The duty of preparing bread was usually, in ancient times, committed to the females or the slaves of the family ( Genesis 18:6 ; Leviticus 26:26 ; 1 Samuel 8:13 ); but at a later period we find a class of public bakers mentioned ( Hosea 7:4 Hosea 7:6 ; Jeremiah 37:21 ).
The bread was generally in the form of long or round cakes ( Exodus 29:23 ; 1 Samuel 2:36 ), of a thinness that rendered them easily broken ( Isaiah 58:7 ; Matthew 14:19 ; 26:26 ; Acts 20:11 ). Common ovens were generally used; at other times a jar was half-filled with hot pebbles, and the dough was spread over them. Hence we read of "cakes baken on the coals" ( 1 Kings 19:6 ), and "baken in the oven" ( Leviticus 2:4 ). (See BREAD .)