John 19:28-42 LEB

Jesus Dies on the Cross

28 After this, Jesus, knowing that now at last everything was completed, in order that the scripture would be fulfilled, said, "I am thirsty."

References for John 19:28

      29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there, so [they] put a sponge full of the sour wine on a [branch of] hyssop [and]a brought [it]b to his mouth.

      References for John 19:29

        • ǫ 19:29 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("put") has been translated as a finite verb
        • Ǭ 19:29 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
          30 Then when he had received the sour wine, Jesus said, "It is completed,"c and bowing [his]d head, he gave up [his]e spirit.

          References for John 19:30

            • ǭ 19:30 - Or (traditionally) "it is finished"
            • Ǯ 19:30 - *Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
            • ǯ 19:30 - *Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
              31 Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was an important day), asked Pilate that their legs could be broken and they could be taken away.
              32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who had been crucified with him.
              33 But [when they]f came to Jesus, after they saw he was already dead, they did not break his legs.

              References for John 19:33

                • ǰ 19:33 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("came") which is understood as temporal
                  34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and blood and water came out immediately.
                  35 And the one who has seen [it]g has testified, and his testimony is true, and that person knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.

                  References for John 19:35

                    • DZ 19:35 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                      36 For these [things] happened in order that the scripture would be fulfilled: "Not a bone of his will be broken."h

                      References for John 19:36

                        • Dz 19:36 - A quotation from Exod 12:46, Num 9:12, and Ps 34:20
                          37 And again another scripture says, "They will look on [the one] whom they have pierced."i

                          References for John 19:37

                            • dz 19:37 - A quotation from Zech 12:10

                              Jesus Is Buried

                              38 And after these [things], Joseph [who was] from Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus (but a secret one for fear of the Jews), asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus. And Pilate allowed [it],j so he came and took away his body.

                              References for John 19:38

                                • Ǵ 19:38 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                  39 And Nicodemus--the one who had come to him formerly at night--also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes [weighing] about a hundred pounds.k

                                  References for John 19:39

                                    • ǵ 19:39 - The Greek term refers to a Roman pound, 327.45 grams (approximately 12 ounces)
                                      40 So they took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in [strips of] linen cloth with the fragrant spices, as is the Jews' custom to prepare for burial.
                                      41 Now [there] was a garden at the place where he was crucified, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one was yet buried.
                                      42 So there, on account of the day of preparation of the Jews, because the tomb was close by, they buried Jesus.