The Birth of Isaac

1 The Lord came to Sarah as He had said, and the Lord did for Sarah what He had promised.a

References for Genesis 21:1

    • a 21:1 - Gn 17:16; 18:10
      2 Sarah became pregnant and bore a son to Abraham in his old age, at the appointed time God had told him.b

      References for Genesis 21:2

        • b 21:2 - Gn 17:21; 18:10,14
          3 Abraham named his son who was born to him-the one Sarah bore to him-Isaac.
          4 When his son Isaac was eight days old, Abraham circumcised him, as God had commanded him.
          5 Abraham was 100 years old when his son Isaac was born to him.
          6 Sarah said, "God has made me laugh, and everyone who hears will laugh with me."c

          References for Genesis 21:6

            • c 21:6 - Gn 18:12-15
              7 She also said, "Who would have told Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have borne himd a son in his old age."

              References for Genesis 21:7

                • d 21:7 - Sam, Tg Jonathan; MT omits him

                  Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away

                  8 The child grew and was weaned, and Abraham held a great feast on the day Isaac was weaned.

                  References for Genesis 21:8

                      9 But Sarah saw the son mockinge-the one Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham.f

                      References for Genesis 21:9

                        • e 21:9 - LXX, Vg add Isaac her son
                        • f 21:9 - Gl 4:29
                          10 So she said to Abraham, "Drive out this slave with her son, for the son of this slave will not be a co-heir with my son Isaac!"g

                          References for Genesis 21:10

                              11 Now this was a very difficult thing forh Abraham because of his son.

                              References for Genesis 21:11

                                • h 21:11 - Lit was very bad in the eyes of
                                  12 But God said to Abraham, "Do not be concernedi about the boy and your slave. Whatever Sarah says to you, listen to her, because your offspring will be traced through Isaac.j

                                  References for Genesis 21:12

                                    • i 21:12 - Lit Let it not be bad in your eyes
                                    • j 21:12 - Rm 9:7
                                      13 But I will also make a nation of the slave's son because he is your offspring."
                                      14 Early in the morning Abraham got up, took bread and a waterskin, [put them] on Hagar's shoulders, and sent her and the boy away.k She left and wandered in the Wilderness of Beer-sheba.

                                      References for Genesis 21:14

                                        • k 21:14 - To "send away" a woman divorce her; Dt 24:1. To "send away" a slave free her; Dt 15:13.
                                          15 When the water in the skin was gone, she left the boy under one of the bushes.
                                          16 Then she went and sat down nearby, about a bowshot away, for she said, "I can't [bear to] watch the boy die!" So as she sat nearby, shel wept loudly.

                                          References for Genesis 21:16

                                            • l 21:16 - LXX reads the boy
                                              17 God heard the voice of the boy, and them angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and said to her, "What's wrong, Hagar? Don't be afraid, for God has heard the voice of the boy from the place where he is.

                                              References for Genesis 21:17

                                                  18 Get up, help the boy up, and sustain him, for I will make him a great nation."
                                                  19 Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water. So she went and filled the waterskin and gave the boy a drink.
                                                  20 God was with the boy, and he grew; he settled in the wilderness and became an archer.
                                                  21 He settled in the Wilderness of Paran, and his mother got a wife for him from the land of Egypt.

                                                  Abraham's Covenant with Abimelech

                                                  22 At that time Abimelech, with Phicol the commander of his army, said to Abraham, "God is with you in everything you do.

                                                  References for Genesis 21:22

                                                      23 Now swear to me here by God that you will not break an agreement with me or with my children and descendants. As I have kept faith with you, so you will keep faith with me and with the country where you are a resident alien."
                                                      24 And Abraham said, "I swear [it]."
                                                      25 But Abraham complained to Abimelech because of the water well that Abimelech's servants had seized.
                                                      26 Abimelech replied, "I don't know who did this thing. You didn't report anything to me, so I hadn't heard about it until today."
                                                      27 Then Abraham took sheep and cattlen and gave them to Abimelech, and the two of them made a covenant.

                                                      References for Genesis 21:27

                                                        • n 21:27 - A covenant or treaty was regularly ratified by animal sacrifice (Gn 8:20-9:9; 15:9-17; Ex 24:8) and often involved an exchange of gifts (1 Kg 15:19; Hs 12:1). The animals here could serve both purposes.
                                                          28 But Abraham had set apart seven ewe lambs from the flock.
                                                          29 And Abimelech said to Abraham, "Why have you set apart these seven ewe lambs?"
                                                          30 He replied, "You are to accept the seven ewe lambs from my hand so that this acto will serve as my witness that I dug this well."

                                                          References for Genesis 21:30

                                                              31 Therefore that place was called Beer-shebap because it was there that the two of them swore an oath.

                                                              References for Genesis 21:31

                                                                • p 21:31 - Seven Wells, or Well of the Oath
                                                                  32 After they had made a covenant at Beer-sheba, Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, left and returned to the land of the Philistines.
                                                                  33 Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and there he worshipedq r the Lord, the Everlasting God.

                                                                  References for Genesis 21:33

                                                                    • q 21:33 - Or proclaimed or invoked the name of; lit called on the name of
                                                                    • r 21:33 - Gn 4:26; 12:8; 13:4; 26:25
                                                                      34 And Abraham lived as a foreigner in the land of the Philistines for many days.