(Heb. shebet = Gr. skeptron), properly a staff or rod. As a symbol of authority, the use of the sceptre originated in the idea that the ruler was as a shepherd of his people ( Genesis 49:10 ; Numbers 24:17 ; Psalms 45:6 ; Isaiah 14:5 ). There is no example on record of a sceptre having ever been actually handled by a Jewish king.
This word originally meant a rod or staff . It was thence specifically applied to the shepherds crook, ( Leviticus 27:32 ; Micah 7:14 ) and to the wand or sceptre of a ruler. The allusions to it are all of a metaphorical character, and describe it simply as one of the insignia of supreme power. ( Genesis 49:10 ) We are consequently unable to describe the article from any biblical notice we may infer that it was probably made of wood. The sceptre of the Persian monarch is described as "golden" i.e. probably of massive gold. ( Esther 4:11 ) [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary