Israel Is Punished

1 Israel [is] a luxuriant vine; he yields fruit for himself. The more his fruit increased, [the more] he made numerous altars. The more his land prospered, [the more] he improved [his] stone pillars.

References for Hosea 10:1

    • a 10:1 - Or "ravaged vine"
    • b 10:1 - Hebrew "they"
    • c 10:1 - Or "made beautiful"
      2 Their heart is false; now they must bear [their] guilt. He himself will break down their altars; he will destroy their stone pillars.

      References for Hosea 10:2

        • d 10:2 - That is, "Yahweh himself"
          3 For now they will say, "We have no king; indeed, we did not fear Yahweh, and what can a king do for us?"
          4 They utter words of vain oaths [when] {making covenants}, and judgment blossoms like a poisonous plant on the furrows of the field.

          References for Hosea 10:4

            • e 10:4 - Literally "cutting covenant"
              5 The inhabitants of Samaria tremble for the calf of Beth-aven. Indeed, his people will mourn for it, and his idolatrous priests will wail over it-- over its glory because it has departed from it.

              References for Hosea 10:5

                • f 10:5 - Hebrew "inhabitant"
                • g 10:5 - Hebrew "calves"
                • h 10:5 - Or "rejoice"
                  6 It will also be brought to Assyria, [as] tribute to [the] great king. Ephraim will obtain disgrace and Israel will be ashamed from his advice.

                  References for Hosea 10:6

                    • i 10:6 - See 5:13; some translate literally "King Jareb"
                    • j 10:6 - Or "counsel"
                      7 Samaria will be destroyed; her king [is] like a chip on the surface of the water.
                      8 The high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, will be destroyed. Thorn and thistle will grow on their altars. They will say to the mountains, "Cover us," and to the hills, "Fall on us."
                      9 From the days of Gibeah you have sinned, [O] Israel; there {they have remained}. Will not war in Gibeah overtake them against the children of evil?

                      References for Hosea 10:9

                        • k 10:9 - Literally "they stood"
                          10 In my desire I will punish them; nations will be gathered against them when they are punished for {their double iniquities}.

                          References for Hosea 10:10

                            • l 10:10 - The LXX translates "I will come"
                            • m 10:10 - So Qere; Masoretic Hebrew text (Kethib) "their two eyes"
                              11 Ephraim [was] a trained heifer, that loved to thresh [grain], and I myself {spared} the fairness of her neck; I will make Ephraim break the ground, Judah will plow, Jacob must till for himself.

                              References for Hosea 10:11

                                • n 10:11 - Literally "passed over"
                                  12 Sow for yourselves righteousness; {reap loyal love}. Break up for yourself fallow ground; [it is] time to seek Yahweh so he will come and rain righteousness upon you.

                                  References for Hosea 10:12

                                    • o 10:12 - Literally "reap according to loyal love"
                                      13 You have plowed wickedness, you have reaped injustice, you have eaten the fruit of lies, because you have trusted in your strength, in the multitude of your warriors.

                                      References for Hosea 10:13

                                          14 The tumult of war will rise up against your people, and all your fortresses will be destroyed, as Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel; on the day of war mothers were dashed to pieces with [their] children.

                                          References for Hosea 10:14

                                            • q 10:14 - Or "upon [their] children"
                                              15 So it will be done to you, [O] Bethel, because of the evil of your wickedness; at dawn, the king of Israel will be utterly destroyed.