1Then 2Satan stood against Israel and incited David to number Israel.
References for 1 Chronicles 21:1
So David said to Joab and the commanders of the army, "Go, number Israel, from Beersheba to Dan, and bring me a report, that I may know their number."
But Joab said, "May the LORD add to his people a hundred times as many as they are! Are they not, my lord the king, all of them my lord's servants? Why then should my lord require this? Why should it be a cause of guilt for Israel?"
But the king's word prevailed against Joab. So Joab departed and went throughout all Israel and came back to Jerusalem.
And Joab gave the sum of the numbering of the people to David. In all Israel there were 3 1,100,000 men who drew the sword, and in Judah 4 470,000 who drew the sword.
References for 1 Chronicles 21:5