1 Samuel 8 CSB

Israel's Demand for a King

1 When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as judges over Israel.

References for 1 Samuel 8:1

      2 His firstborn son's name was Joel and his second was Abijah.a They were judges in Beer-sheba.

      References for 1 Samuel 8:2

        • a 8:2 - 1 Ch 6:28
          3 However, his sons did not walk in his ways-they turned toward dishonest gain, took bribes, and perverted justice.b

          References for 1 Samuel 8:3

            • b 8:3 - Ex 23:1-9
              4 So all the elders of Israel gathered together and went to Samuel at Ramah.
              5 They said to him, "Look, you are old, and your sons do not follow your example. Therefore, appoint a king to judge us the same as all the other nations have."c

              References for 1 Samuel 8:5

                • c 8:5 - Dt 17:14-15
                  6 When they said, "Give us a king to judge us," Samuel considered their demand sinful, so he prayed to the Lord.
                  7 But the Lord told him, "Listen to the people and everything they say to you. They have not rejected you; they have rejected Me as their king.
                  8 They are doing the same thing to you that they have done to Me,d since the day I brought them out of Egypt until this day, abandoning Me and worshiping other gods.

                  References for 1 Samuel 8:8

                    • d 8:8 - LXX; MT omits to Me
                      9 Listen to them, but you must solemnly warn them and tell them about the rights of the king who will rule over them."
                      10 Samuel told all the Lord's words to the people who were asking him for a king.
                      11 He said, "These are the rights of the king who will rule over you: He can take your sons and put them to his use in his chariots, on his horses, or running in front of his chariots.
                      12 He can appoint them for his use as commanders of thousands or commanders of fifties, to plow his ground or reap his harvest, or to make his weapons of war or the equipment for his chariots.
                      13 He can take your daughters to become perfumers, cooks, and bakers.
                      14 He can take your best fields, vineyards, and olive orchards and give them to his servants.
                      15 He can take a tenth of your grain and your vineyards and give them to his officials and servants.
                      16 He can take your male servants, your female servants, your best young men,e and your donkeys and use them for his work.

                      References for 1 Samuel 8:16

                        • e 8:16 - LXX reads best cattle
                          17 He can take a tenth of your flocks, and you yourselves can become his servants.
                          18 When that day comes, you will cry out because of the king you've chosen for yourselves, but the Lord won't answer you on that day."
                          19 The people refused to listen to Samuel. "No!" they said. "We must have a king over us.
                          20 Then we'll be like all the other nations: our king will judge us, go out before us,f and fight our battles."

                          References for 1 Samuel 8:20

                            • f 8:20 - 1 Sm 18:13; Nm 27:17; 2 Ch 1:10
                              21 Samuel listened to all the people's words and then repeated them to the Lord.g

                              References for 1 Samuel 8:21

                                • g 8:21 - Lit them in the Lord's ears
                                  22 "Listen to them," the Lord told Samuel. "Appoint a king for them." Then Samuel told the men of Israel, "Each of you, go back to your city."