Galatians 3:1 CSB

Justification through Faith

1 You foolish Galatians! Who has hypnotized you,a before whose eyes Jesus Christ was vividly portrayedb as crucified?

References for Galatians 3:1

    • a 3:1 - Other mss add not to obey the truth
    • b 3:1 - Other mss add among you

      Study tools for Galatians 3:1

      • a 3:1 - Other mss add not to obey the truth
      • b 3:1 - Other mss add among you
      • c 3:2 - Lit by law works or faith hearing or hearing the message
      • d 3:3 - By human effort
      • e 3:5 - Lit He
      • f 3:5 - Lit by law works or faith hearing or hearing the message
      • g 3:6 - Gn 15:6
      • h 3:8 - Gn 12:3; 18:18
      • i 3:9 - Or with believing Abraham
      • j 3:10 - Dt 27:26
      • k 3:11 - Hab 2:4
      • l 3:12 - Lv 18:5
      • m 3:13 - Dt 21:23
      • n 3:15 - Lit I speak according to man
      • o 3:16 - Gn 12:7; 13:15; 17:8; 24:7
      • p 3:17 - Other mss add in Christ
      • q 3:22 - Lit under sin
      • r 3:24 - The word translated guardian in vv. 24-25 is different from the word in Gl 4:2. In our culture, we do not have a slave who takes a child to and from school, protecting the child from harm or corruption. In Gk the word paidogogos
      • s 3:25 - The word translated guardian in vv. 24-25 is different from the word in Gl 4:2. In our culture, we do not have a slave who takes a child to and from school, protecting the child from harm or corruption. In Gk the word paidogogos