4 For certain men have got in unnoticed, they who of old were marked out beforehand a to this sentence, b ungodly [persons], turning the grace of our God into dissoluteness, and denying our only Master and Lord Jesus Christ. c

References for Jude 1:4

    • c 1:4 - The article is used here with the perfect participle. The word signifies to appoint by notice beforehand, to fix by proclamation. They are the ones who of old were so noticed and marked out.
    • d 1:4 - Krima: not the act of condemnation, but the subject-matter on which they are condemned: see Note, 1Cor. 11.29.
    • e 1:4 - Or 'denying the only Master and our Lord Jesus Christ.' 'Master' is despotes: see Acts 4.24; 2Pet. 2.1.