"The former things 1I declared of old; they went out from my mouth, and I announced them; then suddenly I did them, and they came to pass.
Because I know that 2you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew and your forehead brass,
53I declared them to you from of old, before they came to pass I announced them to you, lest you should say, 4'My idol did them, my carved image and my metal image commanded them.'
"You have heard; now see all this; and will you not declare it? From this time forth 5I announce to you new things, hidden things that you have not known.
They are created now, not long ago; before today you have never heard of them, lest you should say, 'Behold, I knew them.'
You have never heard, you have never known, from of old your ear has not been opened. For I knew that you would surely deal treacherously, and that 6from before birth you were called a rebel.
97"For my name's sake I defer my anger, for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you, that I may not cut you off.
Behold, I have refined you, 8but not as silver; 9I have trieda you in the furnace of affliction.
1110For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it, for how should my nameb be profaned? 11My glory I will not give to another.
"Listen to me, O Jacob, and Israel, whom I called! I am he; 12I am the first, and I am the last.
My hand 13laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand 14spread out the heavens; 15when I call to them, they stand forth together.