Proverbs 30 CSB

The Words of Agur

1 The words of Agur son of Jakeh. The oracle.a The man's oration to Ithiel, to Ithiel and Ucal:b

References for Proverbs 30:1

    • a 30:1 - Or The burden, or Jakeh from Massa; Pr 31:1
    • b 30:1 - Hb uncertain. Sometimes read with different word division as oration: I am weary, God, I am weary, God, and I am exhausted, or oration: I am not God, I am not God, that I should prevail. LXX reads My son, fear my words and when you have received them repent. The man says these things to the believers in God, and I pause.
      2 I am the least intelligent of men,c and I lack man's ability to understand.

      References for Proverbs 30:2

        • c 30:2 - Lit I am more stupid than a man
          3 I have not gained wisdom, and I have no knowledge of the Holy One.d

          References for Proverbs 30:3

              4 Who has gone up to heaven and come down?e Who has gathered the wind in His hands? Who has bound up the waters in a cloak?f Who has established all the ends of the earth?g What is His name, and what is the name of His Son- if you know?h

              References for Proverbs 30:4

                • e 30:4 - Jn 3:13; Eph 4:9-10
                • f 30:4 - Jb 26:8; 38:9
                • g 30:4 - Jb 38:4-5; Ps 93:1; 119:90
                • h 30:4 - Mt 11:27; Rv 19:12-13
                  5 Every word of God is pure;i j He is a shield to those who take refuge in Him.

                  References for Proverbs 30:5

                    • i 30:5 - Lit refined, like metal
                    • j 30:5 - Ps 12:6; 18:30
                      6 Don't add to His words,k or He will rebuke you, and you will be proved a liar.

                      References for Proverbs 30:6

                        • k 30:6 - Dt 4:2; 12:32; Rv 22:18
                          7 Two things I ask of You; don't deny them to me before I die:
                          8 Keep falsehood and deceitful words far from me. Give me neither poverty nor wealth; feed me with the food I need.l

                          References for Proverbs 30:8

                            • l 30:8 - Pr 31:15; Mt 6:11
                              9 Otherwise, I might have too much and deny You, saying, "Who is the Lord?"m or I might have nothing and steal, profaningn the name of my God.

                              References for Proverbs 30:9

                                • m 30:9 - Dt 6:10-12; 8:11-14
                                • n 30:9 - Lit grabbing
                                  10 Don't slander a servant to his master, or he will curse you, and you will become guilty.
                                  11 There is a generation that curses its father and does not bless its mother.
                                  12 There is a generation that is pure in its own eyes, yet is not washed from its filth.
                                  13 There is a generation-how haughty its eyes and pretentious its looks.o

                                  References for Proverbs 30:13

                                    • o 30:13 - Lit and its eyelids lifted up
                                      14 There is a generation whose teeth are swords, whose fangs are knives, devouring the oppressed from the land and the needy from among mankind.
                                      15 The leech has two daughters: Give, Give. Three things are never satisfied; four never say, "Enough!":
                                      16 Sheol;p a barren womb; earth, which is never satisfied with water; and fire, which never says, "Enough!"

                                      References for Proverbs 30:16

                                        • p 30:16 - Pr 27:20; Hab 2:5
                                          17 As for the eye that ridicules a father and despises obedience to a mother, may ravens of the valley pluck it out and young vultures eat it.
                                          18 Three things are beyond me; four I can't understand:
                                          19 the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a snake on a rock, the way of a ship at sea, and the way of a man with a young woman.
                                          20 This is the way of an adulteress: she eats and wipes her mouth and says, "I've done nothing wrong."
                                          21 The earth trembles under three things; it cannot bear up under four:
                                          22 a servant when he becomes king, a fool when he is stuffed with food,
                                          23 an unloved woman when she marries, and a serving girl when she ousts her lady.q

                                          References for Proverbs 30:23

                                              24 Four things on earth are small, yet they are extremely wise:
                                              25 the ants are not a strong people, yet they store up their food in the summer;r

                                              References for Proverbs 30:25

                                                  26 hyraxes are not a mighty people, yet they make their homes in the cliffs;
                                                  27 locusts have no king, yet all of them march in ranks;
                                                  28 a lizards can be caught in your hands, yet it lives in kings' palaces.

                                                  References for Proverbs 30:28

                                                      29 Three things are stately in their stride, even four are stately in their walk:
                                                      30 a lion, which is mightiest among beasts and doesn't retreat before anything,
                                                      31 a strutting rooster,t a goat, and a king at the head of his army.u

                                                      References for Proverbs 30:31

                                                        • t 30:31 - Or a greyhound
                                                        • u 30:31 - LXX reads king haranguing his people
                                                          32 If you have been foolish by exalting yourself, or if you've been scheming, put your hand over your mouth.
                                                          33 For the churning of milk produces butter, and twisting a nose draws blood, and stirring up anger produces strife.