So Joshua said to the Israelites: "How long will you wait before you begin to take possession of the land that the LORD, the God of your fathers, has given you?
Appoint three men from each tribe. I will send them out to make a survey of the land and to write a description of it,1 according to the inheritance of each.2 Then they will return to me.
References for Joshua 18:4
You are to divide the land into seven parts. Judah is to remain in its territory on the south3 and the house of Joseph in its territory on the north.4
References for Joshua 18:5
After you have written descriptions of the seven parts of the land, bring them here to me and I will cast lots5 for you in the presence of the LORD our God.
References for Joshua 18:6
The Levites, however, do not get a portion among you, because the priestly service of the LORD is their inheritance.6 And Gad, Reuben and the half-tribe of Manasseh have already received their inheritance on the east side of the Jordan. Moses the servant of the LORD gave it to them.7"
References for Joshua 18:7
As the men started on their way to map out the land, Joshua instructed them, "Go and make a survey of the land and write a description of it.8 Then return to me, and I will cast lots for you here at Shiloh9 in the presence of the LORD."
References for Joshua 18:8
So the men left and went through the land. They wrote its description on a scroll, town by town, in seven parts, and returned to Joshua in the camp at Shiloh.
Joshua then cast lots10 for them in Shiloh in the presence11 of the LORD, and there he distributed the land to the Israelites according to their tribal divisions.12
References for Joshua 18:10
The lot came up for the tribe of Benjamin, clan by clan. Their allotted territory lay between the tribes of Judah and Joseph:
References for Joshua 18:11
On the north side their boundary began at the Jordan, passed the northern slope of Jericho and headed west into the hill country, coming out at the desert13 of Beth Aven.14
References for Joshua 18:12
From there it crossed to the south slope of Luz15 (that is, Bethel16) and went down to Ataroth Addar17 on the hill south of Lower Beth Horon.
References for Joshua 18:13