1 Samuel 1:1-18 CSB

Hannah's Vow

1 There was a man from Ramathaim-zophim ina the hill country of Ephraim.b His name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.

References for 1 Samuel 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Or from Ramathaim, a Zuphite from
    • b 1:1 - Jos 17:14-18
      2 He had two wives, the first named Hannah and the second Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah was childless.
      3 This man would go up from his town every year to worship and to sacrificec to the Lord of Hosts at Shiloh,d where Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were the Lord's priests.

      References for 1 Samuel 1:3

        • c 1:3 - Ex 23:14-17
        • d 1:3 - Jos 18:1
          4 Whenever Elkanah offered a sacrifice, he always gave portions of the meate to his wife Peninnah and to each of her sons and daughters.

          References for 1 Samuel 1:4

            • e 1:4 - Dt 12:17-18
              5 But he gave a doublef portion to Hannah, for he loved her even though the Lord had kept her from conceiving.

              References for 1 Samuel 1:5

                • f 1:5 - Or gave only one; Hb obscure
                  6 Her rival would taunt her severely just to provoke her, because the Lord had kept Hannah from conceiving.
                  7 Whenever she went up to the Lord's house, her rival taunted her in this way every year. Hannah wept and would not eat.
                  8 "Hannah, why are you crying?" her husband Elkanah asked. "Why won't you eat? Why are you troubled? Am I not better to you than 10 sons?"
                  9 Hannah got up after they ate and drank at Shiloh.g Eli the priest was sitting on a chair by the doorpost of the Lord's tabernacle.

                  References for 1 Samuel 1:9

                    • g 1:9 - LXX adds and presented herself before the Lord
                      10 Deeply hurt, Hannah prayed to the Lord and wept with many tears.
                      11 Making a vow, she pleaded, "Lord of Hosts, if You will take notice of Your servant's affliction, remember and not forget me, and give Your servant a son,h I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and his hair will never be cut."ij

                      References for 1 Samuel 1:11

                        • h 1:11 - Lit a seed of men
                        • i 1:11 - Lit and no razor will go up on his head
                        • j 1:11 - Nm 6:5; Jdg 13:5; 16:7
                          12 While she was praying in the Lord's presence, Eli watched her lips.
                          13 Hannah was speaking to herself,k and although her lips were moving, her voice could not be heard. Eli thought she was drunk

                          References for 1 Samuel 1:13

                            • k 1:13 - Lit to her heart
                              14 and scolded her, "How long are you going to be drunk? Get rid of your wine!"
                              15 "No, my lord," Hannah replied. "I am a woman with a broken heart. I haven't had any wine or beer; I've been pouring out my heart before the Lord.
                              16 Don't think of me as a wicked woman;l I've been praying from the depth of my anguish and resentment."

                              References for 1 Samuel 1:16

                                • l 1:16 - 1 Sm 2:12
                                  17 Eli responded, "Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant the petition you've requested from Him."
                                  18 "May your servant find favor with you," she replied. Then Hannah went on her way; she ate and no longer appeared downcast.m

                                  References for 1 Samuel 1:18

                                    • m 1:18 - Lit and her face was not to her again