This prophet, a contemporary of Jeremiah, exercised his ministry during the reign of Josiah. It was a time of revival (2Ki. 22), but the captivity was impending, nevertheless, and Zephaniah points out the moral state which, despite the superficial revival under Josiah ( Jeremiah 2:11-13 ), made it inevitable.
Zephaniah is in four parts:
- The coming invasion of Nebuchadnezzar a figure of the day of the Lord, 1:1-2:3.
- Predictions of judgment on certain peoples, 2:4-15.
- The moral state of Israel for which the captivity was to come, 3:1-7.
- The judgment of the nations followed by kingdom blessing under Messiah, 3:8-20.