1 The first therefore also indeed had ordinances of service, and the sanctuary, a worldly one.

References for Hebrews 9:1

    • a 9:1 - Latreia, from the same root as latreuo in ver. 6, see Note e.
    • b 9:1 - The form of words here is greatly disputed. The grammatical order would require it to be translated 'the holy universal order;' but the word, it is contended, does not exist with this sense: I have not ventured so to translate it. I doubt it to be the same as kosmion, 'ornament.' Kosmos is 'the world,' from the order which is in it. The tabernacle represented all this order, the pattern of heavenly things. Hence, if kosmikon be used, a neuter adjective for a substantive, or coined in this use, it would mean 'the holy order of the tabernacle, which represented the vast scene in which God's glory is displayed in Christ.' If not, we must say, 'and the sanctuary, a worldly one.' 'A worldly sanctuary' is not the sense. 'A worldly sanctuary' it is not, according to regular grammar and the constant usage of the Greek language.
      2 For a tabernacle was set up; the first, in which [were] both the candlestick and the table and the exposition of the loaves, which is called Holy;
      3 but after the second veil a tabernacle which is called Holy of holies,
      4 having a golden censer, and the ark of the covenant, covered round in every part with gold, in which [were] the golden pot that had the manna, and the rod of Aaron that had sprouted, and the tables of the covenant;
      5 and above over it the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy-seat; concerning which it is not now [the time] to speak in detail.
      6 Now these things being thus ordered, into the first tabernacle the priests enter at all times, accomplishing the services;

      References for Hebrews 9:6

        • c 9:6 - Latreuo, as vers. 9,14; ch. 8.5; 10.2; 12.28; 13.10: see Note l, Matt. 4.10.
          7 but into the second, the high priest only, once a year, not without blood, which he offers for himself and for the errors of the people:

          References for Hebrews 9:7

            • d 9:7 - That is, 'sins of ignorance.'
              8 the Holy Spirit shewing this, that the way of the [holy of] holies has not yet been made manifest while as yet the first tabernacle has [its] standing;
              9 the which [is] an image for the present time, according to which both gifts and sacrifices, unable to perfect as to conscience him that worshipped, are offered,

              References for Hebrews 9:9

                • e 9:9 - 'which is such as is.'
                • f 9:9 - The present time (ver. 9) is opposed to the time of setting things right (ver. 10). The tabernacle is in view in Hebrews, not the temple; but the fact that offerings were then still made is recognized in what follows. He could not call it 'the present age' (a Jewish term for the age preceding the Messiah), because Messiah was come and he had been crucified; but the carnal ordinances were still offered, so that for the Hebrews it was not 'the age to come.' The 'image' could be only for a present time on earth. The patterns were in the heavens.
                • g 9:9 - Latreuo. 'Worship' is perhaps too strong, but 'service' is equivocal. It is to approach a god with prayers, or in offering up a religious service: see ver. 6.
                  10 [consisting] only of meats and drinks and divers washings, ordinances of flesh, imposed until [the] time of setting things right.
                  11 But Christ being come high priest of the good things to come, by the better and more perfect tabernacle not made with hand, (that is, not of this creation,)

                  References for Hebrews 9:11

                    • h 9:11 - The 'good things to come' are the promised blessings to come in with Christ. This Epistle, though addressed to Christians on most precious subjects, does not enter into proper assembly standing: it refers to the assembly in chs. 2 and 12.
                    • i 9:11 - Dia here gives the character of his coming. He came in the power of and characterized by these things. They are not the place through nor the means by which.
                    • j 9:11 - Or 'greater,' as ch. 6.13,16, &c.
                      12 nor by blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood, has entered in once for all into the [holy of] holies, having found an eternal redemption.

                      References for Hebrews 9:12

                        • k 9:12 - See Note l, ver. 11.
                          13 For if the blood of goats and bulls, and a heifer's ashes sprinkling the defiled, sanctifies for the purity of the flesh,
                          14 how much rather shall the blood of the Christ, who by the eternal Spirit offered himself spotless to God, purify your conscience from dead works to worship [the] living God?

                          References for Hebrews 9:14

                            • l 9:14 - See Note i, ver. 9.
                              15 And for this reason he is mediator of a new covenant, so that, death having taken place for redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, the called might receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

                              References for Hebrews 9:15

                                • m 9:15 - The absence of the article makes it characteristic of him: he is 'new (kainos) covenant mediator:' see 2Cor. 3.6.
                                  16 (For where [there is] a testament, the death of the testator must needs come in.

                                  References for Hebrews 9:16

                                    • n 9:16 - The word translated 'covenant' and 'testament' is the same; 'a disposition.' 'Covenant,' in connection with God, is a disposition which he has made, on the ground of which man is to be in relationship with him. But vers. 16,17, are a parenthesis, alluding, incidentally, to another kind of covenant.
                                      17 For a testament [is] of force when men are dead, since it is in no way of force while the testator is alive.)
                                      18 Whence neither the first was inaugurated without blood.
                                      19 For every commandment having been spoken according to [the] law by Moses to all the people; having taken the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, he sprinkled both the book itself and all the people,
                                      20 saying, This [is] the blood of the covenant which God has enjoined to you.
                                      21 And the tabernacle too and all the vessels of service he sprinkled in like manner with blood;
                                      22 and almost all things are purified with blood according to the law, and without blood-shedding there is no remission.
                                      23 [It was] necessary then that the figurative representations of the things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with sacrifices better than these.
                                      24 For the Christ is not entered into holy places made with hand, figures of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear before the face of God for us:

                                      References for Hebrews 9:24

                                        • o 9:24 - Antitupos, meaning the impression made by a die or stamp (tupos). The heavenly things were the original, 'the pattern,' copied (ch. 8.5), and so it was, as said to Moses. Hence they were the tupos; the tabernacle antitupos, here rendered 'figure,' what answered to it.
                                        • p 9:24 - Lit. 'to the face.'
                                          25 nor in order that he should offer himself often, as the high priest enters into the holy places every year with blood not his own;
                                          26 since he had [then] been obliged often to suffer from the foundation of the world. But now once in the consummation of the ages he has been manifested for [the] putting away of sin by his sacrifice.
                                          27 And forasmuch as it is the portion of men once to die, and after this judgment;
                                          28 thus the Christ also, having been once offered to bear the sins of many, shall appear to those that look for him the second time without sin for salvation.

                                          References for Hebrews 9:28

                                            • q 9:28 - 'Apart from,' having nothing more to do with it. The first time He bore our sins, and was made sin (being sinless); but now, having put sins wholly away for them who look for Him, and having made them partakers of the whole fruit of his sacrifice to put sin away, He appears to them without having to say, or need to have anything to say, to it. It is gone, as regards them, by his first coming.