Acts 2 LEB

Pentecost and the Coming of the Holy Spirit

1 And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in the same [place].

References for Acts 2:1

      2 And suddenly a sound like a violent rushing wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting.
      3 And divideda tongues like fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them.

      References for Acts 2:3

        • v 2:3 - Or perhaps "distributed"
          4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languagesb as the Spirit gave them [ability] to speak out.

          References for Acts 2:4

            • w 2:4 - Or "tongues"
              5 Now there were Jews residing in Jerusalem, devout men from every nation under heaven.
              6 And [when]c this sound occurred, the crowd gathered and was in confusion, because each one was hearing them speaking in his own language.

              References for Acts 2:6

                • x 2:6 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("happened")
                  7 And they were astounded and astonished, saying, "Behold, are not all these who are speaking Galileans?
                  8 And how do we hear, each one [of us], in {our own native language}?d

                  References for Acts 2:8

                    • y 2:8 - Literally "our own language in which we were born"
                      9 Parthians and Medes and Elamites and those residing [in] Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,e

                      References for Acts 2:9

                        • z 2:9 - A reference to the Roman province of Asia (modern Asia Minor)
                          10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya toward Cyrene, and the Romans who were in town,
                          11 both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabs--we hear them speaking in our [own] languages the great deeds of God!"
                          12 And all were amazed and greatly perplexed, saying {to one another},f "{What can this mean?}"g

                          References for Acts 2:12

                            • { 2:12 - Literally "one to the other"
                            • | 2:12 - Literally "what does this want to be"
                              13 But others jeered [and]h said, "They are full of sweet new wine!"

                              References for Acts 2:13

                                • } 2:13 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("jeered") has been translated as a finite verb

                                  Peter’s Sermon on the Day of Pentecost

                                  14 But Peter, standing with the eleven, raised his voice and declared to them, "Judean men, and all those who live [in] Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and pay attention to my words!

                                  References for Acts 2:14

                                      15 For these [men] are not drunk, as you assume, because it is the third hour of the day.
                                      16 But this is what was spoken through the prophet Joel:
                                      17 'And it will be in the last days,' God says, 'I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy, and your young men will see visions, and your old men will dream dreams.
                                      18 And even on my male slaves and on my female slaves I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy.
                                      19 And I will cause wonders in the heaveni above and signs on the earth below, blood and fire and vapor of smoke.

                                      References for Acts 2:19

                                          20 The sun will be changed to darkness and the moon to blood, before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes.
                                          21 And it will be [that] everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved.'j

                                          References for Acts 2:21

                                            •  2:21 - A quotation from Joel 2:28-32
                                              22 "Israelite men, listen to these words! Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with deeds of power and wonders and signs that God did through him in your midst, just as [you] yourselves know--
                                              23 this man, delivered up by the determined plan and foreknowledge of God, you executed [by]k nailing to [a cross]l through the hand of lawless men.

                                              References for Acts 2:23

                                                • € 2:23 - *Here "[by]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("nailing to") which is understood as means
                                                •  2:23 - *The words "[a cross]" are not in the Greek text but are implied by the nature of the verb
                                                  24 God raised {him}m up, having brought to an end the pains of death, because it was not possible [for] him to be held by it.

                                                  References for Acts 2:24

                                                    • ‚ 2:24 - Literally "whom"; it is necessary to specify "him" in the translation to avoid confusion with the "lawless men" in the previous verse
                                                      25 For David says with reference to him, 'I saw the Lord before me {continually}, for he is at my right hand so that I will not be shaken.
                                                      26 For this [reason] my heart was glad and my tongue rejoiced greatly, furthermore also my flesh will live in hope,
                                                      27 because you will not abandon my soul in Hades, nor will you permit your Holy One to experience decay.
                                                      28 You have made known to me the paths of life; you will fill me with gladness with your presence.'n

                                                      References for Acts 2:28

                                                        • ƒ 2:28 - A quotation from Ps 16:8-11
                                                          29 "Men [and] brothers, it is possible to speak with confidence to you about the patriarch David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us until this day.
                                                          30 Therefore, [because he]o was a prophet and knew that God had sworn to him with an oath to seat {one of his descendants}p on his throne,

                                                          References for Acts 2:30

                                                            • „ 2:30 - *Here "[because]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("was") which is understood as causal
                                                            • … 2:30 - Literally "from the fruit of his loins"
                                                              31 [by]q having foreseen [this],r he spoke about the resurrection of the Christ,s that neither was he abandoned in Hades nor did his flesh experience decay.

                                                              References for Acts 2:31

                                                                • † 2:31 - *Here "[by]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("having foreseen") which is understood as means
                                                                • ‡ 2:31 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                • ˆ 2:31 - Or "Messiah"
                                                                  32 This Jesus God raised up, of whicht we all are witnesses.

                                                                  References for Acts 2:32

                                                                    • ‰ 2:32 - Or "of whom," referring to Jesus
                                                                      33 Therefore, having been exalted to the right hand of God and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out this that you see and hear.u

                                                                      References for Acts 2:33

                                                                        • Š 2:33 - Some manuscripts have "both see and hear"
                                                                          34 For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says, 'The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at my right hand,
                                                                          35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet." 'v

                                                                          References for Acts 2:35

                                                                            • ‹ 2:35 - A quotation from Ps 110:1
                                                                              36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt, that God has made him both Lord and Christ--this Jesus whom you crucified!"

                                                                              The Response to Peter’s Sermon

                                                                              37 Now [when they]w heard [this],x they were pierced to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, "What should we do, men [and] brothers?"

                                                                              References for Acts 2:37

                                                                                • Œ 2:37 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("heard") which is understood as temporal
                                                                                •  2:37 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                                  38 And Peter [said]y to them, "Repent and be baptized, each one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

                                                                                  References for Acts 2:38

                                                                                    • Ž 2:38 - Some manuscripts explicitly add "said"
                                                                                      39 For the promise is for you and for your children, and for all those [who are] far away, as many as the Lord our God calls to himself."
                                                                                      40 And with many other words he solemnly urged and exhorted them, saying, "Be saved from this crooked generation!"
                                                                                      41 So those who accepted his message were baptized, and on that day about three thousand souls were added.

                                                                                      The Fellowship of the First Believers

                                                                                      42 And they were devoting themselves to the teaching of the apostles and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayers.

                                                                                      References for Acts 2:42

                                                                                          43 And fear came on every soul, and many wonders and signs were being performed by the apostles.
                                                                                          44 And all who believed were in the same [place], and had everything in common.
                                                                                          45 And they began sellingz [their]{ possessions and property, and distributing these [things] to all, to the degree that anyone had need.

                                                                                          References for Acts 2:45

                                                                                            •  2:45 - *The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began selling")
                                                                                            •  2:45 - *Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                                                                              46 And every day, devoting themselves [to meeting]| with one purpose in the temple [courts]} and breaking bread from house [to house], they were eating [their] food with joy and simplicity of heart,

                                                                                              References for Acts 2:46

                                                                                                • ‘ 2:46 - *The words "[to meeting]" are not in the Greek text but are implied
                                                                                                • ’ 2:46 - *Here "[courts]" is supplied to distinguish this area from the interior of the temple building itself
                                                                                                  47 praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord was adding every day to the total [of] those who were being saved.