25:1 Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom.
25:13 Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.
This part of the Olivet discourse goes beyond the "sign" questions of the disciples Matthew 24:3 and presents our Lord's return in three aspects:
(1) As testing profession, Matthew 25:1-13
(2) as testing service, Matthew 25:14-30 ;
(3) as testing the Gentile nations, Matthew 25:31-46 .
The kingdom of heaven here is the sphere of profession, as in Mat 13. All alike have lamps, but two facts fix the real status of the foolish virgins: They "took no oil," and the Lord said, "I know you not." Oil is the symbol of the Holy Spirit, and "If any man have not the spirit of Christ, he is none of his" Romans 8:9
Nor could the Lord say to any believer, however unspiritual, "I know you not."
(See Scofield "Matthew 3:2")
25:14 For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods.
Son of man
25:21 His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord.
the kingdom of heaven is
Omit the italicised words, "the kingdom of heaven is".
25:23 His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord.
The Lord's commendation may be earned by the weakest of His servants; it is given for faithful service.
25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:
The same commendation is gained by the servant with two talents as by him with five; he was equally faithful though his gift was less.
25:32 And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:
Son of man (See Scofield "Matthew 8:20") .
angels (See Scofield "Hebrews 1:4")
25:34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
And before him
This judgment is to be distinguished from the judgment of the great white throne. Here there is no resurrection; the persons judged are living nations; no books are opened; three classes are present, sheep, goats, and brethren; the time is at the return of Christ ( Matthew 25:31 ); and the scene is on the earth. All these particulars are in contrast with Revelation 20:11-15 .
The test in this judgment is the treatment accorded by the nations to those whom Christ here call "my brethren." These "brethren" are the Jewish Remnant who will have preached the Gospel of the kingdom to all nations during the tribulation. See "Remnant" Isaiah 1:9 ; Romans 11:5 .
The test in Revelation 20:11-15 is the possession of eternal life. See, for the other six judgments: (See Scofield "John 12:31") 1 Corinthians 11:31 " See Scofield " 2 Corinthians 5:10 " See Scofield " Ezekiel 20:37 " See Scofield " Jude 1:6 " See Scofield " Revelation 20:12 "
25:37 Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink?
(See Scofield "Matthew 3:2") .
25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
(See Scofield "Romans 10:10")
25:46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
(See Scofield "Hebrews 1:4")