1 Kings 7

Solomon's Palace Complex

1 Solomon completed his entire palace-complex after 13 years of construction.
2 He built the House of the Forest of Lebanon. It was 150 feet[a] long, 75 feet[b] wide, and 45 feet[c] high on four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams on top of the pillars.
3 It was paneled above with cedar at the top of the chambers that [rested] on 45 pillars, fifteen per row.
4 There were three rows of window frames, facing each other[d] in three tiers.[e]
5 All the doors and doorposts had rectangular frames, the openings facing each other[f] in three tiers.[g]
6 He made the hall of pillars 75 feet[h] long and 45 feet[i] wide. A portico was in front of the pillars, and a canopy with pillars[j] was in front of them.
7 He made the Hall of the Throne where he would judge-the Hall of Judgment. It was paneled with cedar from the floor to the rafters.[k]
8 Solomon's own palace where he would live, in the other courtyard behind the hall, was of similar construction. And he made a house like this hall for Pharaoh's daughter, his wife.[l][m]
9 All of these [buildings] were of costly stones, cut to size and sawed with saws on the inner and outer surfaces, from foundation to coping and from the outside to the great courtyard.
10 The foundation was made of large, costly stones 12 and 15 feet long.[n]
11 Above were also costly stones, cut to size, as well as cedar wood.
12 Around the great courtyard, as well as the inner courtyard of the Lord's temple and the portico of the temple, were three rows of dressed stone and a row of trimmed cedar beams.[o]
13 King Solomon had Hiram[p] brought from Tyre.
14 He was a widow's son from the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a bronze craftsman. Hiram had great skill, understanding, and knowledge to do every kind of bronze work. So he came to King Solomon and carried out all his work.[q]

The Bronze Pillars

15 He cast two [hollow] bronze pillars: each 27 feet[r] high and 18 feet[s] in circumference.[t]
16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on top of the pillars; seven and a half feet[u] was the height of the first capital, and seven and a half feet[v] was also the height of the second capital.
17 The capitals on top of the pillars had gratings of latticework, wreaths[w] made of chainwork-seven for the first capital and seven for the second.
18 He made the pillars with two encircling rows of pomegranates on the one grating to cover the capital on top; he did the same for the second capital.
19 And the capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were shaped like lilies, six feet[x] [high].
20 The capitals on the two pillars were also immediately above the rounded surface next to the grating, and 200 pomegranates were in rows encircling each[y] capital.
21 He set up the pillars at the portico of the sanctuary: he set up the right pillar and named it Jachin;[z] then he set up the left pillar and named it Boaz.[aa]
22 The tops of the pillars were shaped like lilies. Then the work of the pillars was completed.[ab]

The Reservoir

23 He made the cast [metal] reservoir,[ac] 15 feet[ad] from brim to brim, perfectly round. It was seven and a half feet[ae] high and 45 feet[af] in circumference.
24 [Ornamental] gourds encircled it below the brim, 10 every half yard,[ag] completely encircling the reservoir. The gourds were cast in two rows when the reservoir was cast.
25 It stood on 12 oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The reservoir was on top of them and all their hindquarters were toward the center.
26 The reservoir was three inches[ah] thick, and its rim was fashioned like the brim of a cup or of a lily blossom. It held 11,000 gallons.[ai][aj]

The Bronze Water Carts

27 Then he made 10 bronze water carts.[ak] Each water cart was six feet[al] long, six feet[am] wide, and four and a half feet[an] high.
28 This was the design of the carts: They had frames; the frames were between the cross-pieces,
29 and on the frames between the cross-pieces were lions, oxen, and cherubim. On the cross-pieces there was a pedestal above, and below the lions and oxen were wreaths of hanging[ao] work.
30 Each cart had four bronze wheels with bronze axles. Underneath the four corners of the basin were cast supports, each next to a wreath.
31 And the water cart's opening inside the crown on top was 18 inches[ap] wide. The opening was round, made as a pedestal 27 inches[aq] wide. On it were carvings, but their frames were square, not round.
32 There were four wheels under the frames, and the wheel axles were part of the water cart; each wheel was 27 inches[ar] tall.
33 The wheels' design was similar to that of chariot wheels: their axles, rims, spokes, and hubs were all of cast metal.
34 Four supports were at the four corners of each water cart; each support was one piece with the water cart.
35 At the top of the cart was a band nine inches[as] high encircling it; also, at the top of the cart, its braces and its frames were one piece with it.
36 He engraved cherubim, lions, and palm trees on the plates of its braces and on its frames, wherever each had space, with encircling wreaths.
37 In this way he made the 10 water carts using the same casting, dimensions, and shape for all of them.

Bronze Basins and Other Utensils

38 Then he made 10 bronze basins-each basin holding 220 gallons[at] and each was six feet[au] wide-one basin for each of the 10 water carts.
39 He set five water carts on the right side of the temple and five on the left side.[av] He put the reservoir near the right side of the temple toward the southeast.[aw]
40 Then Hiram made the basins, the shovels, and the sprinkling basins.[ax] So Hiram finished all the work that he was doing for King Solomon on the Lord's temple:

Completion of the Bronze Works

41 two pillars;[ay] bowls for the capitals that were on top of the two pillars; the two gratings for covering both bowls of the capitals that were on top of the pillars;[az]
42 the 400 pomegranates for the two gratings (two rows of pomegranates for each grating covering both capitals' bowls on top of the pillars);[ba]
43 the 10 water carts;[bb] the 10 basins on the water carts;[bc]
44 the reservoir;[bd] the 12 oxen underneath the reservoir;[be]
45 and the pots, shovels, and sprinkling basins. All the utensils that Hiram made for King Solomon at the Lord's temple [were made] of burnished bronze.
46 The king had them cast in clay molds in the Jordan Valley between Succoth and Zarethan.[bf]
47 Solomon left all the utensils unweighed because there were so many; the weight of the bronze was not determined.[bg]

Completion of the Gold Furnishings

48 Solomon also made all the equipment in the Lord's temple: the gold altar; the gold table that the bread of the Presence was placed on;[bh]
49 the pure gold lampstands in front of the inner sanctuary, five on the right and five on the left;[bi] the gold flowers, lamps, and tongs;
50 the pure gold ceremonial bowls, wick trimmers, sprinkling basins, ladles,[bj] and firepans; and the gold hinges for the doors of the inner temple (that is, the most holy place) and for the doors of the temple sanctuary.
51 So all the work King Solomon did in the Lord's temple was completed. Then Solomon brought in the consecrated things of his father David[bk]-the silver, the gold, and the utensils-and put them in the treasuries of the Lord's temple.[bl]

1 Kings 7 Commentary

Chapter 7

Solomon's buildings. (1-12) Furniture of the temple. (13-47) Vessels of gold. (48-51)

Verses 1-12 All Solomon's buildings, though beautiful, were intended for use. Solomon began with the temple; he built for God first, and then his other buildings. The surest foundations of lasting prosperity are laid in early piety. He was thirteen years building his house, yet he built the temple in little more than seven years; not that he was more exact, but less eager in building his own house, than in building God's. We ought to prefer God's honour before our own ease and satisfaction.

Verses 13-47 The two brazen pillars in the porch of the temple, some think, were to teach those that came to worship, to depend upon God only, for strength and establishment in all their religious exercises. "Jachin," God will fix this roving mind. It is good that the heart be established with grace. "Boaz," In him is our strength, who works in us both to will and to do. Spiritual strength and stability are found at the door of God's temple, where we must wait for the gifts of grace, in use of the means of grace. Spiritual priests and spiritual sacrifices must be washed in the laver of Christ's blood, and of regeneration. We must wash often, for we daily contract pollution. There are full means provided for our cleansing; so that if we have our lot for ever among the unclean it will be our own fault. Let us bless God for the fountain opened by the sacrifice of Christ for sin and for uncleanness.

Verses 48-51 Christ is now the Temple and the Builder; the Altar and the Sacrifice; the Light of our souls, and the Bread of life; able to supply all the wants of all that have applied or shall apply to him. Outward images cannot represent, words cannot express, the heart cannot conceive, his preciousness or his love. Let us come to him, and wash away our sins in his blood; let us seek for the purifying grace of his Spirit; let us maintain communion with the Father through his intercession, and yield up ourselves and all we have to his service. Being strengthened by him, we shall be accepted, useful, and happy.

Footnotes 64

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of some buildings of Solomon for himself, 1Ki 7:1-12; and of other things for the use of the temple; of two pillars of brass, 1Ki 7:13-22; of the molten sea, 1Ki 7:23-26; and of ten bases, and ten layers on them, 1Ki 7:27-39; with other utensils and ornaments, 1Ki 7:40-51.

1 Kings 7 Commentaries

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