Genesis 4:1-16 CSB

Cain Murders Abel

1 Adam knew his wife Eve intimately, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain. She said, "I have had a male child with the Lord's help."a

References for Genesis 4:1

    • a 4:1 - Lit the Lord
      2 Then she also gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel became a shepherd of a flock, but Cain cultivated the land.
      3 In the course of time Cain presented some of the land's produce as an offering to the Lord.b

      References for Genesis 4:3

        • b 4:3 - Ex 23:19; 34:26; Neh 10:35
          4 And Abel also presented [an offering]-some of the firstborn of his flock and their fat portions. The Lord had regard for Abel and his offering,
          5 but He did not have regard for Cain and his offering. Cain was furious, and he was downcast.c

          References for Genesis 4:5

            • c 4:5 - Lit and his face fell
              6 Then the Lord said to Cain, "Why are you furious? And why are you downcast?d

              References for Genesis 4:6

                • d 4:6 - Lit why has your face fallen
                  7 If you do right, won't you be accepted? But if you do not do right, sin is crouching at the door. Its desire is for you, but you must master it."
                  8 Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field."e And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.

                  References for Genesis 4:8

                    • e 4:8 - Sam, LXX, Syr, Vg; MT omits Let's go out to the field
                      9 Then the Lord said to Cain, "Where is your brother Abel?" "I don't know," he replied. "Am I my brother's guardian?"
                      10 Then He said, "What have you done? Your brother's blood cries out to Me from the ground!
                      11 So now you are cursed [with alienation] from the ground that opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood you have shed.f

                      References for Genesis 4:11

                        • f 4:11 - Lit blood from your hand
                          12 If you work the land, it will never again give you its yield. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth."g

                          References for Genesis 4:12

                            • g 4:12 - Dt 28:16-18; Isa 26:21
                              13 But Cain answered the Lord, "My punishmenth is too great to bear!

                              References for Genesis 4:13

                                  14 Since You are banishing me today from the soil, and I must hide myself from Your presence and become a restless wanderer on the earth, whoever finds me will kill me."i

                                  References for Genesis 4:14

                                    • i 4:14 - Nm 35:26-27
                                      15 Then the Lord replied to him, "In that case,j whoever kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over."k And He placed a markl on Cain so that whoever found him would not kill him.

                                      References for Genesis 4:15

                                        • j 4:15 - LXX, Syr, Vg read Not so!
                                        • k 4:15 - Or suffer severely
                                        • l 4:15 - Ex 9:4; Rv 13:16-17
                                          16 Then Cain went out from the Lord's presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden.