John 1 CSB

Prologue

1 In the beginninga was the Word,b and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

References for John 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Gn 1:1
    • b 1:1 - The Word (Gk Logos) is a title for Jesus as the communication and the revealer of God the Father; Jn 1:14,18; Rv 19:13.
      2 He was with God in the beginning.
      3 All things were created through Him, and apart from Him not one thing was created that has been created.c

      References for John 1:3

        • c 1:3 - Col 1:16; Heb 1:2
          4 Life was in Him,d and that life was the light of men.

          References for John 1:4

            • d 1:4 - Other punctuation is possible: . . . not one thing was created. What was created in Him was life
              5 That light shines in the darkness, yet the darkness did not overcomee it.

              References for John 1:5

                • e 1:5 - Or grasp, or comprehend, or overtake; Jn 12:35
                  6 There was a man named John who was sent from God.
                  7 He came as a witness to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him.f

                  References for John 1:7

                    • f 1:7 - Or through it (the light)
                      8 He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light.
                      9 The true light, who gives light to everyone, was coming into the world.g

                      References for John 1:9

                        • g 1:9 - Or The true light who comes into the world gives light to everyone, or The true light enlightens everyone coming into the world.
                          10 He was in the world, and the world was created through Him, yet the world did not recognize Him.
                          11 He came to His own,h and His own peoplei did not receive Him.

                          References for John 1:11

                            • h 1:11 - The same Gk adjective is used twice in this verse: the first refers to all that Jesus owned as Creator (to His own); the second refers to the Jews (His own people).
                            • i 1:11 - The same Gk adjective is used twice in this verse: the first refers to all that Jesus owned as Creator (to His own); the second refers to the Jews (His own people).
                              12 But to all who did receive Him, He gave them the right to bej children of God, to those who believe in His name,

                              References for John 1:12

                                • j 1:12 - Or become
                                  13 who were born, not of blood,k or of the will of the flesh, or of the will of man,l but of God.

                                  References for John 1:13

                                    • k 1:13 - Lit bloods; the pl form of blood occurs only here in the NT. It may refer either to lineal descent (that is, blood from one's father and mother) or to the OT sacrificial system (that is, the various blood sacrifices). Neither is the basis for birth into the family of God.
                                    • l 1:13 - Or not of human lineage, or of human capacity, or of human volition
                                      14 The Word became fleshm and took up residencen among us. We observed His glory, the glory as the One and Only Sono from the Father, full of grace and truth.

                                      References for John 1:14

                                        • m 1:14 - The eternally existent Word (vv. 1-2) took on full humanity, but without sin; Heb 4:15.
                                        • n 1:14 - Lit and tabernacled, or and dwelt in a tent; this word occurs only here in John. A related word, referring to the Festival of Tabernacles, occurs only in 7:2; Ex 40:34-38.
                                        • o 1:14 - Son is implied from the reference to the Father and from Gk usage.
                                          15 (John testified concerning Him and exclaimed, "This was the One of whom I said, 'The One coming after me has surpassed me, because He existed before me.' ")
                                          16 Indeed, we have all received grace after grace from His fullness,
                                          17 for although the law was given through Moses, grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
                                          18 No one has ever seen God.p The One and Only Sonq- the One who is at the Father's sider- He has revealed Him.

                                          References for John 1:18

                                            • p 1:18 - Since God is an infinite being, no one can see Him in His absolute essential nature; Ex 33:18-23.
                                            • q 1:18 - Other mss read God
                                            • r 1:18 - Lit is in the bosom of the Father

                                              John the Baptist's Testimony

                                              19 This is John's testimony when the Jews from Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him, "Who are you?"

                                              References for John 1:19

                                                  20 He did not refuse to answer, but he declared: "I am not the Messiah."
                                                  21 "What then?" they asked him. "Are you Elijah?" "I am not," he said. "Are you the Prophet?"s "No," he answered.

                                                  References for John 1:21

                                                    • s 1:21 - Probably the Prophet in Dt 18:15
                                                      22 "Who are you, then?" they asked. "We need to give an answer to those who sent us. What can you tell us about yourself?"
                                                      23 He said, "I am a voice of one crying out in the wilderness: Make straight the way of the Lord t-just as Isaiah the prophet said."

                                                      References for John 1:23

                                                        • t 1:23 - Isaiah 40:3
                                                          24 Now they had been sent from the Pharisees.
                                                          25 So they asked him, "Why then do you baptize if you aren't the Messiah, or Elijah,u or the Prophet?"v

                                                          References for John 1:25

                                                              26 "I baptize withw water," John answered them. "Someone stands among you, but you don't know [Him].

                                                              References for John 1:26

                                                                  27 He is the One coming after me,x whose sandal strap I'm not worthy to untie."

                                                                  References for John 1:27

                                                                    • x 1:27 - Other mss add who came before me
                                                                      28 All this happened in Bethanyy across the Jordan,z where John was baptizing.

                                                                      References for John 1:28

                                                                        • y 1:28 - Other mss read in Bethabara
                                                                        • z 1:28 - Another Bethany, near Jerusalem, was the home of Lazarus, Martha, and Mary; Jn 11:1.

                                                                          The Lamb of God

                                                                          29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, "Here is the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!

                                                                          References for John 1:29

                                                                              30 This is the One I told you about: 'After me comes a man who has surpassed me, because He existed before me.'
                                                                              31 I didn't know Him, but I came baptizing with{ water so He might be revealed to Israel."

                                                                              References for John 1:31

                                                                                  32 And John testified, "I watched the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He rested on Him.
                                                                                  33 I didn't know Him, but He| who sent me to baptize with} water told me, 'The One you see the Spirit descending and resting on-He is the One who baptizes with~ the Holy Spirit.'

                                                                                  References for John 1:33

                                                                                    • | 1:33 - He refers to God the Father, who gave John a sign to help him identify the Messiah. Vv. 32-34 indicate that John did not know that Jesus was the Messiah until the Spirit descended upon Him at His baptism.
                                                                                    • } 1:33 - Or in
                                                                                    • ~ 1:33 - Or in
                                                                                      34 I have seen and testified that He is the Son of God!"

                                                                                      References for John 1:34

                                                                                        •  1:34 - Other mss read is the Chosen One of God
                                                                                          35 Again the next day, John was standing with two of his disciples.
                                                                                          36 When he saw Jesus passing by, he said, "Look! The Lamb of God!"
                                                                                          37 The two disciples heard him say this and followed Jesus.
                                                                                          38 When Jesus turned and noticed them following Him, He asked them, "What are you looking for?" They said to Him, "Rabbi" (which means "Teacher"), "where are You staying?"
                                                                                          39 "Come and you'll see," He replied. So they went and saw where He was staying, and they stayed with Him that day. It was about 10 in the morning.€

                                                                                          References for John 1:39

                                                                                            • € 1:39 - Lit about the tenth hour. Various methods of reckoning time were used in the ancient world. John probably used a different method from the other 3 Gospels. If John used the same method of time reckoning as the other 3 Gospels, the translation would be: It was about four in the afternoon.
                                                                                              40 Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, was one of the two who heard John and followed Him.
                                                                                              41 He first found his own brother Simon and told him, "We have found the Messiah!" (which means "Anointed One"),

                                                                                              References for John 1:41

                                                                                                •  1:41 - In the NT, the word Messiah translates the Gk word Christos ("Anointed One"), except here and in Jn 4:25 where it translates Messias.
                                                                                                  42 and he brought [Simon] to Jesus. When Jesus saw him, He said, "You are Simon, son of John. ‚ You will be called Cephas" (which means "Rock").

                                                                                                  References for John 1:42

                                                                                                    • ‚ 1:42 - Other mss read Simon, son of Jonah

                                                                                                      Philip and Nathanael

                                                                                                      43 The next day Heƒ decided to leave for Galilee. Jesus found Philip and told him, "Follow Me!"

                                                                                                      References for John 1:43

                                                                                                        • ƒ 1:43 - Or he, referring either to Peter (v. 42) or Andrew (vv. 40-41)
                                                                                                          44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the hometown of Andrew and Peter.
                                                                                                          45 Philip found Nathanael„ and told him, "We have found the One Moses wrote about in the Law (and so did the prophets): Jesus the son of Joseph, from Nazareth!"

                                                                                                          References for John 1:45

                                                                                                            • „ 1:45 - Probably the Bartholomew of the other Gospels and Acts
                                                                                                              46 "Can anything good come out of Nazareth?" Nathanael asked him. "Come and see," Philip answered.
                                                                                                              47 Then Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward Him and said about him, "Here is a true Israelite; no deceit is in him."
                                                                                                              48 "How do you know me?" Nathanael asked. "Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you," Jesus answered.
                                                                                                              49 "Rabbi," Nathanael replied, "You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!"
                                                                                                              50 Jesus responded to him, "Do you believe [only] because I told you I saw you under the fig tree? You … will see greater things than this."

                                                                                                              References for John 1:50

                                                                                                                • … 1:50 - You (sg in Gk) refers to Nathanael.
                                                                                                                  51 Then He said, "I assure you: You † will see heaven opened and the angels of God ascending and descending ‡ on the Son of Man."

                                                                                                                  References for John 1:51

                                                                                                                    • † 1:51 - You is pl in Gk and refers to Nathanael and the other disciples.
                                                                                                                    • ‡ 1:51 - Gn 28:12