the fruit of the olive-tree. This tree yielded oil which was highly valued. The best oil was from olives that were plucked before being fully ripe, and then beaten or squeezed ( Deuteronomy 24:20 ; Isaiah 17:6 ; 24:13 ). It was called "beaten," or "fresh oil" ( Exodus 27:20 ). There were also oil-presses, in which the oil was trodden out by the feet ( Micah 6:15 ). ( James 3:12 ) calls the fruit "olive berries." The phrase "vineyards and olives" (Judg. 15:5 , A.V.) should be simply "olive-yard," or "olive-garden," as in the Revised Version. (See OIL .)
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary
Bibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for Olive". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".