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Compare Translations for Deuteronomy 15:3

Deuteronomy 15:3 ASV
Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it: but whatsoever of thine is with thy brother thy hand shall release.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 BBE
A man of another nation may be forced to make payment of his debt, but if your brother has anything of yours, let it go;
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Deuteronomy 15:3 CEB
You are allowed to demand payment from foreigners, but whatever is owed you from your fellow Israelites you must forgive.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 CJB
You may demand that a foreigner repay his debt, but you are to release your claim on whatever your brother owes you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 RHE
Of the foreigner or stranger thou mayst exact it: of thy countryman and neighbour thou shalt not have power to demand it again.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 ESV
Of a foreigner you may exact it, but whatever of yours is with your brother your hand shall release.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 GW
You may demand that a foreigner pay, but don't collect payment on the debt another Israelite still owes you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 GNT
You may collect what a foreigner owes you, but you must not collect what any of your own people owe you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 HNV
Of a foreigner you may exact it: but whatever of your is with your brother your hand shall release.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 CSB
You may collect [something] from a foreigner, but you must forgive whatever your brother owes you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 KJV
Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it again: but that which is thine with thy brother thine hand shall release ;
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Deuteronomy 15:3 LEB
[With respect to] the foreigner you may exact payment, but {you must remit} what shall be [owed] to you [with respect to] your brother.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 NAS
"From a foreigner you may exact it, but your hand shall release whatever of yours is with your brother.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 NCV
You may make a foreigner pay what is owed to you, but you must not collect what another Israelite owes you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 NIRV
You can require someone from another nation to pay you back. But you must forgive your own people what they owe you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 NIV
You may require payment from a foreigner, but you must cancel any debt your brother owes you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 NKJV
Of a foreigner you may require it; but you shall give up your claim to what is owed by your brother,
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Deuteronomy 15:3 NLT
This release from debt, however, applies only to your fellow Israelites -- not to the foreigners living among you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 NRS
Of a foreigner you may exact it, but you must remit your claim on whatever any member of your community owes you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 RSV
Of a foreigner you may exact it; but whatever of yours is with your brother your hand shall release.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 DBY
Of the foreigner thou mayest demand it; but what is thine with thy brother thy hand shall release;
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Deuteronomy 15:3 MSG
You may collect payment from foreigners, but whatever you have lent to your fellow Israelite you must write off.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 WBT
Of a foreigner thou mayest exact [it again]: but [that] which is thine with thy brother thy hand shall release:
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Deuteronomy 15:3 TMB
From a foreigner thou mayest exact it again; but that which is thine with thy brother thine hand shall release,
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Deuteronomy 15:3 TNIV
You may require payment from a foreigner, but you must cancel any debt one of your people owes you.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 TYN
yet of a straunger thou maist call it home agayne. But that which thou hast with thy brother thyne hande shall remytt,
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Deuteronomy 15:3 WEB
Of a foreigner you may exact it: but whatever of your is with your brother your hand shall release.
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Deuteronomy 15:3 WYC
Thou shalt ask it of a pilgrim, that is, a stranger, or he that is not of the faith of (the) Jews, and of a comeling; thou hast no power to ask (for) it of a citizen and of a neighbour; (Thou shalt ask for it from a foreigner, that is, from a stranger, or from he who is not of the faith of the Jews, and a newcomer; but thou hast no power to ask for it from a citizen, or from a neighbour.)
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Deuteronomy 15:3 YLT
of the stranger thou mayest exact, and that which is thine with thy brother doth thy hand release;
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Deuteronomy 15 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 15

The year of release. (1-11) Concerning the release of servants. (12-18) Respecting the firstlings of cattle. (19-23)

Verses 1-11 This year of release typified the grace of the gospel, in which is proclaimed the acceptable year of the Lord; and by which we obtain the release of our debts, that is, the pardon of our sins. The law is spiritual, and lays restraints upon the thoughts of the heart. We mistake, if we think thoughts are free from God's knowledge and check. That is a wicked heart indeed, which raises evil thoughts from the good law of God, as theirs did, who, because God had obliged them to the charity of forgiving, denied the charity of giving. Those who would keep from the act of sin, must keep out of their minds the very thought of sin. It is a dreadful thing to have the cry of the poor justly against us. Grudge not a kindness to thy brother; distrust not the providence of God. What thou doest, do freely, ( 2 Corinthians. 9:7 )

Verses 12-18 Here the law concerning Hebrew servants is repeated. There is an addition, requiring the masters to put some small stock into their servants' hands to set up with for themselves, when sent out of their servitude, wherein they had received no wages. We may expect family blessings, the springs of family prosperity, when we make conscience of our duty to our family relations. We are to remember that we are debtors to Divine justice, and have nothing to pay with. That we are slaves, poor, and perishing. But the Lord Jesus Christ, by becoming poor, and by shedding his blood, has made a full and free provision for the payment of our debts, the ransom of our souls, and the supply of all our wants. When the gospel is clearly preached, the acceptable year of the Lord is proclaimed; the year of release of our debts, of the deliverance of our souls, and of obtaining rest in him. And as faith in Christ and love to him prevail, they will triumph over the selfishness of the heart, and over the unkindness of the world, doing away the excuses that rise from unbelief, distrust, and covetousness.

Verses 19-23 Here is a direction what to do with the firstlings. We are not now limited as the Israelites were; we make no difference between a first calf, or lamb, and the rest. Let us then look to the gospel meaning of this law, devoting ourselves and the first of our time and strength to God; and using all our comforts and enjoyments to his praise, and under the direction of his law, as we have them all by his gift.

Deuteronomy 15 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 15

Deuteronomy 15:1-11 . THE SEVENTH YEAR, A YEAR OF RELEASE FOR THE POOR.

1. At the end of every seven years--during the last of the seven, that is, the sabbatical year ( Exodus 21:2 , 23:11 , Leviticus 25:4 , Jeremiah 34:14 ).

2. Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour shall release it--not by an absolute discharge of the debt, but by passing over that year without exacting payment. The relief was temporary and peculiar to that year during which there was a total suspension of agricultural labor.
he shall not exact it . . . of his brother--that is, an Israelite, so called in opposition to a stranger or foreigner.
because it is called the Lord's release--The reason for acquitting a debtor at that particular period proceeded from obedience to the command, and a regard for the honor, of God; an acknowledgment of holding their property of Him, and gratitude for His kindness.

3. Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it again--Admission to all the religious privileges of the Israelites was freely granted to heathen proselytes, though this spiritual incorporation did not always imply an equal participation of civil rights and privileges ( Leviticus 25:44 , Jeremiah 34:14 ; compare 1 Chronicles 22:2 , 2 Chronicles 2:17 ).

4. Save when there shall be no poor man among you--Apparently a qualifying clause added to limit the application of the foregoing statement [ Deuteronomy 15:3 ]; so that "the brother" to be released pointed to a poor borrower, whereas it is implied that if he were rich, the restoration of the loan might be demanded even during that year. But the words may properly be rendered (as on the Margin) to the end, in order that there may be no poor among you--that is, that none be reduced to inconvenient straits and poverty by unseasonable exaction of debts at a time when there was no labor and no produce, and that all may enjoy comfort and prosperity, which will be the case through the special blessing of God on the land, provided they are obedient.

7-11. If there be among you a poor man . . . thou shalt not harden thine heart--Lest the foregoing law should prevent the Israelites lending to the poor, Moses here admonishes them against so mean and selfish a spirit and exhorts them to give in a liberal spirit of charity and kindness, which will secure the divine blessing ( Romans 12:8 , 2 Corinthians 9:7 ).

11. For the poor shall never cease out of the land--Although every Israelite on the conquest of Canaan became the owner of property, yet in the providence of God who foresaw the event, it was permitted, partly as a punishment of disobedience and partly for the exercise of benevolent and charitable feelings, that "the poor should never cease out of the land."

Deuteronomy 15:12-19 . HEBREW SERVANTS' FREEDOM.

12. if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee--The last extremity of an insolvent debtor, when his house or land was not sufficient to cancel his debt, was to be sold as a slave with his family ( Leviticus 25:39 , 2 Kings 4:1 , Nehemiah 5:1-13 , Job 24:9 , Matthew 18:25 ). The term of servitude could not last beyond six years. They obtained their freedom either after six years from the time of their sale or before the end of the seventh year. At the year of jubilee, such slaves were emancipated even if their six years of service were not completed

13-15. thou shalt not let him go away empty--A seasonable and wise provision for enabling a poor unfortunate to regain his original status in society, and the motive urged for his kindness and humanity to the Hebrew slave was the remembrance that the whole nation was once a degraded and persecuted band of helots in Egypt. Thus, kindness towards their slaves, unparalleled elsewhere in those days, was inculcated by the Mosaic law; and in all their conduct towards persons in that reduced condition, leniency and gentleness were enforced by an appeal which no Israelite could resist.

16, 17. if he say unto thee, I will not go away from thee--If they declined to avail themselves of the privilege of release and chose to remain with their master, then by a peculiar form of ceremony they became a party to the transaction, voluntarily sold themselves to their employer, and continued in his service till death.

18. he hath been worth a double hired servant to thee--that is, he is entitled to double wages because his service was more advantageous to you, being both without wages and for a length of time, whereas hired servants were engaged yearly ( Leviticus 25:53 ), or at most for three years ( Isaiah 16:14 ).

19. All the firstling males of thy herd and of thy flock thou shalt sanctify unto the Lord thy see Exodus 22:30 ).
thou shalt do not work with the firstling of thy bullock--that is, the second firstlings (see Deuteronomy 12:17 Deuteronomy 12:18 , 14:23 ).