Again he began to teach by the seaside. A great multitude was gathered to him, so that he entered into a boat in the sea, and sat down. All the multitude were on the land by the sea.
He taught them many things in parables, and told them in his teaching,
"Listen! Behold, the farmer went forth to sow,
and it happened, as he sowed, some seed fell by the road, and the birds came and devoured it.
Others fell on the rocky ground, where it had little soil, and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of soil.
When the sun had risen, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
Others fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.
Others fell into the good ground, and yielded fruit, growing up and increasing. Some brought forth thirty times, some sixty times, and some one hundred times as much."
He said, "Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear."
When he was alone, those who were around him with the twelve asked him about the parables.
He said to them, "To you is given the mystery of the kingdom of God, but to those who are outside, all things are done in parables,
that 'seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest perhaps they should turn again, and their sins should be forgiven them.'"
He said to them, "Don't you understand this parable? How will you understand all of the parables?
The farmer sows the word.
These are the ones by the road, where the word is sown; and when they have heard, immediately Hasatan comes, and takes away the word which has been sown in them.
These in like manner are those who are sown on the rocky places, who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with joy.
They have no root in themselves, but endure for a while, then, when oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately they stumble.
Others are those who are sown among the thorns. These are those who have heard the word,
and the cares of this age, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.
These are those who were sown on the good ground: such as hear the word, and accept it, and bear fruit, some thirty times, some sixty times, and some one hundred times."
He said to them, "Is the lamp brought to be put under a basket or under a bed? Isn't it put on a menorah?
For there is nothing hidden, except that it should be made known; neither was anything made secret, but that it should come to light.
If any man has ears to hear, let him hear."
He said to them, "Take heed what you hear. With whatever measure you measure, it will be measured to you, and more will be given to you who hear.
For whoever has, to him will more be given, and he who doesn't have, from him will be taken away even that which he has."
He said, "So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed on the eretz,
and should sleep and rise night and day, and the seed should spring up and grow, he doesn't know how.
For the eretz bears fruit: first the blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear.
But when the fruit is ripe, immediately he puts forth the sickle, because the harvest has come."
He said, "How will we liken the kingdom of God? Or by what parable will we compare it?
It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the eretz, though it is less than all the seeds that are on the eretz,
yet when it is sown, grows up, and becomes greater than all the herbs, and puts out great branches, so that the birds of the sky can lodge under its shadow."
With many such parables he spoke the word to them, as they were able to hear it.
Without a parable he didn't speak to them; but privately to his own talmidim he explained all things.