Then Pilate took Jesus and had Him flogged.
The soldiers also twisted together a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and threw a purple robe around Him.
And they repeatedly came up to Him and said, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and were slapping His face.
Pilate went outside again and said to them, "Look, I'm bringing Him outside to you to let you know I find no grounds for charging Him."
Then Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, "Here is the man!"
When the chief priests and the temple police saw Him, they shouted, "Crucify! Crucify!" Pilate responded, "Take Him and crucify Him yourselves, for I find no grounds for charging Him."
"We have a law," the Jews replied to him, "and according to that law He must die, because He made Himself the Son of God."
When Pilate heard this statement, he was more afraid than ever.
He went back into the headquarters and asked Jesus, "Where are You from?" But Jesus did not give him an answer.
So Pilate said to Him, "You're not talking to me? Don't You know that I have the authority to release You and the authority to crucify You?"
"You would have no authority over Me at all," Jesus answered him, "if it hadn't been given you from above. This is why the one who handed Me over to you has the greater sin."
References for John 19:11
From that moment Pilate made every effort to release Him. But the Jews shouted, "If you release this man, you are not Caesar's friend. Anyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar!"
References for John 19:12
When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus outside. He sat down on the judge's bench in a place called the Stone Pavement (but in Hebrew Gabbatha).
It was the preparation day for the Passover, and it was about six in the morning. Then he told the Jews, "Here is your king!"
References for John 19:14
But they shouted, "Take Him away! Take Him away! Crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Should I crucify your king?" "We have no king but Caesar!" the chief priests answered.
So then, because of them, he handed Him over to be crucified. Therefore they took Jesus away.
References for John 19:16
Carrying His own cross, He went out to what is called Skull Place, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha.
References for John 19:17
There they crucified Him and two others with Him, one on either side, with Jesus in the middle.
Pilate also had a sign lettered and put on the cross. The inscription was: JESUS THE NAZARENE THE KING OF THE JEWS
Many of the Jews read this sign, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek.
References for John 19:20
So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, "Don't write, 'The King of the Jews,' but that He said, 'I am the King of the Jews.' "
Pilate replied, "What I have written, I have written."
When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took His clothes and divided them into four parts, a part for each soldier. They also took the tunic, which was seamless, woven in one piece from the top.
So they said to one another, "Let's not tear it, but toss for it, to see who gets it." [They did this] to fulfill the Scripture that says: They divided My clothes among themselves, and they cast lots for My clothing. And this is what the soldiers did.
References for John 19:24
Standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
References for John 19:25
When Jesus saw His mother and the disciple He loved standing there, He said to His mother, "Woman, here is your son."
Then He said to the disciple, "Here is your mother." And from that hour the disciple took her into his home.