1 Samuel 15 LEB

Israel Defeats the Amalekites

1 Then Samuel said to Saul, "Yahweh sent me to anoint you as king over his people Israel. So then, {listen to the words}a of Yahweh!

References for 1 Samuel 15:1

    • Ƃ 15:1 - Literally "listen to the voice of the words"
      2 Thus says Yahweh of hosts: 'I have observed what Amalek did to Israel, {how he opposed him}b when he went up from Egypt.

      References for 1 Samuel 15:2

        • ƃ 15:2 - Literally "what he placed against him in the way"
          3 So then, go and attack Amalek and utterly destroy all that is his! You must not spare him, but kill both man and woman, both child and nursing infant, both ox and sheep, both camel and donkey.'"
          4 Saul summoned the army and mustered them at Telaim; two hundred thousand foot soldiers and ten thousand men of Judah.
          5 Then Saul came up to the city of Amalek and set an ambush in the wadi.c

          References for 1 Samuel 15:5

            • Ƅ 15:5 - A valley that is usually dry but contains a stream during the rainy season
              6 Saul said to the Kenites, "Go, leave! Withdraw from among the Amalekites so that I do not destroy you with them. You have shown loyal love to all the {Israelites}d when they came up from Egypt." So the Kenites left from among [the] Amalekites.

              References for 1 Samuel 15:6

                • ƅ 15:6 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                  7 Then Saul defeated [the] Amalekites from Havilah as one goes to Shur which [is] {east of}e Egypt.

                  References for 1 Samuel 15:7

                    • Ɔ 15:7 - Literally "upon the face of"
                      8 He captured Agag the king of Amalek alive, but all the people he utterly destroyed with the {edge}f of the sword.

                      References for 1 Samuel 15:8

                        • Ƈ 15:8 - Literally "mouth"
                          9 However, Saul and the army spared Agag and the best of the sheep and the cattle and the second [best] of the young fatlings and {all that was valuable};g they were not willing to utterly destroy them. But all the possessions that were despised or worthless, they utterly destroyed.

                          References for 1 Samuel 15:9

                            • ƈ 15:9 - Literally "all the good [things]"

                              Samuel Announces the Downfall of Saul

                              10 Then the word of Yahweh came to Samuel, saying,

                              References for 1 Samuel 15:10

                                  11 "I regret that I made Saul king, for he has turned back from following me and has not kept my word." {Samuel became angry},h and he cried out to Yahweh all night.

                                  References for 1 Samuel 15:11

                                    • Ɖ 15:11 - Literally "it became hot for Samuel"
                                      12 Then Samuel got up early in the morning to meet Saul. Samuel was told, "Saul has gone to Carmel, and look, he [is] setting up a monument for himself." Then he turned around and crossed over and went down to Gilgal.
                                      13 When Samuel came to Saul, Saul said to him, "May you be blessed by Yahweh! I have kept the word of Yahweh."
                                      14 But Samuel said, "Then what [is] this bleating of the sheep [that I hear] in my ears and the lowing of the cattle that I am hearing?"
                                      15 Saul said, "They have brought them from [the] Amalekites; the troops spared the best of the sheep and the cattle in order to sacrifice them to Yahweh your God. But the rest we have utterly destroyed."
                                      16 Then Samuel said to Saul, "Stop and let me tell you what Yahweh said to me last night." So he said to him, "Speak."
                                      17 Samuel said, "Even though you [are] small in your [own] eyes, are you not the head of the tribes of Israel? Yahweh has anointed you as king over Israel.
                                      18 When Yahweh sent you on your way, he said to you: 'Go! You must utterly destroy the sinners, [the] Amalekites, and you must fight against them until youi have destroyed them.'

                                      References for 1 Samuel 15:18

                                        • Ɗ 15:18 - The Masoretic Hebrew text reads "they"; LXX, Peshitta, and Targum read "you"
                                          19 Why did you not listen to the voice of Yahweh and fall with shouting on the plunder? You have done evil in the sight of Yahweh!"
                                          20 Then Saul said to Samuel, "I have listened to the voice of Yahweh, and I have gone on the way that Yahweh sent me! I brought Agag the king of Amalek, and the Amalekites I have utterly destroyed.
                                          21 The troops took from the plunder, sheep and cattle, the best of the things devoted to destruction, to sacrifice to Yahweh your God at Gilgal."
                                          22 Then Samuel said, "Is there [as much] delight for Yahweh in burnt offerings and sacrifices as [there is] in {obeying} Yahweh? Look! {To obey} [is] better than sacrifice; to give heed than the fat of rams.
                                          23 For rebellion [is like] the sin of divination; arrogance [is like] iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of Yahweh, he has rejected you from [being] king!"
                                          24 Then Saul said to Samuel, "I have sinned because I have transgressed {the commandment of Yahweh}j and your words, for I feared the troops and I listened to their voice.

                                          References for 1 Samuel 15:24

                                            • Ƌ 15:24 - Literally "the mouth of Yahweh"
                                              25 So then, please pardon my sin and return with me {so that I can worship}k Yahweh."

                                              References for 1 Samuel 15:25

                                                • ƌ 15:25 - Literally "so that I can bow down to"
                                                  26 But Samuel said to Saul, "I will not return with you, for you have rejected the word of Yahweh, and he has rejected you from being king over Israel!"
                                                  27 As Samuel turned around to go, hel caught hold of the hem of his robe, and it tore.

                                                  References for 1 Samuel 15:27

                                                    • ƍ 15:27 - That is, Saul
                                                      28 Then Samuel said to him, "Yahweh has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it to your neighbor {who is better than you}.m

                                                      References for 1 Samuel 15:28

                                                        • Ǝ 15:28 - Literally "the better than you"
                                                          29 Moreover, the Glory of Israel will not break faith and will not regret, for he [is] not a human that he should regret."
                                                          30 Then hen said, "I have sinned! Now please honor me before the elders of my people and before Israel, and return with me {so that I can worship}o Yahweh your God."

                                                          References for 1 Samuel 15:30

                                                            • Ə 15:30 - That is, Saul
                                                            • Ɛ 15:30 - Literally "so that I can bow down to"
                                                              31 So Samuel returned after Saul, and Saul {worshiped}p Yahweh.

                                                              References for 1 Samuel 15:31

                                                                • Ƒ 15:31 - Literally "bowed down to"
                                                                  32 Then Samuel said, "Bring Agag the king of Amalek out to me!" Agag came to him confidently,q for Agag thought, "Surely the bitterness of death {is over}."r

                                                                  References for 1 Samuel 15:32

                                                                    • ƒ 15:32 - Or "trembling"; literally "in chains/bonds" (HALOT 609 s.v. 2); the meaning here is uncertain (LXX has "trembling")
                                                                    • Ɠ 15:32 - Literally "has turned aside"; other English versions follow the LXX and Peshitta and omit "has turned aside," reading "Surely the bitterness of death!"
                                                                      33 Samuel said, "Just as your sword bereaved women, so will your mother be bereaved among women!" Then Samuel hacked Agag to pieces in the presence of Yahweh at Gilgal.
                                                                      34 Then Samuel went to Ramah and Saul went up to his house in Gibeah of Saul.
                                                                      35 Samuel {did not see Saul again}s until the day of his death, but Samuel mourned over Saul, and Yahweh regretted that he made Saul king over Israel.

                                                                      References for 1 Samuel 15:35

                                                                        • Ɣ 15:35 - Literally "did not add to see Saul"