Hebrews 1 CSB

The Nature of the Son

1 Long ago God spoke to the fathers by the prophets at different times and in different ways.

References for Hebrews 1:1

      2 In these last days, He has spoken to us by [His] Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things and through whom He made the universe.a

      References for Hebrews 1:2

        • a 1:2 - Lit ages
          3 He is the radianceb of His glory, the exact expressionc of His nature, and He sustains all things by His powerful word. After making purification for sins,d He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.e

          References for Hebrews 1:3

            • b 1:3 - Or reflection
            • c 1:3 - Or representation, or copy, or reproduction
            • d 1:3 - Other mss read for our sins by Himself
            • e 1:3 - Or He sat down on high at the right hand of the Majesty
              4 So He became higher in rank than the angels, just as the name He inherited is superior to theirs.

              The Son Superior to Angels

              5 For to which of the angels did He ever say, You are My Son; today I have become Your Father, f g or again, I will be His Father, and He will be My Son ?h

              References for Hebrews 1:5

                • f 1:5 - Or have begotten You
                • g 1:5 - Ps 2:7
                • h 1:5 - 2 Sm 7:14; 1 Ch 17:13
                  6 When He again brings His firstborn into the world,i He says, And all God's angels must worship Him. j

                  References for Hebrews 1:6

                    • i 1:6 - Or And again, when He brings His firstborn into the world
                    • j 1:6 - Dt 32:43 LXX; Ps 97:7
                      7 And about the angels He says: He makes His angels winds, k and His servants l a fiery flame; m

                      References for Hebrews 1:7

                        • k 1:7 - Or spirits
                        • l 1:7 - Or ministers
                        • m 1:7 - Ps 104:4
                          8 but about the Son: Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the scepter of Your kingdom is a scepter of justice.
                          9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; this is why God, Your God, has anointed You, rather than Your companions, n o with the oil of joy.

                          References for Hebrews 1:9

                            • n 1:9 - Or associates
                            • o 1:9 - Ps 45:6-7
                              10 And: In the beginning, Lord, You established the earth, and the heavens are the works of Your hands;
                              11 they will perish, but You remain. They will all wear out like clothing;
                              12 You will roll them up like a cloak, p and they will be changed like a robe. But You are the same, and Your years will never end. q

                              References for Hebrews 1:12

                                • p 1:12 - Other mss omit like a cloak
                                • q 1:12 - Ps 102:25-27
                                  13 Now to which of the angels has He ever said: Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies Your footstool ?r s

                                  References for Hebrews 1:13

                                    • r 1:13 - Or enemies a footstool for Your feet
                                    • s 1:13 - Ps 110:1
                                      14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve those who are going to inherit salvation?