Ezekiel 40 CSB

The New Temple

1 In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month in the fourteenth year after Jerusalem had been captured,a on that very day the Lord's hand was on me, and He brought me there.

References for Ezekiel 40:1

    • a 40:1 - Ezk 33:21
      2 In visions of Godb He took me to the land of Israel and set me down on a very high mountain.c On its southern [slope] was a structure resembling a city.

      References for Ezekiel 40:2

        • b 40:2 - Ezk 8:3
        • c 40:2 - Ezk 17:22; Rv 21:10
          3 He brought me there, and I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze,d with a linen cord and a measuring rod in his hand.e He was standing by the gate.

          References for Ezekiel 40:3

            • d 40:3 - Ezk 1:7; Rv 1:15
            • e 40:3 - Zch 2:1-2
              4 He spoke to me: "Son of man, look with your eyes, listen with your ears, and pay attention to everything I am going to show you, for you have been brought here so that I might show [it] to you. Report everything you see to the house of Israel."f

              References for Ezekiel 40:4

                • f 40:4 - Ezk 43:10

                  The Wall and Outer Gates

                  5 Now there was a wall surrounding the outside of the temple.g The measuring rod in the man's hand was six units of 21 inches;h each unit was the standard length plus three inches.i He measured the thickness of the [wall] structure; it was about 10 feet,j and its height was the same.k

                  References for Ezekiel 40:5

                    • g 40:5 - Ezk 42:20
                    • h 40:5 - This unit of measure approximately a long cubit (perhaps 20 1/2 inches)
                    • i 40:5 - Lit six cubits by the cubit and a handbreadth
                    • j 40:5 - Lit was one rod
                    • k 40:5 - Lit was one rod
                      6 Then he came to the gate that faced east and climbed its steps. He measured the threshold of the gate; it was 10 feet deep-the first threshold was 10 feet deep.
                      7 Each recess was about 10 feetl long and 10 feetm deep, and there was [a space of] eight and three-quarter feetn between the recesses. The [inner] threshold of the gate on the temple side next to the gate's portico was about 10 feet.o

                      References for Ezekiel 40:7

                        • l 40:7 - Lit was one rod
                        • m 40:7 - Lit and one rod
                        • n 40:7 - Lit five cubits
                        • o 40:7 - Lit was one rod
                          8 Next he measured the portico of the gate;
                          9 itp was 14 feet,q and its pilasters were three and a half feet.r The portico of the gate was on the temple side.

                          References for Ezekiel 40:9

                            • p 40:9 - Some Hb mss, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read gate facing the temple side; it was one rod. Verse 9: Then he measured the portico of the gate; it
                            • q 40:9 - Lit eight cubits
                            • r 40:9 - Lit two cubits
                              10 There were three recesses on each side of the east gate, each with the same measurements, and the pilasters on either side also had the same measurements.
                              11 Then he measured the width of the gate's entrance; it was 17 and a half feet,s while the widtht of the gateway was 22 and three-quarter feet.u

                              References for Ezekiel 40:11

                                  12 There was a barrier of 21 inchesv in front of the recesses on both sides, and the recesses on each side were 10 and a half feetw square.

                                  References for Ezekiel 40:12

                                    • v 40:12 - Lit one cubit
                                    • w 40:12 - Lit six cubits
                                      13 Then he measured the gateway from the roof of one recess to the roof of the [opposite] one; the distance was 43 and three-quarter feet.x The openings of the recesses faced each other.

                                      References for Ezekiel 40:13

                                        • x 40:13 - Lit 25 cubits
                                          14 Next, he measured the pilasters-105 feet.y The gate extended around to the pilaster of the court.z

                                          References for Ezekiel 40:14

                                              15 [The distance] from the front of the gate at the entrance to the front of the gate's portico on the inside was 87 and a half feet.{

                                              References for Ezekiel 40:15

                                                • { 40:15 - Lit 50 cubits
                                                  16 The recesses and their pilasters had beveled windows all around the inside of the gateway. The porticos also had windows all around on the inside. Each pilaster was decorated with palm trees.|

                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:16

                                                      17 Then he brought me into the outer court, and there were chambers and a paved surface laid out all around the court. Thirty chambers faced the pavement,
                                                      18 which flanked the gates and corresponded to the length of the gates; [this] was the lower pavement.
                                                      19 Then he measured the distance from the front of the lower gate to the exterior front of the inner court; it was 175 feet.} [This] was the east; next the north [is described].

                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:19

                                                        • } 40:19 - Lit 100 cubits
                                                          20 He measured the gate of the outer court facing north, [both] its length and width.
                                                          21 Its three recesses on each side, its pilasters, and its portico had the same measurements as the first gate: 87 and a half feet~ long and 43 and three-quarter feet wide.

                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:21

                                                              22 Its windows, portico, and palm trees had the same measurements as those of the gate that faced east. Seven steps led up to the gate, and its portico was ahead of them.
                                                              23 The inner court had a gate facing the north gate, like the one on the east. He measured the distance from gate to gate; it was 175 feet.€

                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:23

                                                                • € 40:23 - Lit 100 cubits
                                                                  24 He brought me to the south side, and there was also a gate on the south. He measured its pilasters and portico; they had the same measurements as the others.
                                                                  25 Both the gate and its portico had windows all around, like the other windows. It was 87 and a half feet long and 43 and three-quarter feet‚ wide.

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:25

                                                                    •  40:25 - Lit 50 cubits
                                                                    • ‚ 40:25 - Lit 25 cubits
                                                                      26 Its stairway had seven steps, and its portico was ahead of them. It had palm trees on its pilasters, one on each side.
                                                                      27 The inner court had a gate on the south. He measured from gate to gate on the south; it was 175 feet.ƒ

                                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:27

                                                                        • ƒ 40:27 - Lit 100 cubits

                                                                          The Inner Gates

                                                                          28 Then he brought me to the inner court through the south gate. When he measured the south gate, it had the same measurements as the others.

                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:28

                                                                              29 Its recesses, pilasters, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both it and its portico had windows all around. It was 87 and a half feet„ long and 43 and three-quarter feet… wide.

                                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:29

                                                                                • „ 40:29 - Lit 50 cubits
                                                                                • … 40:29 - Lit 25 cubits
                                                                                  30 (There were porticoes all around, 43 and three-quarter feet long and eight and three-quarter feet† wide.‡)

                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:30

                                                                                    • † 40:30 - Lit five cubits
                                                                                    • ‡ 40:30 - Some Hb mss, LXX omit v. 30
                                                                                      31 Its portico faced the outer court, and its pilasters were decorated with palm trees. Its stairway had eight steps.
                                                                                      32 Then he brought me to the inner court on the east side. When he measured the gate, it had the same measurements as the others.
                                                                                      33 Its recesses, pilasters, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both it and its portico had windows all around. It was 87 and a half feetˆ long and 43 and three-quarter feet‰ wide.

                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:33

                                                                                        • ˆ 40:33 - Lit 50 cubits
                                                                                        • ‰ 40:33 - Lit 25 cubits
                                                                                          34 Its portico faced the outer court, and its pilasters were decorated with palm trees on each side. Its stairway had eight steps.
                                                                                          35 Then he brought me to the north gate. When he measured [it], it had the same measurements as the others,
                                                                                          36 [as did] its recesses, pilasters, and portico. It also had windows all around. It was 87 and a half feetŠ long and 43 and three-quarter feet‹ wide.

                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:36

                                                                                            • Š 40:36 - Lit 50 cubits
                                                                                            • ‹ 40:36 - Lit 25 cubits
                                                                                              37 Its porticoΠfaced the outer court, and its pilasters were decorated with palm trees on each side. Its stairway had eight steps.

                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:37

                                                                                                • Œ 40:37 - LXX; MT reads pilasters

                                                                                                  Rooms for Preparing Sacrifices

                                                                                                  38 There was a chamber whose door [opened] into the portico of the gate. The burnt offering was to be washed there.

                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:38

                                                                                                    •  40:38 - Text emended; MT reads door was by the pilasters, at the gates
                                                                                                      39 Inside the portico of the gate there were two tables on each side, on which to slaughter the burnt offering, sin offering, and restitution offering.
                                                                                                      40 Outside, as one approaches the entrance of the north gate, there were two tables on one side and two [more] tables on the other side of the gate's portico.
                                                                                                      41 So there were four tables inside the gate and four outside, eight tables [in all] on which the slaughtering was to be done.
                                                                                                      42 There were also four tables of cut stone for the burnt offering, [each] 31 and a half inchesŽ long, 31 and a half inches wide, and 21 inches high. The utensils used to slaughter the burnt offerings and [other] sacrifices were placed on them.

                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:42

                                                                                                        • Ž 40:42 - Lit one and a half cubits
                                                                                                        •  40:42 - Lit one cubit
                                                                                                          43 There were three-inch hooks‘ fastened all around the inside of the room, and the flesh of the offering was to be laid on the tables.

                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:43

                                                                                                            •  40:43 - Lit one-handbreadth
                                                                                                            • ‘ 40:43 - Or ledges

                                                                                                              Rooms for Singers and Priests

                                                                                                              44 Outside the inner gate, within the inner court, there were chambers for the singers:’ one“ beside the north gate, facing south, and another beside the south” gate, facing north.

                                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:44

                                                                                                                • ’ 40:44 - LXX reads were two chambers
                                                                                                                • “ 40:44 - LXX; MT reads singers, which was
                                                                                                                • ” 40:44 - LXX; MT reads east
                                                                                                                  45 Then the man said to me: "This chamber that faces south is for the priests who keep charge of the temple.
                                                                                                                  46 The chamber that faces north is for the priests who keep charge of the altar. These are the sons of Zadok,• the ones from the sons of Levi who may approach the Lord to serve Him."–

                                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 40:46

                                                                                                                      47 Next he measured the court. It was square, 175 feet— long and 175 feet wide. The altar˜ was in front of the temple.

                                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 40:47

                                                                                                                        • — 40:47 - Lit 100 cubits
                                                                                                                        • ˜ 40:47 - Ezk 43:13-17
                                                                                                                          48 Then he brought me to the portico of the temple and measured the pilasters of the portico; they were eight and three-quarter feet™ [thick] on each side. The width of the gateway was 24 and a half feet,š and the sidewalls of the gate were› five and a quarter feetœ [wide] on each side.

                                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 40:48

                                                                                                                            • ™ 40:48 - Lit five cubits
                                                                                                                            • š 40:48 - Lit 14 cubits
                                                                                                                            • › 40:48 - LXX; MT omits 24 and a half feet, and the sidewalls of the gate were
                                                                                                                            • œ 40:48 - Lit three cubits
                                                                                                                              49 The portico was 35 feet across and 21ž feetŸ deep, and 10 steps led  up to it. There were pillars by the pilasters, one on each side.

                                                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 40:49

                                                                                                                                •  40:49 - Lit 20 cubits
                                                                                                                                • ž 40:49 - LXX; MT reads 19 and a quarter
                                                                                                                                • Ÿ 40:49 - Lit 12 cubits
                                                                                                                                •   40:49 - MT reads and it was on steps that they would go