Heb. goel, from root meaning to redeem. The goel among the Hebrews was the nearest male blood relation alive. Certain important obligations devolved upon him toward his next of kin. If any one from poverty was unable to redeem his inheritance, it was the duty of the kinsman to redeem it ( Leviticus 25:25 Leviticus 25:28 ; Ruth 3:9 Ruth 3:12 ). He was also required to redeem his relation who had sold himself into slavery ( Leviticus 25:48 Leviticus 25:49 ).
God is the Goel of his people because he redeems them ( Exodus 6:6 ; Isaiah 43:1 ; 41:14 ; Isaiah 44:6 Isaiah 44:22 ; 48:20 ; Psalms 103:4 ; Job 19:25 , etc.).
The goel also was the avenger (q.v.) of blood ( Numbers 35:21 ) in the case of the murder of the next of kin.
These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
Bibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for Kinsman". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .