1 When you sit to eat with a ruler, you shall surely observe what [is] before you,
2 and you shall put a knife to your throat if you have a {big appetite}.

References for Proverbs 23:2

    • a 23:2 - Literally "lord/master of life"
      3 Do not desire his delicacies, for it is food of deception.

      References for Proverbs 23:3

        • b 23:3 - Hebrew "and"
          4 Do not tire [in order] to become rich; out of your understanding, [may you] desist
          5 Your eyes will {alight} on it, but there is nothing [to] it, for suddenly it will make for itself wings like an eagle and it will be exhausted [in] the heavens.

          References for Proverbs 23:5

            • c 23:5 - Literally "cause to fly"
              6 Do not eat the bread of {the stingy}, and do not desire his delicacies.

              References for Proverbs 23:6

                • d 23:6 - Literally "stingy of eye"
                  7 For, like hair in his {throat}, so it is. "Eat and drink!" he will say to you, but his heart will not be with you.

                  References for Proverbs 23:7

                    • e 23:7 - Literally "soul," or "inner self"
                    • f 23:7 - Or "is he"
                      8 Your morsel you have eaten, you will vomit it up, and you will waste your pleasant words.
                      9 In the ears of a fool do not speak, for he will despise the wisdom of your words.
                      10 Do not remove an ancient boundary marker, and on the fields of orphans do not encroach;
                      11 For their redeemer is strong, he himself will plead their cause against you.
                      12 Apply your heart to instruction, and your ear to sayings of knowledge.

                      References for Proverbs 23:12

                          13 Do not withhold discipline from a child, if you will beat him with the rod, he will not die.
                          14 As for you, with the rod you shall beat him, and his life you will save from Sheol.

                          References for Proverbs 23:14

                            • h 23:14 - Or "soul," or "inner self"
                            • i 23:14 - A term for the place where the dead reside, i.e., the Underworld
                              15 My child, if your heart is wise, my heart will be glad--even me!

                              References for Proverbs 23:15

                                  16 And my {insides} will rejoice when your lips speak what is upright.

                                  References for Proverbs 23:16

                                    • k 23:16 - Literally "kidneys"
                                      17 May your heart not envy the sinners, but [live] in fear of Yahweh {all day}.

                                      References for Proverbs 23:17

                                        • l 23:17 - Or "mind"
                                        • m 23:17 - Literally "all the day"
                                          18 {Surely} there is a future, and your hope will not be cut off.

                                          References for Proverbs 23:18

                                            • n 23:18 - Literally "For if"
                                              19 You, my child, hear and be wise, and direct your heart on the road

                                              References for Proverbs 23:19

                                                  20 Do not be among drinkers of wine, among gluttonous eaters of {their meat}.

                                                  References for Proverbs 23:20

                                                    • p 23:20 - Literally "meat for them"
                                                      21 For the drunkard and gluttonous, they will become poor, and [with] rags, drowsiness will clothe them
                                                      22 Listen to your father--he who {gave you life}, and do not despise your mother when she is old.

                                                      References for Proverbs 23:22

                                                        • q 23:22 - Literally "caused you to be born"
                                                        • r 23:22 - Or "for, because"
                                                          23 Buy truth and do not sell [it], wisdom and instruction and understanding.
                                                          24 The father of the righteous will surely rejoice; he who bears a wise person will be happy with him.
                                                          25 May your father and your mother be glad, and may she who bore you rejoice.
                                                          26 My child, may you give your heart to me, and may your eyes delight in my ways.

                                                          References for Proverbs 23:26

                                                              27 For a deep pit is a prostitute, and a narrow well is {an adulteress}.

                                                              References for Proverbs 23:27

                                                                • t 23:27 - Or "whore"
                                                                • u 23:27 - Literally "a foreign woman"
                                                                  28 She [is] also like a robber lying in wait, and the faithless among mankind she increases.
                                                                  29 To whom [is] woe? To whom [is] sorrow? To whom [are] quarrels? To whom [is] complaint? To whom [are] wounds without cause? To whom [is] redness of [the] eyes?
                                                                  30 To those who linger over wine, to those who come to try mixed wine.
                                                                  31 Do not look at wine when it is red, when it {sparkles} on the cup, going down smoothly.

                                                                  References for Proverbs 23:31

                                                                    • v 23:31 - Literally "gives its eye"
                                                                      32 {In the end}, it will bite like a serpent, and it will sting like an adder.

                                                                      References for Proverbs 23:32

                                                                        • w 23:32 - Literally "end him"
                                                                          33 Your eyes will see strange things, and your heart will speak perverse things.

                                                                          References for Proverbs 23:33

                                                                              34 And you will be like him who lies down in the heart of the sea, and like him who lies down on top of a mast.
                                                                              35 "They struck me; I was not hurt. They beat me; I did not know [it]. When I will awake, I will continue; I will seek it again."