1 a Can you pull in Leviathan with a hookb or tie his tongue down with a rope?

References for Job 41:1

    • a 41:1 - Jb 40:25 in Hb
    • b 41:1 - Isa 19:8; Hab 1:15
      2 Can you put a cordc through his nose or pierce his jaw with a hook?d

      References for Job 41:2

        • c 41:2 - Lit reed
        • d 41:2 - Jb 40:24; Ps 74:13
          3 Will he beg you for mercy or speak softly to you?
          4 Will he make a covenant with you so that you can take him as a slave forever?e

          References for Job 41:4

            • e 41:4 - Dt 15:16-17
              5 Can you play with him like a bird or put him on a leashf for your girls?

              References for Job 41:5

                • f 41:5 - Lit or bind him
                  6 Will traders bargain for him or divide him among the merchants?
                  7 Can you fill his hide with harpoons or his head with fishing spears?
                  8 Lay ag hand on him. You will remember the battle and never repeat it!

                  References for Job 41:8

                      9 h Any hope of [capturing] him proves false. Does a person not collapse at the very sight of him?

                      References for Job 41:9

                        • h 41:9 - Jb 41:1 in Hb
                          10 No one is ferocious [enough] to rouse Leviathan; who then can stand against Me?i

                          References for Job 41:10

                              11 Who confronted Me, that I should repay him?j Everything under heaven belongs to Me.

                              References for Job 41:11

                                  12 I cannot be silent about his limbs, his power, and his graceful proportions.
                                  13 Who can strip off his outer covering? Who can penetrate his double layer of armor?kl

                                  References for Job 41:13

                                    • k 41:13 - LXX; MT reads double bridle
                                    • l 41:13 - Ps 32:9
                                      14 Who can open his jaws,m surrounded by those terrifying teeth?

                                      References for Job 41:14

                                        • m 41:14 - Lit open the doors of his face
                                          15 [His] pride is in [his] rows of scales, closely sealed together.n

                                          References for Job 41:15

                                              16 One scale is so close to anothero that no air can pass between them.

                                              References for Job 41:16

                                                • o 41:16 - Lit One by one they approach
                                                  17 They are joined to one another, so closely connectedp they cannot be separated.

                                                  References for Job 41:17

                                                    • p 41:17 - Lit another; they cling together and
                                                      18 His snortingq flashes with light, while his eyes are like the raysr of dawn.

                                                      References for Job 41:18

                                                          19 Flaming torches shoots from his mouth; fiery sparks fly out!

                                                          References for Job 41:19

                                                              20 Smoke billows from his nostrilst as from a boiling pot or [burning] reeds.

                                                              References for Job 41:20

                                                                • t 41:20 - Ex 19:18; 2 Sm 22:9; Ps 18:8
                                                                  21 His breath sets coals ablaze, and flames pour out of his mouth.u

                                                                  References for Job 41:21

                                                                    • u 41:21 - 2 Sm 22:9; Ps 18:8; Isa 66:15
                                                                      22 Strength resides in his neck, and dismay dances before him.
                                                                      23 The folds of his flesh are joined together, solid as metalv and immovable.

                                                                      References for Job 41:23

                                                                        • v 41:23 - Lit together, hard on him
                                                                          24 His heart is as hard as a rock, as hard as a lower millstone!
                                                                          25 When Leviathan rises, the mightyw are terrified; they withdraw because of [his] thrashing.

                                                                          References for Job 41:25

                                                                            • w 41:25 - Or the divine beings
                                                                              26 The sword that reaches him will have no effect, nor will a spear, dart, or arrow.x

                                                                              References for Job 41:26

                                                                                  27 He regards iron as straw, and bronze as rotten wood.
                                                                                  28 No arrow can make him flee; slingstones become like stubble to him.
                                                                                  29 A club is regarded as stubble, and he laughs at the whirring of a javelin.y

                                                                                  References for Job 41:29

                                                                                      30 His undersides are jagged potsherds, spreading the mud like a threshing sledge.z

                                                                                      References for Job 41:30

                                                                                        • z 41:30 - Isa 41:15; Am 1:3
                                                                                          31 He makes the depths seethe like a caldron; he makes the sea like an ointment jar.
                                                                                          32 He leaves a shining wake behind him;{ one would think the deep had white hair!

                                                                                          References for Job 41:32

                                                                                              33 He has no equal on earth- a creature devoid of fear!|

                                                                                              References for Job 41:33

                                                                                                  34 He surveys everything that is haughty; he is king over all the proud beasts.}~

                                                                                                  References for Job 41:34

                                                                                                    • } 41:34 - Lit the children of pride
                                                                                                    • ~ 41:34 - Jb 28:7-8