Compare Translations for Jeremiah 38:19

Jeremiah 38:19 ASV
And Zedekiah the king said unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that are fallen away to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.
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Jeremiah 38:19 BBE
And King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, I am troubled on account of the Jews who have gone over to the Chaldaeans, for fear that they may give me up to them and they will put me to shame.
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Jeremiah 38:19 CEB
King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I'm afraid that I will fall into the hands of the Judeans who have defected to the Babylonians, and they will torture me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 CJB
Tzidkiyahu the king said to Yirmeyahu, "I am afraid of the Judeans who deserted to the Kasdim. The Kasdim might hand me over to them, and they would mistreat me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 RHE
And king Sedecias said to Jeremias: I am afraid because of the Jews that are fled over to the Chaldeans: lest I should be delivered into their hands, and they should abuse me.
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Jeremiah 38:19 ESV
King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I am afraid of the Judeans who have deserted to the Chaldeans, lest I be handed over to them and they deal cruelly with me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 GW
King Zedekiah answered Jeremiah, "I'm afraid of the Jews who have deserted to the Babylonians. The Babylonians may hand me over to them, and they will torture me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 GNT
But the king answered, "I am afraid of our own people who have deserted to the Babylonians. I may be handed over to them and tortured."
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Jeremiah 38:19 HNV
Tzidkiyahu the king said to Yirmeyahu, I am afraid of the Yehudim who are fallen away to the Kasdim, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.
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Jeremiah 38:19 CSB
But King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I am worried about the Judeans who have deserted to the Chaldeans. They may hand me over to them to abuse me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 KJV
And Zedekiah the king said unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that are fallen to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.
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Jeremiah 38:19 LEB
And Zedekiah the king said to Jeremiah, "I [am] afraid of the Judeans who have deserted to the Chaldeans, lest they give me into their hand and they abuse me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 NAS
Then King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I dread the Jews who have gone over to the Chaldeans, for they may give me over into their hand and they will abuse me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 NCV
Then King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I'm afraid of some Jews who have already gone over to the side of the Babylonian army. If the Babylonians hand me over to them, they will treat me badly."
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Jeremiah 38:19 NIRV
King Zedekiah said to me, "I'm afraid of some of the Jews. They are the ones who have gone over to the side of the Babylonians. The Babylonians might hand me over to them. And those Jews will treat me badly."
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Jeremiah 38:19 NIV
King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I am afraid of the Jews who have gone over to the Babylonians, for the Babylonians may hand me over to them and they will mistreat me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 NKJV
And Zedekiah the king said to Jeremiah, "I am afraid of the Jews who have defected to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they abuse me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 NLT
"But I am afraid to surrender," the king said, "for the Babylonians will hand me over to the Judeans who have defected to them. And who knows what they will do to me?"
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Jeremiah 38:19 NRS
King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I am afraid of the Judeans who have deserted to the Chaldeans, for I might be handed over to them and they would abuse me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 RSV
King Zedeki'ah said to Jeremiah, "I am afraid of the Jews who have deserted to the Chalde'ans, lest I be handed over to them and they abuse me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 DBY
And king Zedekiah said unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that have deserted to the Chaldeans, lest they give me over into their hand, and they mock me.
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Jeremiah 38:19 MSG
King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "But I'm afraid of the Judeans who have already deserted to the Chaldeans. If they get hold of me, they'll rough me up good."
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Jeremiah 38:19 WBT
And Zedekiah the king said to Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that have fallen to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.
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Jeremiah 38:19 TMB
And Zedekiah the king said unto Jeremiah, "I am afraid of the Jews who are fallen to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 TNIV
King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I am afraid of the Jews who have gone over to the Babylonians, for the Babylonians may hand me over to them and they will mistreat me."
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Jeremiah 38:19 WEB
Zedekiah the king said to Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews who are fallen away to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.
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Jeremiah 38:19 WYC
And king Zedekiah said to Jeremy, I am anguished for the Jews that fled over to [the] Chaldees, lest peradventure I be betaken into the hands of them, and they scorn me. (And King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, I am anguished about the Jews who fled over to the Chaldeans, lest perhaps I be delivered into their hands, and they mock me/and they harm me.)
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Jeremiah 38:19 YLT
And the king Zedekiah saith unto Jeremiah, `I am fearing the Jews who have fallen unto the Chaldeans, lest they give me into their hand, and they have insulted me.'
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Jeremiah 38 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 38

Jeremiah is cast into a dungeon, from whence he is delivered by an Ethiopian. (1-13) He advises the king to surrender to the Chaldeans. (14-28)

Verses 1-13 Jeremiah went on in his plain preaching. The princes went on in their malice. It is common for wicked people to look upon God's faithful ministers as enemies, because they show what enemies the wicked are to themselves while impenitent. Jeremiah was put into a dungeon. Many of God's faithful witnesses have been privately made away in prisons. Ebed-melech was an Ethiopian; yet he spoke to the king faithfully, These men have done ill in all they have done to Jeremiah. See how God can raise up friends for his people in distress. Orders were given for the prophet's release, and Ebed-melech saw him drawn up. Let this encourage us to appear boldly for God. Special notice is taken of his tenderness for Jeremiah. What do we behold in the different characters then, but the same we behold in the different characters now, that the Lord's children are conformed to his example, and the children of Satan to their master?

Verses 14-28 Jeremiah was not forward to repeat the warnings, which seemed only to endanger his own life, and to add to the king's guilt, but asked whether he feared to do the will of God. The less men fear God, the more they fear men; often they dare not act according to their own judgments and consciences.

Jeremiah 38 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 38

Jeremiah 38:1-28 . JEREMIAH PREDICTS THE CAPTURE OF JERUSALEM, FOR WHICH HE IS CAST INTO A DUNGEON, BUT IS TRANSFERRED TO THE PRISON COURT ON THE INTERCESSION OF EBED-MELECH, AND HAS A SECRET INTERVIEW WITH ZEDEKIAH.

All this was subsequent to his imprisonment in Jonathan's house, and his release on his interview with Zedekiah. The latter occurred before the return of the Chaldeans to the siege; the similar events in this chapter occurred after it.

1. Jucal--Jehucal ( Jeremiah 37:3 ).
Pashur--( Jeremiah 21:1 ; compare Jeremiah 21:9 with Jeremiah 38:2 ). The deputation in Jeremiah 21:1 , to whom Jeremiah gave this reply, if not identical with the hearers of Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 38:1 ), must have been sent just before the latter "heard" him speaking the same words. Zephaniah is not mentioned here as in Jeremiah 21:1 , but is so in Jeremiah 37:3 . Jucal is mentioned here and in the previous deputation ( Jeremiah 37:3 ), but not in Jeremiah 21:1 . Shephatiah and Gedaliah here do not occur either in Jeremiah 21:1 or Jeremiah 37:3 . The identity of his words in both cases is natural, when uttered, at a very short interval, and one of the hearers (Pashur) being present on both occasions.
unto all the people--They had free access to him in the court of the prison ( Jeremiah 32:12 ).

2. life . . . a prey--He shall escape with his life; though losing all else in a shipwreck, he shall carry off his life as his gain, saved by his going over to the Chaldeans.

4. Had Jeremiah not had a divine commission, he might justly have been accused of treason; but having one, which made the result of the siege certain, he acted humanely as interpreter of God's will under the theocracy, in advising surrender (compare Jeremiah 26:11 ).

5. the king is not he--Zedekiah was a weak prince, and now in his straits afraid to oppose his princes. He hides his dislike of their overweening power, which prevented him shielding Jeremiah as he would have wished, under complimentary speeches. "It is not right that the king should deny aught to such faithful and wise statesmen"; the king is not such a one as to deny you your wishes [JEROME].

6. dungeon--literally, the "cistern." It was not a subterranean prison as that in Jonathan's house ( Jeremiah 37:15 ), but a pit or cistern, which had been full of water, but was emptied of it during the siege, so that only "mire" remained. Such empty cisterns were often used as prisons ( Zechariah 9:11 ); the depth forbade hope of escape.
Hammelech--( Jeremiah 36:26 ). His son followed in the father's steps, a ready tool for evil.
sunk in the mire--Jeremiah herein was a type of Messiah ( Psalms 69:2 Psalms 69:14 ). "I sink in deep mire," &c.

7. Ebed-melech--The Hebrew designation given this Ethiopian, meaning "king's servant." Already, even at this early time, God wished to show what good reason there was for calling the Gentiles to salvation. An Ethiopian stranger saves the prophet whom his own countrymen, the Jews, tried to destroy. So the Gentiles believed in Christ whom the Jews crucified, and Ethiopians were among the earliest converts ( Acts 2:10 Acts 2:41 , 8:27-39 ). Ebed-melech probably was keeper of the royal harem, and so had private access to the king. The eunuchs over harems in the present day are mostly from Nubia or Abyssinia.

8. went forth . . . and spake--not privately, but in public; a proof of fearless magnanimity.

9. die for hunger in the place where he is; for . . . no . . . bread in . . . city--(Compare Jeremiah 37:21 ). He had heretofore got a piece of bread supplied to him. "Seeing that there is the utmost want of bread in the city, so that even if he were at large, there could no more be regularly supplied to him, much less now in a place where none remember or pity him, so that he is likely to die for hunger." "No more bread," that is, no more left of the public store in the city ( Jeremiah 37:21 ); or, all but no bread left anywhere [MAURER].

10. with thee--Hebrew, "in thine hand," that is, at "thy disposal" ( 1 Samuel 16:2 ). "From hence," that is, from the gate of Benjamin where the king was sitting ( Jeremiah 38:7 ).
thirty men--not merely to draw up Jeremiah, but to guard Ebed-melech against any opposition on the part of the princes ( Jeremiah 38:1-4 ), in executing the king's command. Ebed-melech was rewarded for his faith, love, and courage, exhibited at a time when he might well fear the wrath of the princes, to which even the king had to yield ( Jeremiah 39:16-18 ).

11. cast clouts--"torn clothes" [HENDERSON].
rotten rags--"worn-out garments." God can make the meanest things His instruments of goodness to His people ( 1 Corinthians 1:27-29 ).
under . . . armholes--"under the joints of thine hands," that is, where the fingers join the hand, the clothes being in order that the hands should not be cut by the cords [MAURER].

13. court of . . . prison--Ebed-melech prudently put him there to be out of the way of his enemies.

14. third entry--The Hebrews in determining the position of places faced the east, which they termed "that which is in front"; the south was thus called "that which is on the right hand"; the north, "that which is on the left hand"; the west, "that which is behind." So beginning with the east they might term it the first or principal entry; the south the second entry; the north the "third entry" of the outer or inner court [MAURER]. The third gate of the temple facing the palace; for through it the entrance lay from the palace into the temple ( 1 Kings 10:5 1 Kings 10:12 ). It was westward ( 1 Chronicles 26:16 1 Chronicles 26:18 , 2 Chronicles 9:11 ) [GROTIUS]. But in the future temple it is eastward ( Ezekiel 46:1 Ezekiel 46:2 Ezekiel 46:8 ).

15. wilt thou not hearken unto me--Zedekiah does not answer this last query; the former one he replies to in Jeremiah 38:16 . Rather translate, "Thou wilt not hearken to me." Jeremiah judges so from the past conduct of the king. Compare Jeremiah 38:17 with Jeremiah 38:19 .

16. Lord . . . made us this soul--( Isaiah 57:16 ). Implying, "may my life (soul) be forfeited if I deceive thee" [CALVIN].

17. princes--( Jeremiah 39:3 ). He does not say "to the king himself," for he was at Riblah, in Hamath ( Jeremiah 39:5 , 2 Kings 25:6 ). "If thou go forth" (namely, to surrender; 2 Kings 24:12 , Isaiah 36:16 ), God foreknows future conditional contingencies, and ordains not only the end, but also the means to the end.

19. afraid of the Jews--more than of God ( Proverbs 29:25 , John 9:22 , 12:43 ).
mock me--treat me injuriously ( 1 Samuel 31:4 ).

22. women--The very evil which Zedekiah wished to escape by disobeying the command to go forth shall befall him in its worst form thereby. Not merely the Jewish deserters shall "mock" him ( Jeremiah 38:19 ), but the very "women" of his own palace and harem, to gratify their new lords, will taunt him. A noble king in sooth, to suffer thyself to be so imposed on!
Thy friends--Hebrew, "men of thy peace" (see Jeremiah 20:10 , Psalms 41:9 , Margin). The king's ministers and the false prophets who misled him.
sunk in . . . mire--proverbial for, Thou art involved by "thy friends'" counsels in inextricable difficulties. The phrase perhaps alludes to Jeremiah 38:6 ; a just retribution for the treatment of Jeremiah, who literally "sank in the mire."
they are turned . . . back--Having involved thee in the calamity, they themselves shall provide for their own safety by deserting to the Chaldeans ( Jeremiah 38:19 ).

23. children--( Jeremiah 39:6 , 41:10 ). "wives . . . children . . . thou"; an ascending climax.

24. Let no man know--If thou wilt not tell this to the people, I will engage thy safety.

25. Kings are often such only in title; they are really under the power of their subjects.

26. presented--literally, "made my supplication to fall"; implying supplication with humble prostration
Jonathan's house--( Jeremiah 37:15 ), different from Malchiah's dungeon ( Jeremiah 38:6 ). This statement was true, though not the whole truth; the princes had no right to the information; no sanction is given by Scripture here to Jeremiah's representation of this being the cause of his having come to the king. Fear drove him to it. Compare Genesis 20:2 Genesis 20:12 ; on the other hand, 1 Samuel 16:2 1 Samuel 16:5 .
left off speaking with--Hebrew, "were silent from him," that is, withdrawing from him they left him quiet ( 1 Samuel 7:8 , Margin).

28. he was there when Jerusalem was taken--These words are made the beginning of the thirty-ninth chapter by many; but the accents and sense support English Version.