This (touto). What he proceeds to give. If any will not work, neither let him eat (oti ei ti ou qelei ergazesqai mhde esqietw). Recitative oti here not to be translated, like our modern quotation marks. Apparently a Jewish proverb based on Genesis 3:19 . Wetstein quotes several parallels. Moffatt gives this from Carlyle's Chartism: "He that will not work according to his faculty, let him perish according to his necessity." Deissmann (Light from the Ancient East, p. 314) sees Paul borrowing a piece of workshop morality. It was needed, as is plain. This is a condition of the first class (note negative ou) with the negative imperative in the conclusion.