Ezekiel 45 NIV

Division of the Land

1 " 'When you allot the land as an inheritance,1 you are to present to the LORD a portion of the land as a sacred district, 25,000 cubits long and 20,000a cubits wide; the entire area will be holy.2

References for Ezekiel 45:1

    • a 45:1 - Septuagint (see also verses 3 and 5 and 48:9); Hebrew "10,000"
      2 Of this, a section 500 cubits square3 is to be for the sanctuary, with 50 cubits around it for open land.

      References for Ezekiel 45:2

      3 In the sacred district, measure off a section 25,000 cubitsb long and 10,000 cubitsc wide. In it will be the sanctuary, the Most Holy Place.

      References for Ezekiel 45:3

        • b 45:3 - That is, about 7 miles (about 12 kilometers)
        • c 45:3 - That is, about 3 miles (about 5 kilometers)
          4 It will be the sacred portion of the land for the priests,4 who minister in the sanctuary and who draw near to minister before the LORD. It will be a place for their houses as well as a holy place for the sanctuary.5

          References for Ezekiel 45:4

          5 An area 25,000 cubits long and 10,000 cubits wide will belong to the Levites, who serve in the temple, as their possession for towns to live in.d6

          References for Ezekiel 45:5

            • d 45:5 - Septuagint; Hebrew "temple; they will have as their possession 20 rooms"
              6 " 'You are to give the city as its property an area "5,000 cubits wide and 25,000 cubits long, adjoining the sacred portion; it will belong to the whole house of Israel.7

              References for Ezekiel 45:6

              7 " 'The prince will have the land bordering each side of the area formed by the sacred district and the property of the city. It will extend westward from the west side and eastward from the east side, running lengthwise from the western to the eastern border parallel to one of the tribal portions.8

              References for Ezekiel 45:7

              8 This land will be his possession in Israel. And my princes will no longer oppress my people but will allow the house of Israel to possess the land according to their tribes.9

              References for Ezekiel 45:8

              9 " 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: You have gone far enough, O princes of Israel! Give up your violence and oppression10 and do what is just and right.11 Stop dispossessing my people, declares the Sovereign LORD.

              References for Ezekiel 45:9

              10 You are to use accurate scales,12 an accurate ephahe13 and an accurate bath.f

              References for Ezekiel 45:10

                • e 45:10 - An ephah was a dry measure.
                • f 45:10 - A bath was a liquid measure.
                  11 The ephah14 and the bath are to be the same size, the bath containing a tenth of a homerg and the ephah a tenth of a homer; the homer is to be the standard measure for both.

                  References for Ezekiel 45:11

                    • g 45:11 - A homer was a dry measure.
                      12 The shekelh is to consist of twenty gerahs.15 Twenty shekels plus twenty-five shekels plus fifteen shekels equal one mina.i

                      References for Ezekiel 45:12

                        • h 45:12 - A shekel weighed about 2/5 ounce (about 11.5 grams).
                        • i 45:12 - That is, 60 shekels; the common mina was 50 shekels.

                          Offerings and Holy Days

                          13 " 'This is the special gift you are to offer: a sixth of an ephah from each homer of wheat and a sixth of an ephah from each homer of barley.

                          References for Ezekiel 45:13

                              14 The prescribed portion of oil, measured by the bath, is a tenth of a bath from each cor (which consists of ten baths or one homer, for ten baths are equivalent to a homer).
                              15 Also one sheep is to be taken from every flock of two hundred from the well-watered pastures of Israel. These will be used for the grain offerings, burnt offerings16 and fellowship offeringsj to make atonement17 for the people, declares the Sovereign LORD.

                              References for Ezekiel 45:15

                                • j 45:15 - Traditionally "peace offerings"; also in verse 17
                                  16 All the people of the land will participate in this special gift for the use of the prince in Israel.
                                  17 It will be the duty of the prince to provide the burnt offerings, grain offerings and drink offerings at the festivals, the New Moons18 and the Sabbaths19--at all the appointed feasts of the house of Israel. He will provide the sin offerings, grain offerings, burnt offerings and fellowship offerings to make atonement for the house of Israel.20

                                  References for Ezekiel 45:17

                                  18 " 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: In the first month21 on the first day you are to take a young bull without defect22 and purify the sanctuary.23

                                  References for Ezekiel 45:18

                                  19 The priest is to take some of the blood of the sin offering and put it on the doorposts of the temple, on the four corners of the upper ledge24 of the altar25 and on the gateposts of the inner court.

                                  References for Ezekiel 45:19

                                  20 You are to do the same on the seventh day of the month for anyone who sins unintentionally26 or through ignorance; so you are to make atonement for the temple.

                                  References for Ezekiel 45:20

                                  21 " 'In the first month on the fourteenth day you are to observe the Passover,27 a feast lasting seven days, during which you shall eat bread made without yeast.

                                  References for Ezekiel 45:21

                                  22 On that day the prince is to provide a bull as a sin offering for himself and for all the people of the land.28

                                  References for Ezekiel 45:22

                                  23 Every day during the seven days of the Feast he is to provide seven bulls and seven rams29 without defect as a burnt offering to the LORD, and a male goat for a sin offering.30

                                  References for Ezekiel 45:23

                                  24 He is to provide as a grain offering31 an ephah for each bull and an ephah for each ram, along with a hink of oil for each ephah.32

                                  References for Ezekiel 45:24

                                    • k 45:24 - That is, probably about 4 quarts (about 4 liters)
                                      25 " 'During the seven days of the Feast,33 which begins in the seventh month on the fifteenth day, he is to make the same provision for sin offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings and oil.34

                                      References for Ezekiel 45:25