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Michal

Michal [N] [H] [S]

rivulet, or who as God?, the younger of Saul's two daughters by his wife Ahinoam ( 1 Samuel 14:49 1 Samuel 14:50 ). "Attracted by the graces of his person and the gallantry of his conduct, she fell in love with David and became his wife" ( 18:20-28 ). She showed her affection for him by promoting his escape to Naioth when Saul sought his life ( 1 Samuel 19:12-17 . Compare Psalms 59 . See TERAPHIM). After this she did not see David for many years. Meanwhile she was given in marriage to another man, Phalti or Phaltiel of Gallim ( 1 Samuel 25:44 ), but David afterwards formally reclaimed her as his lawful wife ( 2 Samuel 3:13-16 ). The relation between her and David soon after this was altered. They became alienated from each other. This happened on that memorable day when the ark was brought up in great triumph from its temporary resting-place to the Holy City. In David's conduct on that occasion she saw nothing but a needless humiliation of the royal dignity ( 1 Chronicles 15:29 ). She remained childless, and thus the races of David and Saul were not mixed. In 2 Samuel 21:8 her name again occurs, but the name Merab should probably be here substituted for Michal (Compare 1 Samuel 18:19 ).

These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Michal". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

Michal [N] [E] [S]

who is perfect?
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Michal'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

Michal [N] [E] [H]

(who is like God? ), the younger of Sauls two daughters, ( 1 Samuel 14:49 ) who married David. The price fixed on Michals hand was no less than the slaughter of a hundred Philistines. David by a brilliant feat doubled the tale of victims, and Michal became his wife. Shortly afterward she saved David from the assassins whom her father had sent to take his life. ( 1 Samuel 19:11-17 ) When the rupture between Saul and David had become open and incurable, she was married to another man, Phalti or Phaltiel of Gallim. ( 1 Samuel 25:44 ) After the death of her father and brothers at Gilboa, David compelled her new husband to surrender Michal to him. ( 2 Samuel 3:13-16 ) How Michal comported herself in the altered circumstances of Davids household we are not told; but it is plain from the subsequent occurrences that something had happened to alter the relations of herself and David, for on the day of Davids greatest triumph, when he brought the ark of Jehovah to Jerusalem, we are told that "she despised him in her heart." All intercourse between her and David ceased from that date. ( 2 Samuel 6:20-23 ) Her name appears, ( 2 Samuel 21:8 ) as the mother of five of the grandchildren of Saul.


[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
[H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

Bibliography Information

Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Michal'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

MICHAL

mi'-kal (mikhal, contracted from mikha'el, "Michael" (which see); Melchol):

Saul's younger daughter (1 Samuel 14:49), who, falling in love with David after his victory over Goliath (1 Samuel 18:20), was at last, on the payment of double the dowry asked, married to him (1 Samuel 18:27). Her love was soon put to the test. When Saul in his jealousy sent for David, she was quick to discern her husband's danger, connived at his escape, and not only outwitted and delayed the messengers, but afterward also soothed her father's jealous wrath (1 Samuel 19:11-17). When David was outlawed and exiled, she was married to Palti or Paltiel, the son of Laish of Gallim (1 Samuel 25:44), but was, despite Palti's sorrowful protest, forcibly restored to David on his return as king (2 Samuel 3:14-16). The next scene in which she figures indicates that her love had cooled and had even turned to disdain, for after David's enthusiastic joy and ecstatic dancing before the newly restored Ark of the Covenant, she received him with bitter and scornful mockery (2 Samuel 6:20), and the record closes with the fact that she remained all her life childless (2 Samuel 6:23; compare 2 Samuel 21:8 where Michal is an obvious mistake for Merab). Michal was evidently a woman of unusual strength of mind and decision of character. She manifested her love in an age when it was almost an unheard-of thing for a woman to take the initiative in such a matter. For the sake of the man whom she loved too she braved her father's wrath and risked her own life. Even her later mockery of David affords proof of her courage, and almost suggests the inference that she had resented being treated as a chattel and thrown from one husband to another. The modern reader can scarce withhold from her, if not admiration, at least a slight tribute of sympathy.

John A. Lees


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'MICHAL'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.