Compare Translations for Deuteronomy 19:1

Deuteronomy 19:1 ASV
When Jehovah thy God shall cut off the nations, whose land Jehovah thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;
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Deuteronomy 19:1 BBE
When the nations, whose land the Lord your God is giving you, have been cut off by him, and you have taken their place and are living in their towns and in their houses;
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Deuteronomy 19:1 CEB
Once the LORD your God has eliminated those nations—whose land the LORD your God is giving you—and you displace them, settling into their cities and their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 CJB
"When ADONAI your God cuts off the nations whose land ADONAI your God is giving you, and you take their place and settle in their cities and houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 RHE
When the Lord thy God hath destroyed the nations, whose land he will deliver to thee, and thou shalt possess it, and shalt dwell in the cities and houses thereof:
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Deuteronomy 19:1 ESV
"When the LORD your God cuts off the nations whose land the LORD your God is giving you, and you dispossess them and dwell in their cities and in their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 GW
The LORD your God will destroy all the nations that are living in the land that he's giving you. You will force them out and live in their cities and houses.
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Deuteronomy 19:1 GNT
"After the Lord your God has destroyed the people whose land he is giving you and after you have taken their cities and houses and settled there,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 HNV
When the LORD your God shall cut off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you succeed them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses;
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Deuteronomy 19:1 CSB
"When the Lord your God annihilates the nations whose land He is giving you, so that you drive them out and live in their cities and houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 KJV
When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;
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Deuteronomy 19:1 LEB
"When Yahweh your God has {exterminated} the nations [concerning whom] Yahweh your God [is] giving to you their land, and you have dispossessed them, and you have settled in their towns and in their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 NAS
"When the LORD your God cuts off the nations, whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you dispossess them and settle in their cities and in their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 NCV
When the Lord your God gives you land that belongs to the other nations, nations that he will destroy, you will force them out and live in their cities and houses.
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Deuteronomy 19:1 NIRV
The LORD your God will destroy the nations whose land he is giving you. You will drive them out. And you will settle down in their towns and houses.
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Deuteronomy 19:1 NIV
When the LORD your God has destroyed the nations whose land he is giving you, and when you have driven them out and settled in their towns and houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 NKJV
"When the Lord your God has cut off the nations whose land the Lord your God is giving you, and you dispossess them and dwell in their cities and in their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 NLT
"The LORD your God will soon destroy the nations whose land he is giving you, and you will displace them and settle in their towns and homes.
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Deuteronomy 19:1 NRS
When the Lord your God has cut off the nations whose land the Lord your God is giving you, and you have dispossessed them and settled in their towns and in their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 RSV
"When the LORD your God cuts off the nations whose land the LORD your God gives you, and you dispossess them and dwell in their cities and in their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 DBY
When Jehovah thy God hath cut off the nations whose land Jehovah thy God giveth thee, and thou hast dispossessed them, and dwellest in their cities and in their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 MSG
When God, your God, throws the nations out of the country that God, your God, is giving you and you settle down in their cities and houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 WBT
When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;
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Deuteronomy 19:1 TMB
"When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them and dwellest in their cities and in their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 TNIV
When the LORD your God has destroyed the nations whose land he is giving you, and when you have driven them out and settled in their towns and houses,
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Deuteronomy 19:1 TYN
When the Lorde thy Gad hath destroyed the nacyons whose londe the Lorde thy God geueth the, and thou hast conquered the and dwellest in their cities and in their housses:
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Deuteronomy 19:1 WEB
When Yahweh your God shall cut off the nations, whose land Yahweh your God gives you, and you succeed them, and dwell in their cities, and in their houses;
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Deuteronomy 19:1 WYC
When thy Lord God hath destroyed the folks, whose land he shall give to thee, and thou hast wielded it, and hast dwelled in the cities, and in [the] houses thereof;
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Deuteronomy 19:1 YLT
`When Jehovah thy God doth cut off the nations, whose land Jehovah thy God is giving to thee, and thou hast succeeded them, and dwelt in their cities, and in their houses,
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Deuteronomy 19 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 19

The cities of refuge, The man-slayer, The murderer. (1-13) Landmarks not to be removed. (14) The punishment of false witnesses. (15-21)

Verses 1-13 Here is the law settled between the blood of the murdered, and the blood of the murderer; provision is made, that the cities of refuge should be a protection, so that a man should not die for that as a crime, which was not his willing act. In Christ, the Lord our Righteousness, refuge is provided for those who by faith flee unto him. But there is no refuge in Jesus Christ for presumptuous sinners, who go on still in their trespasses. Those who flee to Christ from their sins, shall be safe in him, but not those who expect to be sheltered by him in their sins.

Verse 14 Direction is given to fix landmarks in Canaan. It is the will of God that every one should know his own; and that means should be used to hinder the doing and suffering of wrong. This, without doubt, is a moral precept, and still binding. Let every man be content with his own lot, and be just to his neighbours in all things.

Verses 15-21 Sentence should never be passed upon the testimony of one witness alone. A false witness should suffer the same punishment which he sought to have inflicted upon the person he accused. Nor could any law be more just. Let all Christians not only be cautious in bearing witness in public, but be careful not to join in private slanders; and let all whose consciences accuse them of crime, without delay flee for refuge to the hope set before them in Jesus Christ.

Deuteronomy 19 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 19

Deuteronomy 19:1-13 . OF THE CITIES OF REFUGE.

2. Thou shalt separate three cities for thee in the midst of thy land--Goelism, or the duty of the nearest kinsmen to avenge the death of a slaughtered relative, being the customary law of that age (as it still is among the Arabs and other people of the East), Moses incorporated it in an improved form with his legislative code. For the protection of the unintentional homicide, he provided certain cities of refuge--three had been destined for this purpose on the east of Jordan ( Deuteronomy 4:41 , Numbers 35:11 ); three were to be invested with the same privilege on the west of that river when Canaan should be conquered.
in the midst of thy land--in such a position that they would be conspicuous and accessible, and equidistant from the extremities of the land and from each other.

3. Thou shalt prepare thee a way--The roads leading to them were to be kept in good condition and the brooks or rivers to be spanned by good bridges; the width of the roads was to be thirty-two cubits; and at all the crossroads signposts were to be erected with the words, Mekeleth, Mekeleth, "refuge, refuge," painted on them.
divide the coasts of thy land . . . into three parts--the whole extent of the country from the south to the north. The three cities on each side of Jordan were opposite to each other, "as two rows of vines in a

6, 7. Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot--This verse is a continuation of Deuteronomy 19:3 (for Deuteronomy 19:4 Deuteronomy 19:5 , which are explanatory, are in a parenthetical form), and the meaning is that if the kinsman of a person inadvertently killed should, under the impulse of sudden excitement and without inquiring into the circumstances, inflict summary vengeance on the homicide, however guiltless, the law tolerated such an act; it was to pass with impunity. But to prevent such precipitate measures, the cities of refuge were established for the reception of the homicide, that "innocent blood might not be shed in thy land" ( Deuteronomy 19:10 ). In the case of premeditated murder ( Deuteronomy 19:11 Deuteronomy 19:12 ), they afforded no immunity; but, if it were only manslaughter, the moment the fugitive was within the gates, he found himself in a safe asylum ( Numbers 35:26-28 , Joshua 20:6 ).

8, 9. And if the Lord thy God enlarge thy coast--Three additional sanctuaries were to be established in the event of their territory extending over the country from Hermon and Gilead to the Euphrates (see Genesis 15:18 , Exodus 23:31 ). But it was obscurely hinted that this last provision would never be carried into effect, as the Israelites would not fulfil the conditions, namely, "that of keeping the commandments, to love the Lord, and walk ever in his ways." In point of fact, although that region was brought into subjection by David and Solomon, we do not find that cities of refuge were established; because those sovereigns only made the ancient inhabitants tributary, instead of sending a colony of Israelites to possess it. The privilege of sanctuary cities, however, was given only for Israelites; and besides, that conquered territory did not remain long under the power of the Hebrew kings.

Deuteronomy 19:14 . THE LANDMARK IS NOT TO BE REMOVED.

14. Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour's landmark, which they of old have set in thine inheritance--The state of Palestine in regard to enclosures is very much the same now as it has always been. Though gardens and vineyards are surrounded by dry-stone walls or hedges of prickly pear, the boundaries of arable fields are marked by nothing but by a little trench, a small cairn, or a single erect stone, placed at certain intervals. It is manifest that a dishonest person could easily fill the gutter with earth, or remove these stones a few feet without much risk of detection and so enlarge his own field by a stealthy encroachment on his neighbor's. This law, then, was made to prevent such trespasses.

Deuteronomy 19:15 . TWO WITNESSES REQUIRED.

15. One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity--The following rules to regulate the admission of testimony in public courts are founded on the principles of natural justice. A single witness shall not be admitted to the condemnation of an accused person.

Deuteronomy 19:16-21 . PUNISHMENT OF A FALSE WITNESS.

16-21. But if convicted of perjury, it will be sufficient for his own condemnation, and his punishment shall be exactly the same as would have overtaken the object of his malignant prosecution. see also Leviticus 24:20 ).