But now (nun de). Logical use of nun, as the case now stands, with Jesus as high priest in heaven. Hath he obtained (tetucen). Perfect active indicative of tugcanw with the genitive, a rare and late form for teteucen (also teteuchken), old verb to hit the mark, to attain. A ministry the more excellent (diaporwtera leitourgia). "A more excellent ministry." For the comparative of diaporo see Romans 1:4 . This remark applies to all the five points of superiority over the Levitical priesthood. By how much (oswi). Instrumental case of the relative oso between two comparative adjectives as in Romans 1:4 . The mediator (mesith). Late word from meso (amid) and so a middle man (arbitrator). Already in Galatians 3:19 and see 1 Timothy 2:5 . See Hebrews 9:15 ; Hebrews 12:24 for further use with diaqhkh. Of a better covenant (kreittono diaqhkh). Called "new" (kainh, nea in Hebrews 9:15 ; Hebrews 12:24 ). For diaqhkh see Matthew 26:28 ; Luke 1:72 ; Galatians 3:17 , etc. This idea he will discuss in Hebrews 8:7-13 . Hath been enacted (nenomoqethtai). Perfect passive indicative of nomoqetew as in Hebrews 7:11 which see. Upon better promises (epi kreittosin epaggeliai). Upon the basis of (epi). But how "better" if the earlier were also from God? This idea, alluded to in Hebrews 6:12-17 , Will be developed in Hebrews 10:19-12:3 with great passion and power. Thus it is seen that "better" (kreisswn) is the keynote of the Epistle. At every point Christianity is better than Judaism.