Belshazzar's Feast

1 Belshazzar the king held a great 1feast for a thousand of his nobles, and he was drinking wine in the presence of the thousand.

References for Daniel 5:1

2 When Belshazzar tasted the wine, he gave orders to bring the gold and silver 2vessels which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem, so that the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines might drink from them.

References for Daniel 5:2

    • b 5:2 - Or "forefather," and so throughout the ch
      3 Then they brought the gold vessels that had been taken out of the temple, the house of God which was in Jerusalem; and the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines drank from them.
      4 They 3drank the wine and praised the gods of 4gold and silver, of bronze, iron, wood and stone.

      References for Daniel 5:4

      5 Suddenly the fingers of a man's hand emerged and began writing opposite the lampstand on the plaster of the wall of the king's palace, and the king saw the back of the hand that did the writing.

      References for Daniel 5:5

        • c 5:5 - Or "palm"
          6 Then the king's 5face grew pale and his thoughts alarmed him, and his 6hip joints went slack and his 7knees began knocking together.

          References for Daniel 5:6

            • d 5:6 - Lit "brightness changed for him"
              7 The king called aloud to bring in the 8conjurers, the Chaldeans and the diviners. The king spoke and said to the wise men of Babylon, "Any man who can read this inscription and explain its interpretation to me shall be 9clothed with purple and have a 10necklace of gold around his neck, and have authority as 11third ruler in the kingdom."

              References for Daniel 5:7

                • e 5:7 - Or "master astrologers"
                • f 5:7 - Or "a triumvir"
                  8 Then all the king's wise men came in, but 12they could not read the inscription or make known its interpretation to the king.

                  References for Daniel 5:8

                  9 Then King Belshazzar was greatly 13alarmed, his 14face grew even paler, and his nobles were perplexed.

                  References for Daniel 5:9

                    • g 5:9 - Lit "brightness was changing upon him"
                      10 The queen entered the banquet hall because of the words of the king and his nobles; the queen spoke and said, "15O king, live forever! Do not let your thoughts alarm you or your face be pale.

                      References for Daniel 5:10

                        • h 5:10 - Lit "house"
                        • i 5:10 - Lit "brightness be changed"
                          11 "There is a 16man in your kingdom in whom is a 17spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of your father, illumination, insight and wisdom like the wisdom of the gods were found in him. And King Nebuchadnezzar, your father, your father 18the king, appointed him chief of the magicians, conjurers, Chaldeans and diviners.

                          References for Daniel 5:11

                            • j 5:11 - Or possibly "the Spirit of the holy God"
                            • k 5:11 - Or "O king"
                            • l 5:11 - Or "soothsayer priests"
                            • m 5:11 - Or "master astrologers"
                              12 "This was because * * an 19extraordinary spirit, knowledge and insight, interpretation of dreams, explanation of enigmas and solving of difficult problems were found in this Daniel, whom the king named 20Belteshazzar. Let Daniel now be summoned and he will declare the interpretation."

                              References for Daniel 5:12

                              Daniel Interprets Handwriting on the Wall

                              13 Then Daniel was brought in before the king. The king spoke and said to Daniel, "Are you that Daniel who is one of the 21exiles * from Judah, whom my father the king 22brought from Judah?

                              References for Daniel 5:13

                                • n 5:13 - Lit "sons of the exile"
                                  14 "Now I have heard about you that a spirit of the gods is in you, and that illumination, insight and extraordinary wisdom have been found in you.

                                  References for Daniel 5:14

                                    • o 5:14 - Or possibly "the Spirit of God"
                                      15 "Just now the 23wise men and the conjurers were brought in before me that they might read this inscription and make its interpretation known to me, but they 24could not declare the interpretation of the message.

                                      References for Daniel 5:15

                                      16 "But I personally have heard about you, that you are able to give interpretations and solve difficult problems. Now if you are able to read the inscription and make its 25interpretation known to me, you will be 26clothed with purple and wear a necklace of gold around your neck, and you will have authority as the third ruler in the kingdom."

                                      References for Daniel 5:16

                                        • q 5:16 - Or "triumvir"
                                          17 Then Daniel answered and said before the king, "Keep your 27gifts for yourself or give your rewards to someone else; however, I will read the inscription to the king and make the interpretation known to him.

                                          References for Daniel 5:17

                                            • r 5:17 - Lit " for"
                                              18 "O king, the 28Most High God 29granted sovereignty, 30grandeur, glory and majesty to Nebuchadnezzar your father.

                                              References for Daniel 5:18

                                                • s 5:18 - Lit "You, O king"
                                                • t 5:18 - Or "the kingdom"
                                                  19 "Because of the grandeur which He bestowed on him, all the peoples, nations and men of every language feared and trembled before him; 31whomever he wished he killed and whomever he wished he spared alive; and whomever he wished he elevated and whomever he wished he humbled.

                                                  References for Daniel 5:19

                                                  20 "But when his heart was 32lifted up and his spirit became so 33proud that he behaved arrogantly, he was 34deposed from his royal throne and his glory was taken away from him.

                                                  References for Daniel 5:20

                                                  21 "He was also 35driven away from mankind, and his heart was made like that of beasts, and his dwelling place was with the 36wild donkeys. He was given grass to eat like cattle, and his body was drenched with the dew of heaven until * he recognized that the 37Most High God is ruler over the realm of mankind and that He sets over it whomever * He wishes.

                                                  References for Daniel 5:21

                                                  22 "Yet you, his son, Belshazzar, have 38not humbled your heart, even though you knew all this,

                                                  References for Daniel 5:22

                                                    • x 5:22 - Or "descendant"
                                                    • y 5:22 - Lit "inasmuch as you"
                                                      23 but you have 39exalted yourself against the 40Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of His house before you, and you and your nobles, your wives and your concubines have been drinking wine from them; and you have praised the 41gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood and stone, which do not see, hear or understand. But the God 42in whose hand are your life-breath and all your ways43, you have not glorified.
                                                      24 "Then the 44hand was sent from Him and this inscription was written out.

                                                      References for Daniel 5:24

                                                        • z 5:24 - Lit "palm of the hand"
                                                          25 "Now this is the inscription that was written out: 'MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN.'

                                                          References for Daniel 5:25

                                                            • { 5:25 - Or "a mina" (50 shekels) from verb ``to number''
                                                            • | 5:25 - Or "a mina" (50 shekels) from verb ``to number''
                                                            • } 5:25 - Or "a shekel" from verb ``to weigh''
                                                            • ~ 5:25 - Or "and half-shekels" (sing: "peres") from verb ``to divide''
                                                              26 "This is the interpretation of the message: 'MENE '-God has numbered your kingdom and 45put an end to it.

                                                              References for Daniel 5:26

                                                              27 " 'TEKEL '-you have been 46weighed on the scales and found deficient.

                                                              References for Daniel 5:27

                                                              28 " 'PERES '-your kingdom has been divided and given over to the 47Medes and Persians."

                                                              References for Daniel 5:28

                                                              29 Then Belshazzar gave orders, and they 48clothed Daniel with purple and put a necklace of gold around his neck, and issued a proclamation concerning him that he now had authority as the third ruler in the kingdom.

                                                              References for Daniel 5:29

                                                                •  5:29 - Or "triumvir"
                                                                  30 That same night 49Belshazzar the Chaldean king was 50slain.

                                                                  References for Daniel 5:30

                                                                  31 So 51Darius the Mede received the kingdom at about the age * of sixty-two *.

                                                                  References for Daniel 5:31

                                                                    • ‚ 5:31 - Ch 6:1 in Aram