We are currently undergoing maintenance, all user specific funtions will be disabled for a short time. Sorry for the inconvenience.



  • Heb. 'eseb, any green plant; herbage ( Genesis 1:11 Genesis 1:12 Genesis 1:29 Genesis 1:30 ; 2:5 ; 3:18 , etc.); comprehending vegetables and all green herbage ( Amos 7:1 Amos 7:2 ).

  • Yarak , green; any green thing; foliage of trees ( 2 Kings 19:26 ; Psalms 37:2 ); a plant; herb ( Deuteronomy 11:10 ).

  • Or , meaning "light" In Isaiah 26:19 it means "green herbs;" in 2 Kings 4:39 probably the fruit of some plant.

  • Merorim , plural, "bitter herbs," eaten by the Israelites at the Passover ( Exodus 12:8 ; Numbers 9:11 ). They were bitter plants of various sorts, and referred symbolically to the oppression in Egypt.

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Herb". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • HERB

    hurb, urb:

    (1) yaraq, "green thing" (Exodus 10:15; Isaiah 15:6); a garden of herbs" (Deuteronomy 11:10; 1 Kings 21:2); "(a dinner, the margin portion of) herbs" (Proverbs 15:17).

    (2) `esebh; compare Arabic `ushb, "herbage," "grass," etc.; "herbs yielding seed" (Genesis 1:11); "herbage" for food (Genesis 1:30; Jeremiah 14:6); translated "grass" (Deuteronomy 11:15; Amos 7:2); "herbs" (Proverbs 27:25, etc.).

    (3) deshe', translated "herb" (2 Kings 19:26; Proverbs 27:25; Isaiah 37:27; 66:14 the King James Version), but generally GRASS (which see).

    (4) chatsir, vegetation generally, but translated GRASS (which see).

    (5) 'oroth, 'owroth (plural only), "green plants" or "herbs." In 2 Kings 4:39 the Talmud interprets it to mean "colewort," but it may mean any edible herbs which had survived the drought. In Isaiah 26:19 the expression "dew of herbs" is in the margin translated "dew of light" which is more probable (see DEW), and the translation "heat upon herbs" (Isaiah 18:4 the King James Version) is in the Revised Version (British and American) translated "clear heat in sunshine."

    (6) botane (Hebrews 6:7).

    (7) lachana = yaraq (Matthew 13:32).

    See also BITTER HERBS.

    E. W. G. Masterman

    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'HERB'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.