War with Aram

1 Now 1Ben-hadad king of Aram gathered all his army, 2and there were thirty-two * kings with him, and horses and chariots. And he went up and 3besieged * Samaria and fought against it.
2 Then he sent messengers to the city to Ahab king of Israel and said to him, "Thus says Ben-hadad,
3 'Your silver and your gold are mine; your most beautiful wives and children are also mine.' "
4 The king of Israel replied, "It is according to your word, my lord, O king; I am yours, and all that I have."
5 Then the messengers returned and said, "Thus says Ben-hadad, 'Surely, I sent to you saying, "You shall give me your silver and your gold and your wives and your children,"

References for 1 Kings 20:5

    • a 20:5 - Lit "Ben-hadad, saying"
      6 but about this time tomorrow I will send my servants to you, and they will search your house and the houses of your servants; and whatever is desirable in your eyes, they will take in their hand and carry away.' "

      References for 1 Kings 20:6

        • b 20:6 - Lit "all the desire of your eyes"
        • c 20:6 - Lit "put"
          7 Then the king of Israel called all the elders of the land and said, "Please observe and 4see how this man is looking for trouble; for he sent to me for my wives and my children and my silver and my gold, and I did not refuse him."

          References for 1 Kings 20:7

          8 All the elders and all the people said to him, "Do not listen or consent."
          9 So he said to the messengers of Ben-hadad, "Tell my lord the king, 'All that you sent for to your servant at the first I will do, but this thing I cannot * do.' " And the messengers departed and brought him word again.
          10 Ben-hadad sent to him and said, "May 5the gods do so to me and more also, if the dust of Samaria will suffice for handfuls for all the people who follow me."

          References for 1 Kings 20:10

            • d 20:10 - Lit "are at my feet"
              11 Then the king of Israel replied, "Tell him, '6Let not him who girds on his armor boast like him who takes it off.' "

              References for 1 Kings 20:11

              12 When Ben-hadad heard this message, as 7he was drinking with the kings in the temporary shelters, he said to his servants, "Station yourselves." So they stationed themselves against the city.

              References for 1 Kings 20:12

                  Ahab Victorious

                  13 Now behold, a prophet approached Ahab king of Israel and said, "Thus says the LORD, 'Have you seen all this great multitude? Behold, 8I will deliver them into your hand today, and 9you shall know that I am the LORD.' "

                  References for 1 Kings 20:13

                  14 Ahab said, "By whom?" So he said, "Thus says the LORD, 'By the young men of the rulers of the provinces.' " Then he said, "Who shall begin the battle?" And he answered, "You."

                  References for 1 Kings 20:14

                      15 Then he mustered the young men of the rulers of the provinces, and there were 232 * *; and after them he mustered all the people, even all the sons of Israel, 7,000 *.
                      16 They went out at noon, while 10Ben-hadad was drinking himself drunk in the temporary shelters with the thirty-two * kings who helped him.

                      References for 1 Kings 20:16

                        • i 20:16 - Or "booths"
                        • j 20:16 - Lit "he and the 32 kings"
                          17 The young men of the rulers of the provinces went out first; and Ben-hadad sent out and they told him, saying, "Men have come out from Samaria."
                          18 11Then he said, "If they have come out for peace, take them alive; or if they have come out for war, take them alive."

                          References for 1 Kings 20:18

                          19 So these went out from the city, the young men of the rulers of the provinces, and the army which followed them.
                          20 They killed each his man; and the Arameans fled and Israel pursued them, and Ben-hadad king of Aram escaped on a horse with horsemen.

                          References for 1 Kings 20:20

                              21 The king of Israel went out and struck the horses and chariots, and killed the Arameans with a great slaughter.

                              References for 1 Kings 20:21

                                  22 Then 12the prophet came near to the king of Israel and said to him, "Go, strengthen yourself and observe and see what you have to do; for 13at the turn of the year the king of Aram will come up against you."

                                  References for 1 Kings 20:22

                                  23 Now the servants of the king of Aram said to him, "14Their gods are gods of the mountains, therefore * they were stronger than we; but rather let us fight against them in the plain, and surely * we will be stronger than they.

                                  References for 1 Kings 20:23

                                  24 "Do this thing: remove the kings, each from his place, and put captains in their place,
                                  25 and muster an army like the army that you have lost, horse for horse, and chariot for chariot. Then we will fight against them in the plain, and surely * we will be stronger than they." And he listened to their voice and did so.

                                  References for 1 Kings 20:25

                                      Another Aramean War

                                      26 15At the turn of the year, Ben-hadad mustered the Arameans and went up to 16Aphek to fight against Israel.

                                      References for 1 Kings 20:26

                                      27 The sons of Israel were mustered and were provisioned and went to meet them; and the sons of Israel camped before them like two little flocks of goats, 17but the Arameans filled the country.

                                      References for 1 Kings 20:27

                                      28 Then 18a man of God came near and spoke to the king of Israel and said, "Thus says the LORD, 'Because * the Arameans have said, "19The LORD is a god of the mountains, but He is not a god of the valleys," therefore 20I will give all this great multitude into your hand, and you shall know that I am the LORD.' "

                                      References for 1 Kings 20:28

                                      29 So they camped one over against the other seven days. And on the seventh day the battle was joined, and the sons of Israel killed of the Arameans 100,000 * foot soldiers in one day.

                                      References for 1 Kings 20:29

                                          30 But the rest fled to 21Aphek into the city, and the wall fell on 27,000 * * men who were left. And Ben-hadad fled and came into the city 22into an inner chamber.

                                          References for 1 Kings 20:30

                                          31 23His servants said to him, "Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings, please let us 24put sackcloth on our loins and ropes on our heads, and go out to the king of Israel; perhaps he will save your life."

                                          References for 1 Kings 20:31

                                          32 So 25they girded sackcloth on their loins and put ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel and said, "26Your servant Ben-hadad says, 'Please let me live.' " And he said, "Is he still alive? He is my brother."

                                          References for 1 Kings 20:32

                                          33 Now the men took this as an omen, and quickly catching his word said, "Your brother Ben-hadad." Then he said, "Go, bring him." Then Ben-hadad came out to him, and he took him up into the chariot.

                                          References for 1 Kings 20:33

                                            • q 20:33 - Lit "divined"
                                            • r 20:33 - Lit "caught from him"
                                            • s 20:33 - Lit "caused him to come up"
                                              34 Ben-hadad said to him, "27The cities which my father took from your father I will restore, and you shall make streets for yourself in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria." Ahab said, "And I will let you go with this covenant." So he made a covenant with him and let him go.

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                                              35 Now a certain man of 28the sons of the prophets said to another 29by the word of the LORD, "Please strike me." But the man refused to strike him.

                                              References for 1 Kings 20:35

                                              36 Then he said to him, "Because * you have not listened to the voice of the LORD, behold, as soon as you have departed from me, 30a lion will kill you." And as soon as he had departed from him a lion found him and killed him.

                                              References for 1 Kings 20:36

                                                  37 Then he found another man and said, "Please strike me." And the man struck him, wounding * him.

                                                  References for 1 Kings 20:37

                                                    • w 20:37 - Lit "smite"
                                                    • x 20:37 - Lit "smote"
                                                    • y 20:37 - Lit "striking and wounding"
                                                      38 So the prophet departed and waited for the king by the way, and 31disguised himself with a bandage over his eyes.

                                                      References for 1 Kings 20:38

                                                      39 As the king passed by, he cried to the king and said, "Your servant went out into the midst of the battle; and behold, a man turned aside and brought a man to me and said, 'Guard this man; if for any reason he is missing, 32then your life shall be for his life, or else you shall pay a talent of silver.'

                                                      References for 1 Kings 20:39

                                                      40 "While your servant was busy here and there, he was gone." And the king of Israel said to him, "So shall your judgment be; you yourself have decided it."
                                                      41 Then he hastily took the bandage away from his eyes, and the king of Israel recognized him that he was of the prophets.
                                                      42 He said to him, "Thus says the LORD, 'Because you have let go out of your hand the man whom I had devoted to destruction, therefore 33your life shall go for his life, and your people for his people.' "

                                                      References for 1 Kings 20:42

                                                          43 So 34the king of Israel went to his house sullen and vexed, and came to Samaria.

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