Leviticus 11 CSB

Clean and Unclean Land Animals

1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron:

References for Leviticus 11:1

      2 "Tell the Israelites: You may eat all these [kinds] of land animals.a

      References for Leviticus 11:2

        • a 11:2 - Dt 14:4-21; Ac 10:9-16; Rm 14:14
          3 You may eat any animal with divided hooves and that chews the cud.
          4 But among the ones that chew the cud or have hooves you are not to eat [these]: the camel, though it chews the cud, does not have hooves-it is unclean for you;
          5 the hyrax,b though it chews the cud, does not have hooves-it is unclean for you;

          References for Leviticus 11:5

            • b 11:5 - A rabbitlike animal
              6 the hare, though it chews the cud, does not have hooves-it is unclean for you;
              7 the pig, though it has divided hooves, does not chew the cud-it is unclean for you.
              8 Do not eat any of their meat or touch their carcasses-they are unclean for you.c

              References for Leviticus 11:8

                • c 11:8 - Lv 7:21; 11:24-27; Isa 52:11; 2 Co 6:17

                  Clean and Unclean Aquatic Animals

                  9 "This [is what] you may eat from all that is in the water: You may eat everything in the water that has fins and scales, whether in the seas or streams.

                  References for Leviticus 11:9

                      10 But these are to be detestable to you: everything that does not have fins and scales in the seas or streams, among all the swarming things and [other] living creaturesd in the water.

                      References for Leviticus 11:10

                        • d 11:10 - Lv 11:46; Gn 1:20; 2:19
                          11 They are to remain detestable to you; you must not eat any of their meat, and you must detest their carcasses.
                          12 Everything in the water that does not have fins and scales will be detestable to you.

                          Unclean Birds

                          13 "You are to detest these birds. They must not be eaten because they are detestable: the eagle,e the beardedf vulture, the black vulture,g

                          References for Leviticus 11:13

                            • e 11:13 - Or griffon-vulture
                            • f 11:13 - Or black
                            • g 11:13 - Or the osprey, or the bearded vulture
                              14 the kite,h the various kinds of falcon,i

                              References for Leviticus 11:14

                                • h 11:14 - Or hawk
                                • i 11:14 - Or buzzards, or hawks
                                  15 every kind of raven,
                                  16 the ostrich,j the short-eared owl,k the gull,l the various kinds of hawk,

                                  References for Leviticus 11:16

                                    • j 11:16 - Or eagle owl
                                    • k 11:16 - Or the night hawk, or the screech owl
                                    • l 11:16 - Or long-eared owl
                                      17 the littlem owl, the cormorant,n the long-eared owl,o

                                      References for Leviticus 11:17

                                        • m 11:17 - Or tawny
                                        • n 11:17 - Or fisher owl, or pelican
                                        • o 11:17 - Or the ibis
                                          18 the whitep owl, the desert owl,q the osprey,r

                                          References for Leviticus 11:18

                                            • p 11:18 - Or little
                                            • q 11:18 - Or the pelican, or the horned owl
                                            • r 11:18 - Or Egyptian vulture
                                              19 the stork,s the various kinds of heron,t the hoopoe, and the bat.

                                              References for Leviticus 11:19

                                                • s 11:19 - Or heron
                                                • t 11:19 - Or cormorant, or hawk

                                                  Clean and Unclean Flying Insects

                                                  20 "All winged insects that walk on all fours are to be detestable to you.

                                                  References for Leviticus 11:20

                                                      21 But you may eat these kinds of all the winged insects that walk on all fours: those that have jointed legs above their feet for hopping on the ground.
                                                      22 You may eat these: the various kinds of locust,u the various kinds of katydid, the various kinds of cricket, and the various kinds of grasshopper.

                                                      References for Leviticus 11:22

                                                        • u 11:22 - Ex 10:4,12-19; Jl 1:4; 2:25
                                                          23 All [other] winged insects that have four feet are to be detestable to you.

                                                          Purification after Touching Dead Animals

                                                          24 "These will make you unclean. Whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean until evening,

                                                          References for Leviticus 11:24

                                                              25 and whoever carries any of their carcasses must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening.v

                                                              References for Leviticus 11:25

                                                                • v 11:25 - Lv 16:28; 17:15-16; Nm 19:7-10
                                                                  26 All animals that have hooves but do not have a divided hoof and do not chew the cud are unclean for you. Whoever touches them becomes unclean.
                                                                  27 All the four-footed animals that walk on their paws are unclean for you. Whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean until evening,
                                                                  28 and anyone who carries their carcasses must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening. They are unclean for you.
                                                                  29 "These creatures that swarm on the ground are unclean for you: the weasel,w the mouse, the various kinds of large lizard,x

                                                                  References for Leviticus 11:29

                                                                    • w 11:29 - Or mole rat, or rat
                                                                    • x 11:29 - Or of thorn-tailed or dabb lizard, or of crocodile
                                                                      30 the gecko, the monitor lizard,y the common lizard,z the skink,{ and the chameleon.|

                                                                      References for Leviticus 11:30

                                                                        • y 11:30 - Or the spotted lizard, or the chameleon
                                                                        • z 11:30 - Or the gecko, or the newt, or the salamander
                                                                        • { 11:30 - Or sand lizard, or newt, or snail
                                                                        • | 11:30 - Or salamander, or mole
                                                                          31 These are unclean for you among all the swarming creatures. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean until evening.
                                                                          32 When any one of them dies and falls on anything it becomes unclean-any item of wood, clothing, leather, sackcloth, or any implement used for work. It is to be rinsed with water and will remain unclean until evening; then it will be clean.
                                                                          33 If any of them falls into any clay pot, everything in it will become unclean; you must break it.
                                                                          34 Any edible food coming into contact with [that unclean] water will become unclean, and any drinkable liquid in any container will become unclean.
                                                                          35 Anything one of their carcasses falls on will become unclean. If it is an oven or stove, it must be smashed; it is unclean and will remain unclean for you.
                                                                          36 A spring or cistern containing water will remain clean, but someone who touches a carcass [in it] will become unclean.
                                                                          37 If one of their carcasses falls on any seed that is to be sown, it is clean;
                                                                          38 but if water has been put on the seed and one of their carcasses falls on it, it is unclean for you.
                                                                          39 "If one of the animals that you use for food dies,} anyone who touches its carcass will be unclean until evening.

                                                                          References for Leviticus 11:39

                                                                            • } 11:39 - Dies of itself or by predators; this does not apply to animals slaughtered for food.
                                                                              40 Anyone who eats some of its carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening. Anyone who carries its carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until evening.

                                                                              Unclean Swarming Creatures

                                                                              41 "All the creatures that swarm on the earth are detestable; they must not be eaten.

                                                                              References for Leviticus 11:41

                                                                                  42 Do not eat any of the creatures that swarm on the earth, anything that moves on its belly or walks on all fours or on many feet,~ for they are detestable.

                                                                                  References for Leviticus 11:42

                                                                                    • ~ 11:42 - Lit fours, to anything multiplying pairs of feet
                                                                                      43 Do not become contaminated by any creature that swarms; do not become unclean or defiled by them.
                                                                                      44 For I am the Lord your God, so you must consecrate yourselves and be holy because I am holy. You must not defile yourselves by any swarming creature that crawls on the ground.

                                                                                      References for Leviticus 11:44

                                                                                        •  11:44 - Lv 11:45; 19:2; 20:7,26; 1 Pt 1:16
                                                                                          45 For I am the Lord, who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be your God,€ so you must be holy because I am holy.

                                                                                          References for Leviticus 11:45

                                                                                            • € 11:45 - Lv 25:38,42; 26:13,45; Ex 20:2
                                                                                              46 "This is the law concerning animals, birds, all living creatures that move in the water, and all creatures that swarm on the ground,
                                                                                              47 in order to distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between the animals that may be eaten and those that may not be eaten."

                                                                                              References for Leviticus 11:47

                                                                                                •  11:47 - Lv 10:10-11; 13:59