Am I not free?
(Ouk eimi eleuqero;
). Free as a Christian from Mosaic ceremonialism (cf. 1 Corinthians 9:19
) as much as any Christian and yet he adapts his moral independence to the principle of considerate love in 1 Corinthians 8:13
. Am I not an apostle?
(ouk eimi apostolo;
). He has the exceptional privileges as an apostle to support from the churches and yet he foregoes these. Have I not seen Jesus our Lord?
(ouci Ihsoun ton Kurion hmwn eoraka;
). Proof ( 1 Corinthians 15:8
; Acts 9:17 Acts 9:27
; Acts 18:9
; Acts 22:14 Acts 22:17
; 2 Corinthians 12:1
) that he has the qualification of an apostle ( Acts 1:22
) though not one of the twelve. Note strong form of the negative ouci
here. All these questions expect an affirmative answer. The perfect active eoraka
, to see, does not here have double reduplication as in John 1:18
Are not ye? (ou umei este;). They were themselves proof of his apostleship.