1 Kings 7:13-45 CSB

13 King Solomon had Hirama brought from Tyre.

References for 1 Kings 7:13

    • p 7:13 - Huram in 2 Ch 2:13; here not the king of Tyre (1 Kg 5:1)
      14 He was a widow's son from the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a bronze craftsman. Hiram had great skill, understanding, and knowledge to do every kind of bronze work. So he came to King Solomon and carried out all his work.b

      References for 1 Kings 7:14

        • q 7:14 - 2 Ch 3:13-14

          The Bronze Pillars

          15 He cast two [hollow] bronze pillars: each 27 feetc high and 18 feetd in circumference.e

          References for 1 Kings 7:15

            • r 7:15 - Lit 18 cubits
            • s 7:15 - Lit 12 cubits
            • t 7:15 - LXX adds and the thickness of the pillar was four fingers hollowed and similarly the second pillar
              16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on top of the pillars; seven and a half feetf was the height of the first capital, and seven and a half feetg was also the height of the second capital.

              References for 1 Kings 7:16

                • u 7:16 - Lit five cubits
                • v 7:16 - Lit five cubits
                  17 The capitals on top of the pillars had gratings of latticework, wreathsh made of chainwork-seven for the first capital and seven for the second.

                  References for 1 Kings 7:17

                    • w 7:17 - Lit tassels
                      18 He made the pillars with two encircling rows of pomegranates on the one grating to cover the capital on top; he did the same for the second capital.
                      19 And the capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were shaped like lilies, six feeti [high].

                      References for 1 Kings 7:19

                        • x 7:19 - Lit four cubits
                          20 The capitals on the two pillars were also immediately above the rounded surface next to the grating, and 200 pomegranates were in rows encircling eachj capital.

                          References for 1 Kings 7:20

                            • y 7:20 - Lit encircling the second
                              21 He set up the pillars at the portico of the sanctuary: he set up the right pillar and named it Jachin;k then he set up the left pillar and named it Boaz.l

                              References for 1 Kings 7:21

                                • z 7:21 - He will establish
                                • { 7:21 - In Him is strength
                                  22 The tops of the pillars were shaped like lilies. Then the work of the pillars was completed.m

                                  References for 1 Kings 7:22

                                    • | 7:22 - 2 Kg 25:17; 2 Ch 3:15-17; Jr 52:21-23

                                      The Reservoir

                                      23 He made the cast [metal] reservoir,n 15 feeto from brim to brim, perfectly round. It was seven and a half feetp high and 45 feetq in circumference.

                                      References for 1 Kings 7:23

                                        • } 7:23 - Lit sea
                                        • ~ 7:23 - Lit 10 cubits
                                        •  7:23 - Lit five cubits
                                        • € 7:23 - Lit 30 cubits
                                          24 [Ornamental] gourds encircled it below the brim, 10 every half yard,r completely encircling the reservoir. The gourds were cast in two rows when the reservoir was cast.

                                          References for 1 Kings 7:24

                                            •  7:24 - Lit 10 per cubit
                                              25 It stood on 12 oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The reservoir was on top of them and all their hindquarters were toward the center.
                                              26 The reservoir was three inchess thick, and its rim was fashioned like the brim of a cup or of a lily blossom. It held 11,000 gallons.tu

                                              References for 1 Kings 7:26

                                                • ‚ 7:26 - Lit a handbreadth
                                                • ƒ 7:26 - Lit 2,000 baths
                                                • „ 7:26 - 2 Ch 4:2-5

                                                  The Bronze Water Carts

                                                  27 Then he made 10 bronze water carts.v Each water cart was six feetw long, six feetx wide, and four and a half feety high.

                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:27

                                                    • … 7:27 - Lit bronze stands
                                                    • † 7:27 - Lit four cubits
                                                    • ‡ 7:27 - Lit four cubits
                                                    • ˆ 7:27 - Lit three cubits
                                                      28 This was the design of the carts: They had frames; the frames were between the cross-pieces,
                                                      29 and on the frames between the cross-pieces were lions, oxen, and cherubim. On the cross-pieces there was a pedestal above, and below the lions and oxen were wreaths of hangingz work.

                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:29

                                                        • ‰ 7:29 - Or hammered-down
                                                          30 Each cart had four bronze wheels with bronze axles. Underneath the four corners of the basin were cast supports, each next to a wreath.
                                                          31 And the water cart's opening inside the crown on top was 18 inches{ wide. The opening was round, made as a pedestal 27 inches| wide. On it were carvings, but their frames were square, not round.

                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:31

                                                            • Š 7:31 - Lit a cubit
                                                            • ‹ 7:31 - Lit one and a half cubits
                                                              32 There were four wheels under the frames, and the wheel axles were part of the water cart; each wheel was 27 inches} tall.

                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:32

                                                                • Œ 7:32 - Lit was one and a half cubits
                                                                  33 The wheels' design was similar to that of chariot wheels: their axles, rims, spokes, and hubs were all of cast metal.
                                                                  34 Four supports were at the four corners of each water cart; each support was one piece with the water cart.
                                                                  35 At the top of the cart was a band nine inches~ high encircling it; also, at the top of the cart, its braces and its frames were one piece with it.

                                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:35

                                                                    •  7:35 - Lit half a cubit
                                                                      36 He engraved cherubim, lions, and palm trees on the plates of its braces and on its frames, wherever each had space, with encircling wreaths.
                                                                      37 In this way he made the 10 water carts using the same casting, dimensions, and shape for all of them.

                                                                      Bronze Basins and Other Utensils

                                                                      38 Then he made 10 bronze basins-each basin holding 220 gallons and each was six feet€ wide-one basin for each of the 10 water carts.

                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:38

                                                                        • Ž 7:38 - Lit 40 baths
                                                                        •  7:38 - Lit four cubits
                                                                          39 He set five water carts on the right side of the temple and five on the left side. He put the reservoir near the right side of the temple toward the southeast.‚

                                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:39

                                                                            •  7:39 - 2 Ch 4:6
                                                                            • ‘ 7:39 - 1 Kg 7:23; 2 Ch 4:10
                                                                              40 Then Hiram made the basins, the shovels, and the sprinkling basins.ƒ So Hiram finished all the work that he was doing for King Solomon on the Lord's temple:

                                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:40

                                                                                • ’ 7:40 - 2 Ch 4:11

                                                                                  Completion of the Bronze Works

                                                                                  41 two pillars;„ bowls for the capitals that were on top of the two pillars; the two gratings for covering both bowls of the capitals that were on top of the pillars;…

                                                                                  References for 1 Kings 7:41

                                                                                    • “ 7:41 - 1 Kg 7:15
                                                                                    • ” 7:41 - 1 Kg 7:17
                                                                                      42 the 400 pomegranates for the two gratings (two rows of pomegranates for each grating covering both capitals' bowls on top of the pillars);†

                                                                                      References for 1 Kings 7:42

                                                                                        • • 7:42 - 1 Kg 7:20
                                                                                          43 the 10 water carts;‡ the 10 basins on the water carts;ˆ

                                                                                          References for 1 Kings 7:43

                                                                                            • – 7:43 - 1 Kg 7:27
                                                                                            • — 7:43 - 1 Kg 7:38
                                                                                              44 the reservoir;‰ the 12 oxen underneath the reservoir;Š

                                                                                              References for 1 Kings 7:44

                                                                                                • ˜ 7:44 - 1 Kg 7:23
                                                                                                • ™ 7:44 - 1 Kg 7:25
                                                                                                  45 and the pots, shovels, and sprinkling basins. All the utensils that Hiram made for King Solomon at the Lord's temple [were made] of burnished bronze.