If brothers are living together and one of them dies without a son, his widow must not marry outside the family. Her husband's brother shall take her and marry her and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her.1
References for Deuteronomy 25:5
The first son she bears shall carry on the name of the dead brother so that his name will not be blotted out from Israel.2
References for Deuteronomy 25:6
However, if a man does not want to marry his brother's wife,3 she shall go to the elders at the town gate4 and say, "My husband's brother refuses to carry on his brother's name in Israel. He will not fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to me."5
References for Deuteronomy 25:7
Then the elders of his town shall summon him and talk to him. If he persists in saying, "I do not want to marry her,"
his brother's widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, take off one of his sandals,6 spit in his face7 and say, "This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother's family line."
References for Deuteronomy 25:9
That man's line shall be known in Israel as The Family of the Unsandaled.