Revelation 16:13

Coming out of (ek alone, no participle ercomena). Of the dragon (tou drakonto). That is Satan ( Matthew 12:3 Matthew 12:9 ). Of the beast (tou qhriou). The first beast ( Matthew 13:1 Matthew 13:12 ) and then just the beast ( Matthew 13:14 ; Matthew 14:9 Matthew 14:11 ; Matthew 15:2 ; Matthew 16:2 Matthew 16:10 ), the brute force of the World-power represented by the Roman Empire" (Swete). Of the false prophet (tou pseudoprophtou). Cf. Matthew 7:15 ; Acts 13:6 ; 1 John 2:22 ; 1 John 4:3 ; 2 John 1:7 . Identified with the second beast ( Revelation 13:11-14 ) in Revelation 19:20 ; Revelation 20:10 . So the sixth bowl introduces the dragon and his two subalterns of chapters Re 12; 13 (the two beasts). Three unclean spirits (pneumata tria akaqarta). Out of the mouths of each of the three evil powers (the dragon and the two beasts) comes an evil spirit. See the use of mouth in Revelation 1:16 ( Revelation 9:17 ; Revelation 11:5 ; Revelation 12:15 ; Rev 19:15 Rev 19:21 ) as a chief seat of influence. In 2 Thessalonians 2:8 we have "the breath of his mouth" (the other sense of pneuma). For akaqarton (unclean) with pneuma see Mark 1:23 ; Mark 3:11 ; Mark 5:2 ; Acts 5:16 ; Acts 8:7 . Christ expelled unclean spirits, but His enemies send them forth" (Swete). See Zechariah 13:2 "the false prophets and the unclean spirits." As it were frogs (w batracoi). Cf. Exodus 8:5 ; Leviticus 11:10 . Old word, here alone in N.T. Like loathsome frogs in form.