scorpions, probably the general name given to the ridge containing the pass between the south of the Dead Sea and Zin, es-Sufah, by which there is an ascent to the level of the land of Palestine. Scorpions are said to abound in this whole district, and hence the name ( Numbers 34:4 ). It is called "Maaleh-acrabbim" in Joshua 15:3 , and "the ascent of Akrabbim" in Numbers 34:4 .
(the ascent of , or the going up to ); also MAALEH-ACRABBIM (the scorpion pass ), a pass between the south end of the Dead Sea and Zin, forming one of the landmarks on the south boundary at once of Judah, ( Joshua 15:3 ) and of the Holy Land. ( Numbers 34:4 ) Also the boundary of the Amorites. ( Judges 1:36 ) As to the name, scorpions abound in the whole of this district.
ak-rab'-im (once in the King James Version, Acrabbim (Joshua 15:3); `aqrabbim, "scorpions"):
Three times found (Numbers 34:4; Joshua 15:3; Judges 1:36), and always with ma`aleh, "ascent" or "pass"; and so "Ascent of the Scorpions," an ascent at the Southwest point of the Dead Sea and a part of the boundary line between Judah and Edom. At this pass Judas Maccabeus won a victory over the Edomites (1 Macc 5:3), called in the King James Version, Arabattine.
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