Deuteronomy 25

1 When people have a dispute, they are to take it to court and the judges will decide the case, acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty.
2 If the guilty person deserves to be beaten, the judge shall make them lie down and have them flogged in his presence with the number of lashes the crime deserves,
3 but the judge must not impose more than forty lashes. If the guilty party is flogged more than that, your fellow Israelite will be degraded in your eyes.
4 Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.
5 If brothers are living together and one of them dies without a son, his widow must not marry outside the family. Her husband’s brother shall take her and marry her and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her.
6 The first son she bears shall carry on the name of the dead brother so that his name will not be blotted out from Israel.
7 However, if a man does not want to marry his brother’s wife, she shall go to the elders at the town gate and say, “My husband’s brother refuses to carry on his brother’s name in Israel. He will not fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to me.”
8 Then the elders of his town shall summon him and talk to him. If he persists in saying, “I do not want to marry her,”
9 his brother’s widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, take off one of his sandals, spit in his face and say, “This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother’s family line.”
10 That man’s line shall be known in Israel as The Family of the Unsandaled.
11 If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts,
12 you shall cut off her hand. Show her no pity.
13 Do not have two differing weights in your bag—one heavy, one light.
14 Do not have two differing measures in your house—one large, one small.
15 You must have accurate and honest weights and measures, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.
16 For the LORD your God detests anyone who does these things, anyone who deals dishonestly.
17 Remember what the Amalekites did to you along the way when you came out of Egypt.
18 When you were weary and worn out, they met you on your journey and attacked all who were lagging behind; they had no fear of God.
19 When the LORD your God gives you rest from all the enemies around you in the land he is giving you to possess as an inheritance, you shall blot out the name of Amalek from under heaven. Do not forget!

Deuteronomy 25 Commentary

Chapter 25

Extent of punishment. (1-3) The ox that treadeth the corn. (4) Marriage of a brother's wife. (5-12) Of unjust weights. (13-16) War against Amalek. (17-19)

Verses 1-3 Every punishment should be with solemnity, that those who see it may be filled with dread, and be warned not to offend in like manner. And though the criminals must be shamed as well as put to pain, for their warning and disgrace, yet care should be taken that they do not appear totally vile. Happy those who are chastened of the Lord to humble them, that they should not be condemned with the world to destruction.

Verse 4 This is a charge to husbandmen. It teaches us to make much of the animals that serve us. But we must learn, not only to be just, but kind to all who are employed for the good of our ( 1 Corinthians. 9:9 )

Verses 5-12 The custom here regulated seems to have been in the Jewish law in order to keep inheritances distinct; now it is unlawful.

Verses 13-16 Dishonest gain always brings a curse on men's property, families, and souls. Happy those who judge themselves, repent of and forsake their sins, and put away evil things, that they may not be condemned of the Lord.

Verses 17-19 Let every persecutor and injurer of God's people take warning from the case of the Amalekites. The longer it is before judgement comes, the more dreadful will it be at last. Amalek may remind us of the foes of our souls. May we be enabled to slay all our lusts, all the corruptions both within and without, all the powers of darkness and of the world, which oppose our way to the blessed Saviour.

Cross References 24

  • 1. S Exodus 21:6
  • 2. Deuteronomy 17:8-13; Deuteronomy 19:17; Acts 23:3
  • 3. 1 Kings 8:32
  • 4. S Exodus 23:7; Deuteronomy 1:16-17
  • 5. Proverbs 10:13; Proverbs 19:29; Luke 12:47-48
  • 6. Matthew 27:26; John 19:1; 2 Corinthians 11:24
  • 7. Jeremiah 20:2; Job 18:3
  • 8. S Numbers 22:29; Proverbs 12:10; 1 Corinthians 9:9*; 1 Timothy 5:18*
  • 9. Ruth 4:10,13; Matthew 22:24; Mark 12:19; Luke 20:28
  • 10. Genesis 38:9; Ruth 4:5,10
  • 11. Ruth 1:15
  • 12. S Genesis 23:10
  • 13. Ru 4:1-2,5-6
  • 14. Joshua 24:22; Ru 4:7-8,11
  • 15. Numbers 12:14; Job 17:6; Job 30:10; Isaiah 50:6
  • 16. S Deuteronomy 7:2; Deuteronomy 19:13
  • 17. Leviticus 19:35-37; Proverbs 11:1; Proverbs 20:23; Ezekiel 45:10; Micah 6:11
  • 18. S Exodus 20:12
  • 19. Proverbs 11:1
  • 20. S Genesis 36:12; Exodus 17:8
  • 21. Psalms 36:1; Romans 3:18
  • 22. S Exodus 33:14; Hebrews 3:18-19
  • 23. Esther 9:16
  • 24. S Genesis 36:12; 1 Samuel 15:2-3

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO DEUTERONOMY 25

Several laws are contained in this chapter, as concerning beating such whose crimes required it, De 25:1-3; of not muzzling the ox in treading out the corn, De 25:4; of marrying a deceased brother's wife, when there was no issue, and of the disgrace of such that refused it, De 25:5-10; of the punishment of an immodest woman, De 25:11,12; and against bad weights and measures, De 25:13-16; and for the utter destruction of Amalek, De 25:17-19.

Deuteronomy 25 Commentaries