Luke 2 LEB

The Birth of Jesus Christ

1 Now it happened that in those days a decree went out from Caesara Augustus to register all the empire.

References for Luke 2:1

    • ‚ 2:1 - Or "the emperor"
      2 (This first registration took place [when]b Quirinius was governor of Syria.)

      References for Luke 2:2

        • ƒ 2:2 - *Or perhaps "[before]"; here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("was governor")
          3 And everyone went to be registered, each one to his own town.
          4 So Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family line of David,
          5 to be registered together with Mary, who was legally promised in marriage to him [and]c was pregnant.

          References for Luke 2:5

            • „ 2:5 - *Here "[and]" is supplied in keeping with English style
              6 And it happened that while they were there, {the time came}d for her to give birth.

              References for Luke 2:6

                • … 2:6 - Literally "the days were completed"
                  7 And she gave birth to her firstborn son, and wrapped him in strips of cloth and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.

                  The Shepherds and the Angels

                  8 And there were shepherds in the same region, living out of doors and keeping watch, guarding over their flock by night.

                  References for Luke 2:8

                      9 And an angel of the Lord stood near them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and {they were terribly frightened}.e

                      References for Luke 2:9

                        • † 2:9 - Literally "they were afraid with great fear"
                          10 And the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring good news to you of great joy which will be for all the people:
                          11 that today a Savior, who is Christ the Lord, was born for you in the city of David.
                          12 And this will be the sign for you: you will find the baby wrapped in strips of cloth and lying in a manger."
                          13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army, praising God and saying,
                          14 "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among people {with whom he is pleased}!"f

                          References for Luke 2:14

                            • ‡ 2:14 - Literally "of good pleasure"
                              15 And it happened that when the angels had departed from them into heaven, the shepherds began to sayg to one another, "Let us go now to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has revealed to us!"

                              References for Luke 2:15

                                • ˆ 2:15 - *The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began to say")
                                  16 And they went hurrying and found both Mary and Joseph, and the baby who was lying in the manger.
                                  17 And [when they]h saw [it],i they made known the statement that had been told to them about this child.

                                  References for Luke 2:17

                                    • ‰ 2:17 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("saw") which is understood as temporal
                                    • Š 2:17 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                      18 And all who heard [it]j were astonished concerning what had been said to them by the shepherds.

                                      References for Luke 2:18

                                        • ‹ 2:18 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                          19 But Mary treasured up all these words, pondering [them]k in her heart.

                                          References for Luke 2:19

                                            • Œ 2:19 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                              20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all that they had heard and seen, just as it had been told to them.
                                              21 And when eight days were completed {so that he could be circumcised},l he was named Jesus, his name [that] [he] was called by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

                                              References for Luke 2:21

                                                •  2:21 - Literally "to circumcise him"

                                                  The Presentation of Jesus at the Temple

                                                  22 And when the days of their purification were completed according to the law of Moses, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present [him]m to the Lord

                                                  References for Luke 2:22

                                                    • Ž 2:22 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                      23 (just as it is written in the law of the Lord, "Every male that opens the womb will be called holy to the Lord")n

                                                      References for Luke 2:23

                                                        •  2:23 - An allusion to Exod 13:2, 12, 15
                                                          24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what was stated in the law of the Lord, "a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons."o

                                                          References for Luke 2:24

                                                            •  2:24 - A quotation from Lev 5:11; 12:8

                                                              The Prophecy of Simeon

                                                              25 And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem {whose name was}p Simeon, and this man [was] righteous and devout, looking forward to the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him.

                                                              References for Luke 2:25

                                                                • ‘ 2:25 - Literally "to whom the name"
                                                                  26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit [that he would] not see death before he would see the Lord's Christ.q

                                                                  References for Luke 2:26

                                                                    • ’ 2:26 - Or "Messiah"
                                                                      27 And he came in the Spirit into the temple, and when the parents brought in the child Jesus so that they could do for him according to what was customary under the law,
                                                                      28 he took him in [his]r arms and praised God and said,

                                                                      References for Luke 2:28

                                                                        • “ 2:28 - Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                                                          29 "Now dismiss your slave in peace, Lord, according to your word.
                                                                          30 For my eyes have seen your salvation
                                                                          31 that you have prepared in the presence of all the peoples,
                                                                          32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and glory to your people Israel."
                                                                          33 And his father and mother were astonished at what was said about him.
                                                                          34 And Simeon blessed them and said to his mother Mary, "Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and for a sign that is opposeds--

                                                                          References for Luke 2:34

                                                                            • ” 2:34 - Or "rejected"
                                                                              35 and a sword will pierce your own soul also, so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed!"

                                                                              The Testimony of Anna

                                                                              36 And there was a prophetess, Anna the daughter of Phanuel of the tribe of Asher (she was advanced {in years},t having lived with [her] husband seven years {after her marriage},u

                                                                              References for Luke 2:36

                                                                                • • 2:36 - Literally "with many days"
                                                                                • – 2:36 - Literally "from her virginity"
                                                                                  37 and herself [as] a widow up to eighty-four years)v who did not depart from the temple with fastings and prayers, serving night and day.

                                                                                  References for Luke 2:37

                                                                                    • — 2:37 - Or "eighty-four years as a widow"
                                                                                      38 And at [that] same hour she approached [and]w began to give thanksx to God, and to speak about him to all those who were waiting for the redemption of Jerusalem.

                                                                                      References for Luke 2:38

                                                                                        • ˜ 2:38 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("approached") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                        • ™ 2:38 - The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began to give thanks")
                                                                                          39 And when they had completed everything according to the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own town of Nazareth.
                                                                                          40 And the child was growing and becoming strong, filled with wisdom, and the favor of God was upon him.

                                                                                          Jesus in the Temple at Twelve Years Old

                                                                                          41 And his parents went every year to Jerusalem for the feast of the Passover.

                                                                                          References for Luke 2:41

                                                                                              42 And when he was twelve years [old], they went up according to the custom of the feast.
                                                                                              43 And [after]y the days were completed, while they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. And his parents did not know [it],z

                                                                                              References for Luke 2:43

                                                                                                • š 2:43 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("were completed") which is understood as temporal
                                                                                                • › 2:43 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                                                  44 but believing him to be in the group of travelers, they went a day's journey. And they began searching for{ him among [their]| relatives and [their]} acquaintances,

                                                                                                  References for Luke 2:44

                                                                                                    • œ 2:44 - *The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began searching for")
                                                                                                    •  2:44 - Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                                                                                    • ž 2:44 - Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                                                                                                      45 and [when they]~ did not find [him], they returned to Jerusalem to search for him.

                                                                                                      References for Luke 2:45

                                                                                                        • Ÿ 2:45 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("find") which is understood as temporal
                                                                                                        •   2:45 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                                                          46 And it happened that after three days they found him in the temple [courts],€ sitting in the midst of the teachers and listening to them and asking them [questions].

                                                                                                          References for Luke 2:46

                                                                                                            • ¡ 2:46 - *Here "[courts]" is supplied to distinguish this area from the interior of the temple building itself
                                                                                                              47 And all who heard him were amazed at his insight and [his] answers.

                                                                                                              References for Luke 2:47

                                                                                                                • ¢ 2:47 - *This is an understood repetition of "[his]" due to English style
                                                                                                                  48 And [when they]‚ saw him, they were astounded and his mother said to him, "Child, why have you done this to us? Look, your father and I have been searching for you anxiously!"

                                                                                                                  References for Luke 2:48

                                                                                                                    • £ 2:48 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("saw") which is understood as temporal
                                                                                                                      49 And he said to them, "{Why}ƒ were you searching for me? Did you not know that it was necessary [for] me to be in the [house]„ of my Father?"

                                                                                                                      References for Luke 2:49

                                                                                                                        • ¤ 2:49 - Literally "what [is it] that"
                                                                                                                        • ¥ 2:49 - Or "things" (= business)
                                                                                                                          50 And they did not understand the statement that he spoke to them.
                                                                                                                          51 And he went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was submitting to them. And his mother treasured all these things in her heart.
                                                                                                                          52 And Jesus was advancing in wisdom and stature and in favor with God and [with] people.