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1 Go to now, ye rich, weep, howling over your miseries that [are] coming upon [you].
2 Your wealth is become rotten, and your garments moth-eaten.
3 Your gold and silver is eaten away, and their canker shall be for a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as fire. Ye have heaped up treasure in [the] last days.
4 Behold, the wages of your labourers, who have harvested your fields, wrongfully kept back by you, cry, and the cries of those that have reaped are entered into the ears of [the] Lord of sabaoth.

References for James 5:4

    • a 5:4 - i.e. Jehovah of hosts as Rom. 9.29.
      5 Ye have lived luxuriously on the earth and indulged yourselves; ye have nourished your hearts [as] in a day of slaughter;
      6 ye have condemned, ye have killed the just; he does not resist you.
      7 Have patience, therefore, brethren, till the coming of the Lord. Behold, the labourer awaits the precious fruit of the earth, having patience for it until it receive [the] early and [the] latter rain.

      References for James 5:7

        • b 5:7 - Two Greek words are translated 'patience' in the New Testament. In vers. 7 and 8 the verb makrothumeo, and in ver. 10 the noun makrothumia, as Heb. 6.12. In Rom. 2.4; 2Tim. 4.2; 1Pet. 3.20, this reads 'longsuffering' in this translation. In ver. 11 and elsewhere 'endurance' is hupomone, also translated 'patience' at times, according to the context. In general, makrothumia expresses patience in respect of persons, but hupomone in respect of things. The man who is 'longsuffering' (makrothumia) does not suffer himself easily to be provoked by injurious persons, or to be angered, 2Tim. 4.2. The man who is 'patient' (hupomone), though under great trials, bears up, and does not lose heart or courage, Rom. 5.3; 2Cor. 1.6.
          8 *Ye* also have patience: stablish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is drawn nigh.

          References for James 5:8

            • c 5:8 - Aorist: see Note a.
              9 Complain not one against another, brethren, that ye be not judged. Behold, the judge stands before the door.
              10 Take [as] an example, brethren, of suffering and having patience, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of [the] Lord.

              References for James 5:10

                • d 5:10 - See Note f, ver. 7.
                  11 Behold, we call them blessed who have endured. Ye have heard of the endurance of Job, and seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is full of tender compassion and pitiful.

                  References for James 5:11

                    • e 5:11 - Hupomone: see Note f, ver. 7.
                      12 But before all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, nor by the earth, nor by any other oath; but let your yea be yea, and your nay, nay, that ye do not fall under judgment.
                      13 Does any one among you suffer evil? let him pray. Is any happy? let him sing psalms.
                      14 Is any sick among you? let him call to [him] the elders of the assembly, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of [the] Lord;
                      15 and the prayer of faith shall heal the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he be one who has committed sins, it shall be forgiven him.
                      16 Confess therefore your offences to one another, and pray for one another, that ye may be healed. [The] fervent supplication of the righteous [man] has much power.

                      References for James 5:16

                        • f 5:16 - Lit. 'the.'
                        • g 5:16 - Or, 'operative,' 'working effectually,' if the word be taken as a participle, as elsewhere in the New Testament. The A.V. combines the two ideas, 'the effectual fervent prayer,' but it is hardly both. I do not think it is inwrought by spiritual power. It is the person who is 'fervent.'
                          17 Elias was a man of like passions to us, and he prayed with prayer that it should not rain; and it did not rain upon the earth three years and six months;
                          18 and again he prayed, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth caused its fruit to spring forth.
                          19 My brethren, if any one among you err from the truth, and one bring him back,
                          20 let him know that he that brings back a sinner from [the] error of his way shall save a soul from death and shall cover a multitude of sins.