Esther 3:1-11 NIV

Haman's Plot to Destroy the Jews

1 After these events, King Xerxes honored Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite,1 elevating him and giving him a seat of honor higher than that of all the other nobles.

References for Esther 3:1

2 All the royal officials at the king's gate knelt down and paid honor to Haman, for the king had commanded this concerning him. But Mordecai would not kneel down or pay him honor.
3 Then the royal officials at the king's gate asked Mordecai, "Why do you disobey the king's command?"2

References for Esther 3:3

4 Day after day they spoke to him but he refused to comply.3 Therefore they told Haman about it to see whether Mordecai's behavior would be tolerated, for he had told them he was a Jew.

References for Esther 3:4

5 When Haman saw that Mordecai would not kneel down or pay him honor, he was enraged.4

References for Esther 3:5

6 Yet having learned who Mordecai's people were, he scorned the idea of killing only Mordecai. Instead Haman looked for a way5 to destroy6 all Mordecai's people, the Jews,7 throughout the whole kingdom of Xerxes.

References for Esther 3:6

7 In the twelfth year of King Xerxes, in the first month, the month of Nisan, they cast the "pur"8 (that is, the lot9) in the presence of Haman to select a day and month. And the lot fell ona the twelfth month, the month of Adar.10

References for Esther 3:7

    • a 3:7 - Septuagint; Hebrew does not have "And the lot fell on."
      8 Then Haman said to King Xerxes, "There is a certain people dispersed and scattered among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom whose customs11 are different from those of all other people and who do not obey12 the king's laws; it is not in the king's best interest to tolerate them.13

      References for Esther 3:8

      9 If it pleases the king, let a decree be issued to destroy them, and I will put ten thousand talentsb of silver into the royal treasury for the men who carry out this business."14

      References for Esther 3:9

        • b 3:9 - That is, about 375 tons (about 345 metric tons)
          10 So the king took his signet ring15 from his finger and gave it to Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews.

          References for Esther 3:10

          11 "Keep the money," the king said to Haman, "and do with the people as you please."