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Numbers 21 (Lexham English Bible)

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Arad Captured

1 The Canaanite king of Arad, who was dwelling [in] the Negev,a heard that Israel came [along] the way of Atharim; he fought against Israel and took some of them captive. 2 Israel made a vow to Yahweh, and they said, "If you will surely give this people into ourb hand, then wec {will destroy}d their cities." 3 Yahweh heard the voice of Israel; he gave [to them] the Canaanites, and {they destroyed them}e and their cities. They called the name of the place Hormah. 4 They set out from Mount Hor [by] the way of the {Red Sea}f to go around the land of Edom; but {the people became impatient}g along the way. 5 The people spoke against God and against Moses, "Why have you brought us from Egypt to die in the desert? There is no food and no water, and our hearts detest [this] miserable food."

The Bronze Serpent

6 And Yahweh sent among the people poisonous snakes; they bit the people, and many people from Israel died. 7 The people came to Moses and said, "We have sinned because we have spoken against Yahweh and against you. Pray to Yahweh and let him remove the snakesh from among us." So Moses prayed for the people. 8 And Yahweh said to Moses, "Make for yourself a snake and place it on a pole. Wheni anyone is bitten and looks at it, that person will live." 9 So Moses made a snake of bronze, and he placed it on the pole; wheneverj a snake bit someone, and that person looked at the snake of bronze, he lived. 10 The {Israelites}k set out and encamped at Oboth. 11 They set out from Oboth and encamped at Iye Abarim in the desert, which [was] in front of Moab {toward the sunrise}.l 12 From there they set out and encamped at the valley of Zered. 13 From there they set out and encamped beyond Arnon, which [is] in the desert that goes out from the boundary of the Amorites,m because Arnon [is] the boundary of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites.n 14 Therefore thus it is said in the scroll of the Wars of Yahweh, "Waheb in Suphah, and the wadis of Arnon, 15 and the slope of the wadis that spreads out to the dwelling of Ar and lies at the boundary of Moab." 16 From there [they went] to Beer, which is the water well where Yahweh spoke to Moses, "Gather the people, that I may give them water." 17 Then Israel sang this song, "Arise, well water! Sing to it! 18 Well water that the princes dug, that the leaders of the people dug, with a staff [and] with their rods." And from [the] desert [they continued to] Mattanah, 19 and from Mattanah [to] Nahaliel, and from Nahaliel [to] Bamoth; 20 and from Bamoth to the valley that [is] in the territory of Moab, [by] the top of Pisgah, which overlooks the surface of the wasteland.

Sihon and Og Defeated

21 Israel sent messengers to Sihon, the king of the Amorites,o saying, 22 "Let us go through your land; we will not turn aside into a field or vineyard; we will not drink well water along the way of the king until we have gone through your territory." 23 But Sihon did not allow Israel to go through his territory. Sihon gathered all his people and went out to meet Israel; he came [to] the desert, to Jahaz, and he fought against Israel. 24 But Israel struck him with [the] edge of [the] sword, and they took possession of his land from Arnon to Jabbok, until the {Ammonites},p because the boundary of the {Ammonites}q [was] strong. 25 Israel took all these cities, and Israel inhabited all the cities of the Amorites,r in Heshbon, and in all its environs.s 26 Because Heshbon [was] the city of Sihon king of the Amorites,t who had fought against the former king of Moab and taken all his land from his hand until Arnon. 27 Thus the ones who quote proverbs say, "Come [to] Heshbon! Let it be built! And let the city of Sihon be established. 28 Because fire went out from Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon; it consumed Ar of Moab, the lords of theu high places of Arnon. 29 Woe to you, Moab! You have perished, people of Chemosh. He has given his sons as fugitives, and his daughters into captivity, to the king of the Amorites,v Sihon. 30 We destroyed them; Heshbon has perished up to Dibon; we laid waste up to Nophah, which {reaches}w Medeba." 31 Thus Israel lived in the land of the Amorites.x 32 Moses sent to explore Jaazer; they captured {its environs}y and dispossessed the Amoritesz who [were] there. 33 Then they turned and went up [by] the way of the Bashan, and Og king of the Bashan and all his people went out to meet them for battle [at] Edrei. 34 And Yahweh said to Moses, "Do not fear him because I will give him and all his people and all his land into your hand. You will do to him just as you did to Sihon king of the Amorites,aa who was living in Heshbon." 35 And so they destroyed him and his sons, and all his people until they had not spared a survivor; and they took possession of his land.
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